british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMT Livingstone (FY256) (+1917)
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general
nationality british
purpose war (prev. fishing)
type minesweeper (ex-trawler)
propulsion steam
date built 1900
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 213  grt
dimensions 36.6 x 6.6 x -- m
material steel
engine 1 triple expansion engine, 1 single boiler, 1 screw
armament 1 x 3pdr.
power 60  n.h.p.
speed 10  knots
yard no. 253
IMO/Off. no. 110784
about the loss
cause lost gunfire - shelled
date lost 12/12/1917  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
Cook, Welton & Gemmell Ltd., Beverley (Hull)
engine by
Holmes C. D. & Co. Ltd., Hull
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMT Livingstone (FY256) (+1917)
period 1914 ~ 1917
IMO/Off. no.: 110784
prev. owners
[2]East Riding Steam & Fish, Hull
FV Livingstone (H496)
period 1914 ~ 1914
IMO/Off. no.: 110784
[3]National Steam Trawling Co. (Hull) Ltd., Hull
FV Livingstone (H496)
period 1900 ~ 1914
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
references
references
 Michael Thompson, Cook, Welton & Gemmell - Shipbuilders Of Hull & Beverley
updates
entered by Racey Carl
entered 15/02/2011
last update Racey Carl
last update 11/01/2012
 
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copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 
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  History  
 
Racey Carl16/02/2011The Hull trawler LIVINGSTONE (H496) was requisitioned in August 1914 and converted to a Minesweeper, Admiralty No: FY 256. In 1917 ownership was acquired by East Riding Steam Fishing Co. of Hull and the vessel employed by the Admiralty as for Scandinavian convoys escort.

The LIVINGSTONE was sunk by SMS EMDEN and destroyers of the German Third Half-Flotilla on 12th December 1917. ICW Destroyers PELLEW and PARTRIDGE together with trawlers LIVINGSTONE, COMMANDER FULLERTON, LORD ALVERSTONE and TOKIO were escorting a Scandinavian convoy when attacked by the Germans. All the ships in the convoy were sunk, as were all the escorts with the exception of PELLEW, which was damaged.
Racey Carl15/02/2011
HMS PARTRIDGE - C.O. Lt. Cdr. R. H .Ranson RN - Location: Norwegian Sea, SW of Bjorne Fjord - Cause of loss: Gunfire and Torpedo.

On 11 December 1917 HMS PARTRIDGE, accompanied by HMS PELLEW and four trawlers, COMMANDER FULLERTON, LIVINGSTONE, LORD ALVERSTONE and TOKIO, left Lerwick for Bergen with a six ship convoy.

At 1145 hrs on the 12th the convoy was attacked by four German destroyers, G-101, G-103, G-104 and V-100. PARTRIDGE was hit almost immediatelyby a shell that severed her main steam pipeand left her lying dead in the water. She did fire a torpedo, which V-100, but unfortunately this failed to explode before she was struck by a torpedo herself.
Ranson gave the order to abandon ship and PARTRIDGE was then hit by a further two torpedoes.

The German destroyers sank all six merchant ships and the trawler escorts and escaped under cover of bad weather, leaving the damaged PELLEW as the only survivor. Source: British Warship Losses of the 20th Century, Paul Kemp.

Three of the convoy vessels traced so far:- British SS CORDOVA sunk by gunfire 50nm W Bergen; Danish MV MARACAIBO sunk by gunfire 50nm W Bergen; Swedish SS TORLEIF sunk by gunfire 59.43N / 4.10E.

It is also reported that on the 12/12/1917 the SS NIKE was sunk by torpedoes, 8nm east of Blyth, by SMS V-100, G-101, G-103 and G-104. Another source suggests that SMS B-97 & B-111 were responsible for this action, which seems more likely due to the reported position of the NIKE.
ref. used: 
[1] Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
[2]  archiver.rootsweb...
Lettens Jan31/12/2011On 12th December 1917, an entire convoy, consisting of 6 merchants ships (BOLLSTA, BOTHNIA, CORDOVA, TORLEIF, KONG MAGNUS, MARACAIBO), the Royal Navy destroyer HMS Partridge and 4 escorting trawlers (HMT TOKIO, COMMANDER FULLERTON, LIVINGSTONE, LORD ALVERSTONE) was sunk by the German destroyers V-100, G-101, G-103 and G-104, 37 miles from Marsteinen Fyr.

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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Cook, Welton & Gemmell Ltd., Beverley (Hull)
Shipbuilders of Hull & Beverley 1883 -1963 Vessels built at Hull between 1885 - 1904 & Vessels built at Beverley between 1902 - 1963 -- The company was set up on the Humber Bank at Hull by William James Cook, Charles Keen Welton and William Gemmell, three former employees of Earle's Shipbuilding and Engineering Co who set up their own company in 1882, initially to undertake repairs and then build vessels themselves. The first ship to be made by the yard was a steam fishing smack. -

The company moved to a new yard in Grovehill, Beverley in 1901; they took over the Grovehill shipyard from Cochrane, Hamilton and Cooper which had previously been owned by Cochrane and Sons. The first production of the new yard were trawlers and whalers. They dredged the River Hull, allowing larger ships to be built. -

During WWI Tugs, minesweepers and anti-submarine patrol boats were the main ships built for the War effort. In the 1920s the yard consolidated its reputation for building high quality trawlers and continued to do this during the inter war years. During the WWII the yard's output consisted of trawlers, Admiralty corvettes, landing craft, mine-layers and anti-submarine trawlers.After the war, the yard focussed on trawlers again along with a few tugs. -

The Grovehill shipyard continued to be busy. In 1954 the comany had workforce of 650. It was reported that 15 vessels were launched in 1954, five more than in the previous year. They included three minesweepers, four trawlers, and a tug: they were typical of the orders being received by the yard at that time. At least three of the trawlers launched in 1954 and 1955 were exported to South Africa. -

For many years, the chairman of Cook, Welton and Gemmell was Harold Sheardown, a Hull businessman who was also vice-chairman of the Kingston Steam Trawler Co., which was one of the best customers of the Beverley shipyard. In 1963 the yard struggled to find orders and was closed under the Cook, Welton and Gemmell name on 31st March 1963. Soon after the yard was purchased by Charles D. Holmes and Co. The company name was changed to Beverley Shipbuilding and Engineering Co Ltd. This was in turn taken over by Whitby Shipyard Ltd on 1 July 1976

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Holmes C. D. & Co. Ltd., Hull
In 1869 Charles D. Holmes was founded in Hull as marine engineering company.

In 1959 the company was privatized.

During the 1960's the company built tugs for the Humber fleet, as well as companies from further. The company were general marine engineers, boiler makers, welders, metal sprayers, and makers of marine diesel engines with 400 employees. In 1963 purchased the yard of Cook, Welton & Gemmel.

During the 1970s the yard made more tugs for the Navy, BP and the Iranian Government. The yard was acquired by the Drypool Group in 1975 and after building one further ship, went into liquidation again.

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