british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Kingston Ceylonite (FY214) (+1942)
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general
nationality british
purpose fishing
type trawler
propulsion steam
date built 1935
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 448  grt
dimensions 48.9 x 8.1 x 4.3 m
engine compound expansion engine, single shaft, 1 screw
armament armed trawler
power  
speed  
yard no. 600
about the loss
cause lost mine
date lost 15/06/1942  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.18rank: 637
about people
builder
Cook, Welton & Gemmell Ltd., Beverley (Hull)
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMS Kingston Ceylonite (FY214) (+1942)
period 1939 ~ 1942
prev. owners
[2]Kingston Steam Trawling Co. Ltd., Hull
FV Kingston Ceylonite
period 1935 ~ 1939
captain
no. of crew 32
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 26/10/2007
last update Allen Tony
last update 17/07/2013
 
  Position  
 
[1] Allen Tony17/07/2013
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Lettens Jan02/02/2008

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  History  
 
Allen Tony26/10/2007Kingston Ceylonite USS was an Armed British Trawler on loan to the United States Navy. She was built in 1935 but mined off Chesapeake Bay, USA, June 15, 1942. 18 crew lost from a total of 32. The mine was laid by U-701.
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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Cook, Welton & Gemmell Ltd., Beverley (Hull)
Shipbuilders of Hull & Beverley 1883 -1963 Vessels built at Hull between 1885 - 1904 & Vessels built at Beverley between 1902 - 1963 -- The company was set up on the Humber Bank at Hull by William James Cook, Charles Keen Welton and William Gemmell, three former employees of Earle's Shipbuilding and Engineering Co who set up their own company in 1882, initially to undertake repairs and then build vessels themselves. The first ship to be made by the yard was a steam fishing smack. -

The company moved to a new yard in Grovehill, Beverley in 1901; they took over the Grovehill shipyard from Cochrane, Hamilton and Cooper which had previously been owned by Cochrane and Sons. The first production of the new yard were trawlers and whalers. They dredged the River Hull, allowing larger ships to be built. -

During WWI Tugs, minesweepers and anti-submarine patrol boats were the main ships built for the War effort. In the 1920s the yard consolidated its reputation for building high quality trawlers and continued to do this during the inter war years. During the WWII the yard's output consisted of trawlers, Admiralty corvettes, landing craft, mine-layers and anti-submarine trawlers.After the war, the yard focussed on trawlers again along with a few tugs. -

The Grovehill shipyard continued to be busy. In 1954 the comany had workforce of 650. It was reported that 15 vessels were launched in 1954, five more than in the previous year. They included three minesweepers, four trawlers, and a tug: they were typical of the orders being received by the yard at that time. At least three of the trawlers launched in 1954 and 1955 were exported to South Africa. -

For many years, the chairman of Cook, Welton and Gemmell was Harold Sheardown, a Hull businessman who was also vice-chairman of the Kingston Steam Trawler Co., which was one of the best customers of the Beverley shipyard. In 1963 the yard struggled to find orders and was closed under the Cook, Welton and Gemmell name on 31st March 1963. Soon after the yard was purchased by Charles D. Holmes and Co. The company name was changed to Beverley Shipbuilding and Engineering Co Ltd. This was in turn taken over by Whitby Shipyard Ltd on 1 July 1976

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HMS Kingston Ceylonite (FY214) (+1942)
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