american Us Navy - United States Navy USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) (+1948)
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  Details  
 
general
nationality american
purpose war
type battleship
subtype/class Pennsylvania class battleship
propulsion steam turbine
date built 1916
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 31400  disp (surf)
dimensions 185.3 x 32.3 x 8.8 m
material steel
engine 4 x geared steam turbines, 4 propellers
armament 12 × 14"/360 mm 45 cal guns, 12 × 5"/130 mm 51 cal guns, 12 × 5"/130 mm 25 cal A.A. guns, 2 x 21" T.T., 2 planes
power 35081  s.h.p.
speed 21  knots
yard no. 171
call sign
NADX  
NADX
about the loss
cause lost used as a target
other reasons scuttled
date lost 10/02/1948  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties 0
about people
builder
Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News
owner
Us Navy - United States Navy
captain
complement 1385
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Jan Lettens
entered 31/01/2011
last update Gothro Phil
last update 27/08/2012
 
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copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
  copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu  
 
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  History  
 
Jan Lettens09/02/2011USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) was used in the atomic bombing operation crossroads at Bikini in 1946. After the blast, she was considered 'too hot' to decontaminate and subsequently scuttled off Kwajalein, 10 February 1948
Jan Lettens09/02/2011SCUTTLED OR SUNK AT KWAJALEIN

After operation crossroads, below ships, considered not worth to decontaminate or simply 'too hot to handle', were scuttled or sunk as a target at Kwajalein:

Prinz Eugen (IX-300) stranded Dec 12 1946
Pennsylvania (BB-38) scuttled Feb 10 1948,

Mayrant (DD-402) sunk Apr 4 1948
Mugford (DD-389) scuttled Mar 22 1948
Mustin (DD-413) sunk Mar 18 1948
Ralph Talbot (DD-390) scuttled Mar 1948
Rhind (DD-404) scuttled Mar 22 1948
Stack (DD-406) sunk as target Apr 24 1948
Trippe (DD-403) sunk as target Feb 4 1948
Wainwright (DD-419) sunk as target Jul 5 1948
Wilson (DD-408) scuttled Mar 22 1948

Brule (APA-66) scuttled May 11 1948
Butte (APA-68) scuttled May 12 1948
Bracken (APA-64) scuttled Mar 10 1948
Banner (APA-60) scuttled Feb 16 1948
Barrow (APA-61) scuttled May 11 1948
Dawson (APA-79) sunk as target Mar 19 1948
Fallon (APA-81) scuttled Mar 10 1948

LCI-327 destroyed Oct 30 1947
LCI-329 scuttled Mar 16 1948
LCI-332 scuttled Sep 28 1947

LCT-412 scuttled Sep 1947
LCT-705 scuttled Sep 1947
LCT-746 scuttled Mar 1947
LCT-816 scuttled Jun 1947
LCT-818 scuttled Sep 1947
LCT-874 scuttled Sep 1947
LCT-1013 scuttled Sep 1947
LCT-1078 scuttled Sep 1947
LCT-1112 scuttled Sep 1947
LCT-1113 scuttled Jun 1947

LST-133 scuttled May 11 1948
LST-220 scuttled May 12 1948
LST-545 scuttled May 12 1948
LST-661 destroyed Sep 13 1948

YOG-83 scuttled Sep 16 1948

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About Owners
 
Us Navy - United States Navy

John Paul Jones - An American Naval Hero and known as father of the American Navy.

John Paul was born in a gardener's cottage in Kirkbean, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. He went to sea as a youth and was a merchant shipmaster by the age of twenty-one. After killing a mutinous sailor at Tobago he added 'Jones' to his name and began a new life in America. He volunteered early in the War of Independence to serve in his adopted country's infant navy, and managed to obtain a lieutenant's commission in the Continental Navy.

He took the war to the enemy's homeland with daring raids along the British coast and the famous victory of the BONHOMME RICHARD over the HMS SERAPIS. After the BONHOMME RICHARD began taking on water and fires broke out on board, the British commander asked Jones if he had struck his flag. Jones replied, "I have not yet begun to fight!" In the end, it was the British commander who surrendered. Jones is now remembered for his indomitable will, his unwillingness to consider surrender when the slightest hope of victory still burned.

In 1781 he returned to America and Congress passed a vote of thanks to him for the way he had sustained the honour of the American fleet and in 1787 awarded him a gold medal. He also received a gold sword and the Order of Military Merit from Louis XVI.

Throughout his naval career Jones promoted professional standards and training. He spent the remaining years of the war advising on the establishment of the navy and the training of naval officers.

In 1792 Jones was appointed U.S. Consul to Algiers, but in July of that year he died before the commission arrived. He was buried in Paris and his body lay in an alcohol filled coffin in an unmarked grave for over a century. In 1905 his remains were found and taken to the United States where, in 1913, they were finally laid to rest in a marble sarcophagus in the U.S. Naval Academy Chapel at Annapolis, Maryland

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About Builders
 Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Newport News

Newport News Shipbuilding (NNS), originally Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company (NNS&DD), was the largest privately-owned shipyard in the United States prior to being purchased by Northrop Grumman in 2001. Known as Northrop Grumman Newport News (NGNN), and later Northrop Grumman Shipbuilding Newport News (NGSB-NN), the company was located in Newport News, Virginia, and often participates in projects with the Norfolk Naval Shipyard in Portsmouth, Virginia, also located adjacent to Hampton Roads.

The shipyard is a major employer not only for the lower Virginia Peninsula, but also portions of Hampton Roads south of the James River and the harbor, portions of the Middle Peninsula region, and even some northeastern counties of North Carolina


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