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The cataclysmic explosion of one of the ammunition ships John Harvey or John L. Motley at Bari, Italy, 2nd December 1943.
Levano Hervé 30/07/2014
Jan Lettens 30/01/2011
8/1919: U.S.Shipping Board,Seattle,USA "EDITOR"
/1937: U.S.Maritime Commision,Seattle do
/1941: Ministry of War Transport(J.A.Billmeir & Co.Ltd)London "EMPIRE DUNLIN"
10/1942: Norwegian Government-Norw.Sh.& Trade Mission,Oslo "NORLOM
12/1943: Sank ved Bari den 2/12 av skader hun fikk da amerikansk
damper"JOHN L.MOTLEY" exploderte under luftangrep fra
tyske fly på reise Liverpool til Bari med kull.Refloat den
3/12-1946 og solgt til italienske opphuggere.
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BARI BOMBING DISASTER, 2 December 1943
The German air attack on Bari, Italy opened at 1925 hours 2nd December 1943, with bombers (105 Ju-88s) hitting allied merchants unloading supplies for the forces engaged in the battle for Rome.
Fire on ammunition ships John Harvey
and bomb hits on John L. Motley
caused massive detonations which shattered windows seven miles away. A bulk gasoline pipeline and supply were severed and the gushing fuel ignited engulfing other ships.
Seventeen merchant ships laden with nearly 35,000 tons of cargo were destroyed (5 American, 5 British, 3 Norwegian, 2 Italian, 2 Polish, with another 7 vessels heavily damaged). The port area was closed for three weeks and was only back in operation by February 1944.
In total, 800 crew and civilians lost their lifes in the fire, explosions and poisoning by mustard gas that was on board John Harvey
. List of ships lost
ALLIED MERCHANTSJohn Harvey
(US Liberty, 7177 gt) John L. Motley
(US Liberty, 7176 gt) John Bascom
(US Liberty, 7176 gt) Joseph Wheeler
(US Liberty, 7176 gt) Samuel J. Tilden
(US Liberty, 7176 gt) Lom
2">Fort Athabasca (Canadian, 7132 gt) Fort Lajoie
(Canadian, 7134 gt ) Testbank
(British, 5083 gt) Lars Kruse
(British, 1897 gt) Devon Coast
(British, 646 gt) Bollsta
(Norwegian, 1832 gt) Norlom
(Norwegian, 6412 gt) Lom
(Norwegian, 1268 gt) Lwow
(Polish, 1409 gt) Puck
(Polish, 1065 gt) Frosinone
(Italian, 5202 gt) Barletta
(Italian, 1975 gt)
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Skinner & Eddy Corp.
Skinner & Eddy operated only during WWI, building cargo ships initially for export and then for the U.S. Shipping Board. The shipyard was located on the downtown Seattle waterfront, at the foot of Atlantic Street, immediately to the south of Todd's original Seattle shipyard, the former Seattle Dry Dock & Construction. In May 1918, Todd sold its...read more
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