british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN RFA Sir Galahad (L-3005) [+1982]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose war
type LS - landing ship
subtype/class Round Table class landing ship logistics
propulsion motor vessel (diesel)
date built 1966
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 5674  grt
dimensions 126 x 18 x 4 m
material steel
engine 2 Mirrlees National ALSSDM10 diesels.
armament 2 x 40 mm Bofors A.A. guns
power 9400  b.h.p.
speed 17  knots
about the loss
cause lost deliberate
other reasons air raid
date lost 08/06/1982  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.89rank: 540
about people
builder
Stephen & Sons Ltd., Alexander Stephen, Glasgow
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
no. of crew 68
no. of passengers 340
about the wreck
depth (m.) 600 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
protected yes
war grave yes
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 17/10/2007
last update Lettens Jan
last update 17/05/2011
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan28/08/2008
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
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  History  
 
Allen Tony17/10/2007RFA Sir Galahad (L3005) was the name of a LSL (landing ship logistic) belonging to the Royal Fleet Auxiliary, part of the British fleet. She was a 3,270 ton LSL built by Stephens and launched in 1966. She could carry 340 troops comfortably or 534 in austere conditions.

Beaching cargo capacity was 340 tons, and could include 16 tanks, 34 mixed vehicles, 120 tons of petroleum produce and 30 tons of ammunition. Landing craft could be carried in place of lifeboats, but unloading was mainly handled by three cranes.

Galahad was active during the Falklands War. On May 24, 1982 in San Carlos Water she was attacked by A-4Bs of the Argentine Air Force (FAA) and was hit by one 1000 pound bomb which did not detonate and strafed in a following wave of attack aircraft.

On June 8 in Bluff Cove, together with Sir Tristram, she was hit again by two or three bombs and was very badly damaged, while unloading soldiers from the 1st Welsh Guards. 48 were killed in the explosions and subsequent fire.

Later the hulk was towed out to sea and sunk by HMS Onyx (S21); it is now an official war grave, designated as a protected place under the Protection of Military Remains Act.
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 US Naval Historical Center
Lettens Jan28/08/2008UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Stephen & Sons Ltd., Alexander Stephen, Glasgow
Alexander Stephen and Sons Limited, often referred to simply as Alex Stephens, was a Scottish shipbuilding company based in Linthouse, Govan in Glasgow, on the River Clyde. Alexander Stephen, a member of the third generation of the family, merged the Aberdeen and Arbroath businesses in 1828 and then, after closing the Aberdeen yard in 1829, moved production to the Panmure yard in Dundee in 1842. In 1850 part of the business was transferred to Kelvinhaugh yard, now known as Yorkhill Quay, near Glasgow. The Arbroath yard finally closed in 1857. Then in 1870 the business moved to Linthouse near Glasgow.

In a tragic disater in 1883, the Daphne, a steamer, capsized after its launch from the yard, and 124 workers lost their lives. The Dundee shipyard was sold in 1893. In 1968, Stephens was incorporated into Upper Clyde Shipbuilders and was closed after the latter organisation collapsed in 1971.



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RFA Sir Galahad (L-3005) [+1982]
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