british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Penzance (L 28) [+1940]
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nationality british
type sloop
propulsion steam turbine
date built 1929
weight (tons) 1045  grt
dimensions 76.2 x 10.4 x 2.4 m
material steel
engine 2 steam turbines, dual shaft, 2 screws
armament 2 x 4 in guns (2x1) 4 x .5" AA gun (1x4)
power 2000  s.h.p.
speed 16  knots
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 25/08/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.90rank: 544
about people
Devonport Naval Dockyard - Plymouth Dockyard, Plymouth
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
no. of crew 104
about the wreck
depth (m.) 2700 max. / -- min. (m)
war grave
entered by Claes Johnny
entered 09/10/2007
last update Gothro Phil
last update 25/08/2013
[1] Jan Lettens17/02/2009
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Claes Johnny09/10/2007HMS Penzance (Cdr. Allan John Wavish) was torpedoed and sunk on 24 August 1940 in the North Atlantic, south-west of Iceland by U-37. 90 men went down with the ship, there were only 7 survivors which were picked up by the British merchant Blairmore. Blairmore was also torpedoed later that night by the same u-boat. Once again the 7 survivors had to abandon ship and this time they were picked up after some 17 hours by the Swedish merchant Eknaren and taken to Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.
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Jan Lettens28/08/2008UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office

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About Owners
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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HMS Penzance (L 28) [+1940]
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