italian Italian Royal Navy - Regia Marina (1861-1946) RM Fiume (+1941)
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general
nationality italian
purpose war
type cruiser (heavy)
subtype/class Zara class cruiser (it.)
Zara class cruiser (it.) Zara RM (+1941)
propulsion steam turbine
date built 1931
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 14530  disp (surf)
dimensions 182.8 x 20.6 x 7 m
material steel, armoured
engine 8 × 3-drum Thornycroft boilers, 2 × Parsons turbines
armament 8 × 203mm (8 in) / 53 caliber Model 1929 (4x2), 14 x 100mm (6x2, 2x1), 16 x 37mm/54 caliber Breda, 8 × 13.2mm A.A. MG (4x2), 2 x aircrafts
power 95000  h.p.
speed 33  knots
about the loss
cause lost naval battle
date lost 29/03/1941  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.813rank: 141
about people
builder
Stabilimento Tecnico Triestino - St. Triestino - STT - Austria Werft 1916-1918, Trieste
owner
Italian Royal Navy - Regia Marina (1861-1946)
captain C.V. Giorgio Giorgis
complement 841~1098
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Pablobini
entered 18/08/2010
last update Lettens Jan
last update 02/08/2012
 
  Position  
 
Pablobini18/08/2010
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  History  
 
Pablobini18/08/2010During the night of 29 Mar 1941, Fiume, her sister ship Zara, and four destroyers guarded another Zara-class heavy cruiser, Pola, as Pola was disabled by a British torpedo plane earlier in the day. A British group centered around three battleships, with the aid of radar, attacked in the dark at relative close range, quickly obliterated the Italian fleet, sinking Fiume, Zara, Pola, and two destroyers.
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  ww2db.com
Lettens Jan02/08/2012BATTLE OF MATAPAN

During the battle of Matapan, the British Navy ships WARSPITE, BARHAM, VALIANT and FORMIDABLE managed to sink heavy cruisers POLA, FIUME, ZARA and destroyers VITTORIO ALFIERI and GIOSUE CARDUCCI.

The Italian plan Operation Gaudo called for a strong naval force to patrol the area in the Mediterranean, sinking any British convoys or escort warships it might encounter. Battleship Vittorio Veneto, six heavy cruisers and 2 light cruisers and a number of destroyers were engaged in the operation.

The Italians, missing air cover and having no radar, seriously underestimated the British power in the Mediterranean and when they returned for Toranto, they nearly escaped with minor damage. However, when POLA was damaged by an aerial torpedo, the entire 1st Cruiser Division (cruisers Fiume and Zara, destroyers Vittorio Alfieri, Giosue Carducci, Vincenzo Gioberti and Alfredo Oriani) was requested to return to help the POLA, who was damaged by an aerial torpedo. They ran right into the entire British force.

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About Builders
 Stabilimento Tecnico Triestino - St. Triestino - STT - Austria Werft 1916-1918, Trieste
Stabilimento Tecnico Triestino (STT) was a private shipbuilding company based in Trieste from the mid-19th to early 20th century, and the most important naval shipbuilding firm of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

During WWI, between 1916-1918, STT was named Austria Werft.

After WWI, Trieste was ceded to Italy and the firm continued building vessels for Italy.

In 1929 STT merged with Cantieri Navale Triestino to form Cantieri Riuniti dell' Adriatico (CRDA). CRDA Trieste became part of the Fincantieri group in 1984.

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