italian SS Maria Eugenia (+1940)
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nationality italian
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1927
is nickname no
lifted lifted
weight (tons) 4601  grt
dimensions 122.2 x 16.3 x 7.7 m
material steel
engine 1 x 3 Cyl. Triple expansion engine, single shaft, 1 screw
power 417  n.h.p.
yard no. 223
about the loss
cause lost air raid
date lost 17/09/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
Craig, Taylor & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
engine by
Blair & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
last owner
[1]Soc. Esercizio Armamento, Genoa
SS Maria Eugenia (+1940)
period 1935 ~ 1940
prev. owners
[2]Soc. Esercizio Armamento, Genoa
SS Maria D'Al
period 1934 ~ 1935
[3]Cravos Charles & Co., Cardiff
SS Amplegarth
period 1933 ~ 1934
IMO/Off. no.: 148297
[4]Humphries Ltd. - Globe Shipping, Cardiff
SS Eastborough
period 1927 ~ 1933
IMO/Off. no.: 148297
about the wreck
depth (m.)
war grave
entered by Allen Tony
entered 04/04/2010
last update Vleggeert Nico
last update 02/09/2013
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  The Wreck today  
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  copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Chipchase Nick 
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Vleggeert Nico19/04/201117 Sep 1940:British Swordfish torpedo bombers from carrier HMS Illustrious attacked the port of Benghazi, Libya, bombing shipping and laying mines. Italian destroyer Borea was sunk by torpedoes and destroyer Aquilone was damaged by a mine. Italian merchant ships Gloria Stella and Maria Eugenia were also sunk.
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Allen Tony04/04/2010Maria Eugenia SS was an Italian cargo steamer of 4,601grt that was bombed by Allied forces on the 17th September 1940 and sunk at Benghazi. She was later refloated and broken up.
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About Builders
 Craig, Taylor & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
Construction of the yard was started in June 1884 when a seven acre sight was taken over by G B Craig and Thomas Herbert Taylor. The first ship built for this company was the "Saint Andrew" in 1885. One of the main type of ships built at this time were oil tankers, these were so designed that if the oil trade failed they could easily be converted to a normal cargo ship. By 1900 the yard had expanded to 12 acres and employed 1000 people at 6 berths. By 1908 the sight consisted of 8 berths, capable of building ships up to 7,500 tons . Over the years the yard continued to expand until the recession hit in the late 1920s. The last ship launched being the "Portregis" in December 1929 with a yard number of 227. The yard finally closed in 1931. Under the name "Stockton Construction Co." the yard was used during the Second World War to assemble a total of 238 tank landing craft which were pre-fabricated at other yards on the Tees.

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Blair & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
Blair & Co. was formed from the engine maker Fossick & Hackworth.
In 1855 George Blair was appointed manager and in the spring of 1865 he was made a partner and the company became Fossick, Blair & Co. when Hackworth retired. Fossick died in 1866 and the company became Blair & Co. Blair was responsible for the expansion of the works to specialise in marine engines.

At this time the company had 700 employees (later to rise to 2,000) and covered an area of seven and a half acres. The first compound marine engine on the Tees was built by Blair's in January 1869 and fitted to the "Glenmore" built by Backhouse & Dixon.

In 1884 the company produced its first triple expansion engine for the "Burgos" built by Richardson Duck. In 1887 the sheerlegs, which were to become a Stockton landmark for many years were errected at a cost of £2,695. These shearlegs were capable of lifting up to 100 tons and were sighted near the river to lift marine engines into newly built ships.

By 1914 almost 1,400 marine engines had been built. At least 340 for Pearse, and later Ropner, 240 for Richardson Duck and 103 for Thomas Turnbull at Whitby. A total of 75 engines were built during the First World War.

The company was taken over by Gould Steamships and Industrials in 1919.

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