british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Fiona (+1941)
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type passenger ship
propulsion steam
date built 1927
is nickname no
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 2190  grt
dimensions 85.3 x 13.3 x 5.7 m
material steel
engine 2x 3 cyl triple expansion engines, twin screws.
power 469  n.h.p.
speed 13  knots
about the loss
cause lost air raid
date lost 18/04/1941  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Wallsend
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
references
references
[1] Lloyd´s of London, Lloyd's Register of Shipping
[2] Hocking C., Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the Age of Steam
updates
entered by Vleggeert Nico
entered 18/03/2010
last update Vleggeert Nico
last update
 
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  History  
 
Vleggeert Nico18/03/2010The British passenger steamship Fiona (formerly the Juna, taken over by the Admiralty and renamed),was bombed by German Ju-87 aircraft and sank NW of Sidi Barini, Egypt.
ref. used: 
  wlb-stuttgart.de


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Wallsend
From: Janes Fighting Ships 1919

SWAN. HUNTER & WIGHAM RICHARDSON, LTD. (WALLSEND-ON-TYNE), Twenty-one building berths, fifteen of which are served by overhead electric cranes. Four berths covered in. Employees : about 8000. Annual gross shipbuilding capacity (1918) : 150,000 tons. Engine works : 100,000 H.P. output per year.

The dry docks dept, includes a large repairing yard with two graving docks and two floating docks. Engine works have developed the Neptune and Polar marine oil engines. Total area of works : 78 acres. Water frontage : 4000 ft. Shipyard also at Southwick-on-Wear, with three building berths. Allied firms are the Wallsend Slipway & Engineering Co., Ltd.. Wallsend ; Barclay. Curle & Co., Ltd., of Whiteinch, Govan. Elderslie and Glasgow.


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