panamanian SS Struma (Струма) (+1942)
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nationality panamanian
purpose transport (prev. leisure)
type cargo ship (ex-yacht)
subtype/class livestock cargo ship
propulsion sail and motor
date built 1867
live live
weight (tons) 226  grt
dimensions 44.7 x 5.7 x -- m
material iron
engine 3 cyl motor engine, 2 masts (originally 3 masts, schooner rigged)
power 250 
speed knots
yard no. 217
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 23/02/1942  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.768rank: 153
about people
Palmer's Shipbuilding & Iron Co. Ltd., Newcastle-Upon-Tyne
engine by
Benz & Cie., Mannheim
last owner
[1]Pandelis Jean D. - Compania Mediterranea de Vapores, Constanta
SS Struma (Струма) (+1942)
period 1941 ~ 1942
prev. owners
[2]Nenkov Dimiter, Varna
SS Makedoniya
period 1932 ~ 1941
[3]Milonas Georgios
SS Esperos
period --- ~ 1932
[4]Thracian Coastal Line - Thrakki Atmoploia
SS Kafireus
period 1916 ~ ---
[5]Phipps J. L.
SS Sea Maid
period 1898 ~ 1902
[6]Paget (Lord)
SS Xantha
period 1867 ~ ---
captain George T. Gorbatenkoin
about the wreck
status dead (not found)
depth (m.)
war grave yes
entered by Allen Tony
entered 02/02/2010
last update Lettens Jan
last update 17/08/2014
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Allen Tony02/02/2010Struma was a ship chartered to carry Jewish refugees from Axis-allied Romania to British-controlled Palestine during World War II. On 23 February 1942, with its engine inoperable, the ship was towed from Istanbul through the Bosporus out to the Black Sea by Turkish authorities with its refugee passengers aboard, where it was left adrift.

Within hours, it was torpedoed and sunk by the Soviet submarine SC-213 on 24 February, killing 768 men, women and children, with only one survivor. It has been called "largest naval civilian disaster of the war"
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About Builders
 Palmer's Shipbuilding & Iron Co. Ltd., Newcastle-Upon-Tyne
Original founders: Brothers Charles Mark and George Palmer from Jarrow, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne. - - - Charles Palmer established a yard at Jarrow in 1851 and built its first iron collier 'The John Bowes' in the following year. It was the first ever sea-going screw collier and was built for shipping coal to London.
Palmers were also famed for building the first rolled armour plates for warships in 1854.

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