italian Italian Royal Navy - Regia Marina (1861-1946) RM Vittorio Alfieri (AF) (+1941)
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nationality italian
purpose war
type destroyer
subtype/class Oriani class destroyer
Oriani class destroyer Giosue Carducci RM (CD) (+1941)
propulsion steam
date built 1937
weight (tons) 1559  gross tonnage  [*]
dimensions 106.7 x 10.15 x 3.42 m
material steel [*]
engine 2 shaft Parsons type steam turbines 3 Thornycroft type boilers
armament 4 × 120 mm (4.7 in) guns (2×2) 4 × 37 mm AA guns (2×2) 6 × 13.2 mm machine guns 6 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes (2×3) 56 mines
power 48000  h.p.
speed 38  knots
about the loss
cause lost naval battle
date lost 28/03/1941  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.210rank: 419
about people
Odero Terni Orlando (OTO), Muggiano
Italian Royal Navy - Regia Marina (1861-1946)
captain Capitano Di Vascello Salvatore Toscano.
complement 207
about the wreck
depth (m.)
war grave
entered by Pablobini
entered 16/12/2009
last update Pablobini
last update 02/08/2012

[*] means that the value was inherited from Giosue Carducci RM (CD) (+1941), the reference for Oriani class destroyer.
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Lettens Jan22/10/2010On 29 March, in the battle of Cape Matapan, under commander Capitano di Vascello Luigi Corsi, the Zara was escorting the battleship Vittorio Veneto , which had been damaged by an aerial torpedo and slowed down, to Italy.

The Zara class cruiser, Pola was damaged by a torpedo from a British aircraft, and was also obliged to slow down and later stop. The remainder of the Italian force headed towards home ports, leaving the ship, but at the coming of night, the Zara together with her sister-ship Fiume and four destroyers (Oriani, Vittorio Alfieri, Giosue Carducci and Gioberti) of the IX Squadriglia were dispatched to the Pola.

In a night action the Italian cruisers were taken by surprise by the radar-equipped British vessels. Three British battleships, Barham, Valiant and Warspite, firing from as close a distance as 2,000 m comprehensively outgunned the cruisers.

Zara and Fiume were struck several times within five minutes. Unable to recover the ship, the commander ordered the crew to scuttle and abandon Zara. The Fiume and the ship they had come back for, the Pola, and two destroyers, Vittorio Alfieri and Giosue Carducci, were also sunk.
Lettens Jan02/08/2012BATTLE OF MATAPAN

During the battle of Matapan, the British Navy ships WARSPITE, BARHAM, VALIANT and FORMIDABLE managed to sink heavy cruisers POLA, FIUME, ZARA and destroyers VITTORIO ALFIERI and GIOSUE CARDUCCI.

The Italian plan Operation Gaudo called for a strong naval force to patrol the area in the Mediterranean, sinking any British convoys or escort warships it might encounter. Battleship Vittorio Veneto, six heavy cruisers and 2 light cruisers and a number of destroyers were engaged in the operation.

The Italians, missing air cover and having no radar, seriously underestimated the British power in the Mediterranean and when they returned for Toranto, they nearly escaped with minor damage. However, when POLA was damaged by an aerial torpedo, the entire 1st Cruiser Division (cruisers Fiume and Zara, destroyers Vittorio Alfieri, Giosue Carducci, Vincenzo Gioberti and Alfredo Oriani) was requested to return to help the POLA, who was damaged by an aerial torpedo. They ran right into the entire British force.

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