british Cunard Steamship Co. Ltd. - British & North American RMSP Co - Cunard White Star Line SS Andania [+1918]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1913
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 13405  grt
dimensions 158.5 x 19.5 x 14 m
engine 2 x Quadruple expansion, twin screw.
power 1324  n.h.p.
speed 15  knots
yard no. 446
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 27/01/1918  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.7rank: 656
about people
builder
Scott Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. - John & Robert Scott, Greenock
owner
Cunard Steamship Co. Ltd. - British & North American RMSP Co - Cunard White Star Line, Liverpool
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.) 189 max. / 175 min. (m)
orientation 85°
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 01/10/2009
last update Allen Tony
last update 07/10/2011
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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Lettens Jan01/10/2009

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 UK Hydrographic Office


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  History  
 
Lettens Jan31/10/2012SS Andania, built by Scotts' Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., Greenock in 1913 and owned at the time of her loss by Cunard Steamship Co. Ltd., Liverpool, was a British passenger steamer.

On January 27th, 1918, Andania, on a voyage from Liverpol to New York with passengers and a cargo of silverware and diamonds, was sunk by the German submarine U-46 (Leo Hillebrand), 2 miles NNE of Rathlin Island, North Channel. 7 persons were lost.
Allen Tony19/03/2009The Cunard liner Andania SS was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-46 (Leo Hillebrand), two miles N.N.E. of Rathlin Island lighthouse on January 27th, 1918 when on route from Liverpool for New York with passengers and a general cargo. Seven persons were killed. The captain was among the survivors.
ref. used 
 Hocking C., Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the Age of Steam
Lettens Jan04/04/2013UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office
Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office


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About Owners
 
Cunard Steamship Co. Ltd. - British & North American RMSP Co - Cunard White Star Line, Liverpool

Abraham Cunard, an American loyalist of German extraction, moved north to Canada after the War of Independence. His son Samuel became one of the leading businessmen in Halifax, Nova Scotia. He was awarded the Admiralty contract to carry mail by steam ship across the North Atlantic and to carry out the agreement founded the British and North American Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. . The mail service was inaugurated by 'Britannia' in 1840. In the 1850s the company extended its services to take on a Liverpool-Mediterranean route. In the early 1870s Cunard's supremacy in the North Atlantic was challenged by the White Star Line ; this revitalized the company's performance and it embarked on a programme of new building.


The North Atlantic Companies were hard hit by the 1930s recession and in 1934 Cunard took over White Star to form the Cunard White Star Line . Competition from air travel led to passenger retrenchment from the 1960s. The 'Queen Mary' and 'Queen Elizabeth' were sold but the company launched a new liner, the 'Queen Elizabeth 2' in 1969. In the 1970s the company diversified into cargo carrying. It is at present part of the American Carnival Corporation, with a fleet of three ships, cruising worldwide, including on its traditional transatlantic route.

Lloyd's reference: 1751


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SS Andania [+1918]
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