british Allan, Black & Co. - Albyn Line SS Thistlegorm [+1941]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1940
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 4898  grt
dimensions 131.6 x 17.7 x 7.6 m
material steel
engine 3 cyl. triple expansion engine by North East Marine Engineering, England.
armament 1 x 4.7" gun
power 362  n.h.p.
speed 10  knots
yard no. 599
call sign
GLWQ  
GLWQ
about the loss
cause lost air raid
other reasons explosion
date lost 06/10/1941  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.9rank: 653
about people
builder
Thompson Joseph L. & Sons, Sunderland
engine by
North Eastern Marine Engineers Ltd., Sunderland
owner
Allan, Black & Co. - Albyn Line, Sunderland
captain Captain William Ellis
about the wreck
depth (m.) 31 max. / 10 min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 10/09/2007
last update Racey Carl
last update 25/02/2013
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan10/09/2007
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
ref. used
[1] Middleton Ned
[2]  touregypt.net/vdc/..
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  The Wreck today  
 

Divemaster11/04/2008

The Thistlegorm is probably the most dived shipwreck in the entire world, Unfortunatley it's popularity is also it's downfall, Since the Thistlegorm was discovered in the 50's By Jacque Cousteau, Heavy traffic from dive boats have caused the ship to deteriate rapidly due to the dive boats tying their morring lines onto it.
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 Sean Kelly


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  Pictures  
 
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 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu    
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Steve Green   
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Sean Kelly copyright: Sean Kelly copyright: Sean Kelly 
 
 copyright: Woodym555 copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
  copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu  
 
 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Lettens Jan10/09/2007Thistlegorm SS; by Joseph Thompson & Sons of Sunderland; June 1940; 126.5m; 4.898 gross tonnes; triple-expansion; 3 cylinder; 365 nhp;

Introduction
Thistlegorm SS was one of a number of Thistle ships owned and operated by the Albyn Line. She was destined for war duties however and was equipped with an additional armoured Gun Deckand only an old 4·7" gun.

The voyage
In May 1941, the Thistlegorm was in her home port of Glasgow loading supplies essential for the 8th Army: Land Mines, Shells, Ammunition, Weapons, Bedford Trucks, Armoured Cars, Bren-Carriers, BSA Motorcycles, Trailers, Vehicle spares, Aircraft and Aircraft parts, Radios, Rubber thigh-boots, 2 sets of railway engines....

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ref. used: 
[1] Middleton Ned
[2]  touregypt.net/vdc/..


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  Documents  
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About Builders
 Thompson Joseph L. & Sons, Sunderland
Joseph L. Thompson and Sons of Sunderland was established in 1846 by Robert Thompson. They became the largest and most famous of all the shipbuilding yards. Based in North Sands and located in an arc around to the North dock. Thompson set up the company at North Sands with his three sons and manufactured their first small sailing ship. In 1854 Thompson's son of the same name left the company to set up his own yard: Robert Thompson and Sons. The yard changed its name to Joseph L. Thompson in February 1871. Joseph L. Thompson retired in 1875 and his three sons Robert, Joseph Lowes and Charles carried on the business. In 1954 the yard became a subsidiary of Sunderland Shipbuilding, Dry Dock and Engineering Co. This was made up of the Thompson, Laing and Crown yards and the repairer T. W. Greenwell and Co. In 1961 the company changed its name to Doxford and Sunderland Shipbuilding and Engineering Co. ---- J. L. Thompson’s yard was finally closed in 1979, although the fitting out quay was used by Doxford’s and Laing’s. The last ever launch took place at the North Sands yard on 24th May 1979.

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North Eastern Marine Engineers Ltd., Sunderland
North Eastern Marine Engineering Co of South Docks, Sunderland was formed in 1860. Engine builders in Sunderland and Wallsend, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. By 1889 the company's works at Sunderland and Wallsend have supplied 100 vessels afloat with their triples fitted. In 1925 sees the Application of Superheated Steam to Marine Engines at both Wallsend and Sunderland. Also now manufacturing marine engines, turbines, marine oil engines, boilers, condensers, feed and ballast pumps, evaporators, feed-water cleaners and heaters, circulating pumps etc. In 1938 became North Eastern Marine Engineers Co. (1938) Ltd., Sunderland.

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  Movies  
 
Lettens Jan  06/10/2014
Diving the Thistlegorm
copyrights
 Tottodiver
Diving the Thistlegorm
6:00
Diving the Thistlegorm
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan10/09/2007Thistlegorm SS; by Joseph Thompson & Sons of Sunderland; June 1940; 126.5m; 4.898 gross tonnes; triple-expansion; 3 cylinder; 365 nhp;

Introduction
Thistlegorm SS was one of a number of Thistle ships owned and operated by the Albyn Line. She was destined for war duties however and was equipped with an additional armoured Gun Deckand only an old 4·7" gun.

The voyage
In May 1941, the Thistlegorm was in her home port of Glasgow loading supplies essential for the 8th Army: Land Mines, Shells, Ammunition, Weapons, Bedford Trucks, Armoured Cars, Bren-Carriers, BSA Motorcycles, Trailers, Vehicle spares, Aircraft and Aircraft parts, Radios, Rubber thigh-boots, 2 sets of railway engines.

On 2nd June 1941, SS Thistlegorm (Captain William Ellis) departed for her last voyage from Glasgow, joined by a large convoy and instead of taking the Mediterranean route, she rounded via South Africa for safety reasons. The Convoy proceeded along the east coast of Africa before finally entering the Red Sea, Gulf of Suez.

At this time, however, two vessels had collided further up the Gulf of Suez and were virtually blocking the entire entrance to the Canal. This led to the SS Thistlegorm, remaining at anchor for a full two weeks.

The attack
At 2250 hours on 5th October 1941 two twin-engine Heinkels He 111´s crossed the north Egyptian coast heading south-east in search of a big ship, her presence being confirmed by German intelligence. Just as they were on the point of returning home, one of the pilots spotted a ship at anchor. As he approached the bows of the Thistlegorm, he released two bombs right over her bridge. Both bombs penetrated aft of the bridge, detonating a great deal of ammunition. The resultant explosion sent the two locomotives spiralling into the air as the ship was ripped open.

The sinking
The vessel began to sink and the crew quickly abandoned ship. She sank at 0130 hrs 6th October 1941. The crew was rescued HMS Carlisle and then taken to Suez. 4 crew memebers and 5 of the 9 Royal Navy ratings had lost their lives.
ref. used: 
[1] Middleton Ned
[2]  touregypt.net/vdc/..
 
 
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SS Thistlegorm [+1941]
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