british British India Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. - BISN HMS Rohna (+1943)
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type passenger ship
propulsion steam
date built 1926
is nickname no
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 8602  grt
dimensions 145.2 x 18.8 x 9.1 m
material steel
engine 2 x 4 Cylinder quadruple expansion, dual shaft, 2 screws
armament 12 pounder HA/LA main gun, •3 x 20 mm Anti Aircraft guns, 4 x 0.5 in (2x2) machine guns
power 5000  i.h.p.
speed 14.3  knots
yard no. 542
IMO/Off. no. 149745
call sign
GMSF  
GMSF
about the loss
cause lost air raid
date lost 26/11/1943  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.1138rank: 86
about people
builder
Hawthorn Leslie & Co. Ltd. - R & W Hawthorn, Hebburn-On-Tyne (Newcastle)
engine by
Hawthorn Leslie & Co. Ltd. - R & W Hawthorn, Hebburn-On-Tyne (Newcastle)
owner
British India Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. - BISN, London
captain Murphy
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 10/07/2009
last update Vleggeert Nico
last update 11/04/2013
 
  Position  
 
Vleggeert Nico27/03/2012
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  History  
 
Allen Tony27/01/2010His Majesty´s Troopship Rohna (named after a village in Sonipat, Punjab, in India) was a troop ship carrying U.S. troops that was sunk by the an air attack of the Luftwaffe during World War II, on 26 November 1943. The ship sank in the Mediterranean north of Béjaïa, Algeria.The ship was part of convoy KMF-26 (Annex) travelling east from Oran to the Far East via the Suez Canal.Of the 1,138 men lost, 1,015 were American.

The attack still constitutes the largest loss of U.S. troops at sea. A further 35 American troops of the 2,000 originally on board later died of wounds. As well as the troops, five ship officers and 117 ratings (out of 200) died, along with 11 of the 12 gunners on board and one hospital orderly.The heavy loss was in part due to a flotilla of seven empty large landing craft ( LCI(L)) failing to stop to pick up survivors, for which the commanding officer was relieved of his command.[citation needed] However, 606 survivors were rescued by the minesweeper USS Pioneer. [2]The details of the loss were revealed slowly over time and were only released in full in 1967 following the introduction of the Freedom of Information Act. However, already by February 1944 the US government had acknowledged that over 1000 soldiers had been lost in the sinking of an unnamed troopship in European waters, though it hinted at the time that a submarine was responsible....

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About Owners
 
British India Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. - BISN, London

Registered in 1856 as the Calcutta & Burmah Steam Navigation Co. and in 1862 became British India Steam Navigation Co. Ltd. In 1886 B.I. took control of the Australian S.N. Co. and their coastal services out of Brisbane. This became Australasian United S.N. Co. Apcar & Co., Calcutta with their fleet of five ships was taken over in 1912 and the five ships and the Australian company of Archibald Currie was absorbed in 1913. B.I. and P & O Steam Navigation Co. merged in 1914 but each kept their separate identities until 1971 when all ships came under the parent P&O company.

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About Builders
 Hawthorn Leslie & Co. Ltd. - R & W Hawthorn, Hebburn-On-Tyne (Newcastle)
Extracted from "Jane's Fighting Ships for 1919"

Hawthorn Leslie.

R. & W. HAWTHORN, LESLIE & CO., LTD. (HEBBURN YARD, HEBBURN-ON-TYNE). Twelve slips up to 700 ft. long. One dock : 460 x 68 x 21 ft. on blocks. 26 ft. draught of quay at low water. Engine department of 150,000 I.H.P. per annum. Designers and builders of cruisers, destroyers and other warship types. Engine every type of war vessel. Builders of locomotives for main line service and works. Employees: 6-7,000.



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  History  
 
Allen Tony27/01/2010His Majesty´s Troopship Rohna (named after a village in Sonipat, Punjab, in India) was a troop ship carrying U.S. troops that was sunk by the an air attack of the Luftwaffe during World War II, on 26 November 1943. The ship sank in the Mediterranean north of Béjaïa, Algeria.The ship was part of convoy KMF-26 (Annex) travelling east from Oran to the Far East via the Suez Canal.Of the 1,138 men lost, 1,015 were American.

The attack still constitutes the largest loss of U.S. troops at sea. A further 35 American troops of the 2,000 originally on board later died of wounds. As well as the troops, five ship officers and 117 ratings (out of 200) died, along with 11 of the 12 gunners on board and one hospital orderly.The heavy loss was in part due to a flotilla of seven empty large landing craft ( LCI(L)) failing to stop to pick up survivors, for which the commanding officer was relieved of his command.[citation needed] However, 606 survivors were rescued by the minesweeper USS Pioneer. [2]The details of the loss were revealed slowly over time and were only released in full in 1967 following the introduction of the Freedom of Information Act. However, already by February 1944 the US government had acknowledged that over 1000 soldiers had been lost in the sinking of an unnamed troopship in European waters, though it hinted at the time that a submarine was responsible.

By June 1945, the government had provided accurate casualty figures, the ship had been identified by name as Rohna, and the cause of the sinking had been identified as German bombers. This account did not mention the fa ct that a guided missile was responsible.The sinking was done with a Henschel Hs 293 radio-controlled glide bomb, launched and controlled by a Heinkel 177 bomber piloted by Hans Dochtermann. HMT Rohna was not the first casualty of a guided missile, however, as the British HMS Egret was sunk with the loss of 198 men on 27 August the same year by a Henschel Hs 293. Additional ships sunk by Hs 293 missiles prior to Rohna include HMHS Newfoundland, HMS LST-79, SS James W.

Marshall, HMS Rockwood, HMS BYMS-72, HMS Dulverton and MV Marsa.A memorial to the sinking was unveiled at the Fort Mitchell National Cemetery in Seale, Alabama in 1996.
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