british Anchor Line Ltd. - Henderson Bros. RMS Caledonia (+1916)
report an error
       
  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type ocean liner
propulsion steam
date built 1904
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 9223  grt
dimensions 152.4 x 17.7 x 10.18 m
material steel
engine 2 x 3 cyl. triple expansion engines, dual shaft, 2 screws
power 1060  n.h.p.
speed 16.5  knots
yard no. 438
IMO/Off. no. 121218
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 04/12/1916  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.1rank: 670
about people
builder
Henderson D. & W. & Co. Ltd., Meadowside
owner
Anchor Line Ltd. - Henderson Bros., Glasgow
captain Blaikie, James
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Vleggeert Nico
entered 14/04/2009
last update Lettens Jan
last update 21/05/2013
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan04/12/2010
latitudehydro member
longitudehydro member
remarksCalculated as '125 mile E x S [101.25°] from MALTA'.
AIShydro member
mark add position to my marks (+/-5miles)
dist. homeportdist. homeport
position disp.
show neighbour. wrecks members only
insert new position
 
  The Wreck today  
 
insert wreck site info
 
  Movies  
  insert new movie  
 
  Pictures  
 
 
  copyright: espace-antipodes.c.. copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu    
 
insert new picture
 
  History  
 
Lettens Jan04/12/2010RMS Caledonia, built by D. & W. Henderson & Co. Ltd., Glasgow in 1904 and owned at the time of her loss by Anchor Line (Henderson Bros.), Ltd., Glasgow, was a British passenger steamer of 9223 tons.

On December 4th, 1916, Caledonia, on a voyage from Salonica to Marseille with mail, was sunk by the German submarine U-65 (Hermann von Fischel), 125 miles ExS from Malta. 1 person was lost.
Allen Tony27/04/2009The Caledonia SS was requisitioned by the British Government upon the outbreak of war in 1914. Her passenger accommodation in peace-time was for 1,450 persons, but her carrying capacity for war purposes was assessed at 3,074 troops and 212 horses.

For more than two years she served in various parts of the world but met her fate in the Mediterranean on December 5th, 1916. When 125 miles E. of Malta she encountered the German submarine U-65, which torpedoed her without warning.

The captain, Capt. James Blaikie, attempted to sink the submarine by ramming and actually succeeded in striking her. Capt. Blaikie was taken prisoner by the Germans, and his fate would have undoubtedly been that of Capt. Fryatt of the ship Brussels had not the British Government let it be known to the German authorities, through the U.S. Ambassador at Berlin, that a German officer prisoner would be shot in retribution should Capt. Blaikie be executed. This firm attitude impressed the Germans and Blaikie was sent to an officers´ prison camp at Friedberg.
ref. used: 
 Hocking C., Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the Age of Steam
Vleggeert Nico14/04/2009The British passenger steamer Caledonia was torpedoed and sunk by U-65, 125 miles ExS of Malta on passage Salonica for Marseille.
ref. used: 
  uboat.net


insert new history
 
  Documents  
  insert new document  
About Builders
 Henderson D. & W. & Co. Ltd., Meadowside
D & W Henderson's Meadowside Shipyard was originally developed by Tod & MacGregor. David and William Henderson, who owned a marine engineering works in Finnieston, bought the yard in 1873. The Henderson brothers were also partners in the Anchor Line, for whom they built thirty-two ships between 1876 and 1911, as well as undertaking considerable repair work. Another regular customer was the Liverpool firm of Lamport & Holt, which placed orders for nineteen ships. They also built prestigious racing yachts, including Britannia for the Prince of Wales in 1893. - Harland & Wolff bought the ordinary shares of D & W Henderson in 1917 and took over the management in 1919. The firm launched its last ship in 1935, after which it ceased trading.

read more
 
 
The World
pref. Google
 
 
WRECKS: DISABLED zoom out zoom in view full chart
chart
RMS Caledonia (+1916)
The World
More charts
Sicilia to Nisos Kriti Cap Bon to Ra's Al Tin Mediterranean The World
 
 
  Update statistics  
 
  Advertisement  
 
advertise
 
   
  search  
 
You may consider access to
search wreck
show prev. names
A-Z search
 
search chart:
chart catalogue
 
search owner/builder: