british Anchor Line Ltd. - Henderson Bros. RMS Caledonia (+1916)
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nationality british
purpose transport
type ocean liner
propulsion steam
date built 1904
weight (tons) 9223  grt
dimensions 152.4 x 17.7 x 10.18 m
material steel
engine 2 x 3 cyl. triple expansion engines, dual shaft, 2 screws
power 1060  n.h.p.
speed 16.5  knots
yard no. 438
IMO/Off. no. 121218
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 04/12/1916  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.1rank: 669
about people
Henderson D. & W. & Co. Ltd., Meadowside
Anchor Line Ltd. - Henderson Bros., Glasgow
captain Blaikie, James
about the wreck
depth (m.)
war grave
entered by Vleggeert Nico
entered 14/04/2009
last update Lettens Jan
last update 21/05/2013
Lettens Jan04/12/2010
latitudehydro member
longitudehydro member
remarksCalculated as '125 mile E x S [101.25°] from MALTA'.
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Lettens Jan04/12/2010RMS Caledonia, built by D. & W. Henderson & Co. Ltd., Glasgow in 1904 and owned at the time of her loss by Anchor Line (Henderson Bros.), Ltd., Glasgow, was a British passenger steamer of 9223 tons.

On December 4th, 1916, Caledonia, on a voyage from Salonica to Marseille with mail, was sunk by the German submarine U-65 (Hermann von Fischel), 125 miles ExS from Malta. 1 person was lost.
Allen Tony27/04/2009The Caledonia SS was requisitioned by the British Government upon the outbreak of war in 1914. Her passenger accommodation in peace-time was for 1,450 persons, but her carrying capacity for war purposes was assessed at 3,074 troops and 212 horses.

For more than two years she served in various parts of the world but met her fate in the Mediterranean on December 5th, 1916. When 125 miles E. of Malta she encountered the German submarine U-65, which torpedoed her without warning.

The captain, Capt. James Blaikie, attempted to sink the submarine by ramming and actually succeeded in striking her. Capt. Blaikie was taken prisoner by the Germans, and his fate would have undoubtedly been that of Capt. Fryatt of the ship Brussels had not the British Government let it be known to the German authorities, through the U.S. Ambassador at Berlin, that a German officer prisoner would be shot in retribution should Capt. Blaikie be executed. This firm attitude impressed the Germans and Blaikie was sent to an officers´ prison camp at Friedberg.
ref. used: 
 Hocking C., Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the Age of Steam
Vleggeert Nico14/04/2009The British passenger steamer Caledonia was torpedoed and sunk by U-65, 125 miles ExS of Malta on passage Salonica for Marseille.
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About Builders
 Henderson D. & W. & Co. Ltd., Meadowside
D & W Henderson's Meadowside Shipyard was originally developed by Tod & MacGregor. David and William Henderson, who owned a marine engineering works in Finnieston, bought the yard in 1873. The Henderson brothers were also partners in the Anchor Line, for whom they built thirty-two ships between 1876 and 1911, as well as undertaking considerable repair work. Another regular customer was the Liverpool firm of Lamport & Holt, which placed orders for nineteen ships. They also built prestigious racing yachts, including Britannia for the Prince of Wales in 1893. - Harland & Wolff bought the ordinary shares of D & W Henderson in 1917 and took over the management in 1919. The firm launched its last ship in 1935, after which it ceased trading.

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