american Us Navy - United States Navy USS Lexington (CV-2) (+1942)
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general
nationality american
purpose war
type aircraft carrier
subtype/class Lexington class aircraft carrier (am.)
Lexington class aircraft carrier (am.) Saratoga USS (CV-3) (+1946)
propulsion steam and electric
date built 1921
is nickname no
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 51750  disp (surf)
dimensions 270.7 x 32.2 x 7.4 m
material steel, armoured
engine 16 × boilers at 300 psi (2.1 MPa) Geared turbines and electric drive, 4 shafts
armament 4 × twin 8-inch (200 mm) 55 caliber guns, 12 × single 5-inch (130 mm) guns, 91 aircraft
power 180000  s.h.p.
speed 34.5  knots
about the loss
cause lost air raid
other reasons [1] torpedo
[2] scuttled
date lost 07/05/1942  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.216rank: 413
about people
builder
Fore River Shipbuilding & Engineering Co., Quincy (Massachusetts)
owner
Us Navy - United States Navy
captain Sherman, Frederick C.
complement 2122 [*]
no. of crew 2975
no. of passengers 0
about the wreck
status dead (not found)
depth (m.)
orientation
protected yes
war grave yes
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 31/08/2007
last update Allen Tony
last update 07/05/2014


[*] means that the value was inherited from Saratoga USS (CV-3) (+1946), the reference for Lexington class aircraft carrier (am.).
 
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[1] Allen Tony26/05/2008
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan31/08/2007Lexington, an American aircraft carrier was sunk 7th May 1942 by torpedoes and bombs from the Japanese Navy. She first seemed to survive the bombing, but after a series of internal explosions, the ship was doomed. At noon, the troops were evacuated and the ship was then scuttled by 5 torpedoes. De battle of the ´Coral Sea´ was the first battle ´behind the horizon´, in which the ships themselves we re out of sight of each other.

All attacks were done by the planes. Yorktown was also damaged, but survived this attack.
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About Owners
 
Us Navy - United States Navy

John Paul Jones - An American Naval Hero and known as father of the American Navy.

John Paul was born in a gardener's cottage in Kirkbean, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. He went to sea as a youth and was a merchant shipmaster by the age of twenty-one. After killing a mutinous sailor at Tobago he added 'Jones' to his name and began a new life in America. He volunteered early in the War of Independence to serve in his adopted country's infant navy, and managed to obtain a lieutenant's commission in the Continental Navy.

He took the war to the enemy's homeland with daring raids along the British coast and the famous victory of the BONHOMME RICHARD over the HMS SERAPIS. After the BONHOMME RICHARD began taking on water and fires broke out on board, the British commander asked Jones if he had struck his flag. Jones replied, "I have not yet begun to fight!" In the end, it was the British commander who surrendered. Jones is now remembered for his indomitable will, his unwillingness to consider surrender when the slightest hope of victory still burned.

In 1781 he returned to America and Congress passed a vote of thanks to him for the way he had sustained the honour of the American fleet and in 1787 awarded him a gold medal. He also received a gold sword and the Order of Military Merit from Louis XVI.

Throughout his naval career Jones promoted professional standards and training. He spent the remaining years of the war advising on the establishment of the navy and the training of naval officers.

In 1792 Jones was appointed U.S. Consul to Algiers, but in July of that year he died before the commission arrived. He was buried in Paris and his body lay in an alcohol filled coffin in an unmarked grave for over a century. In 1905 his remains were found and taken to the United States where, in 1913, they were finally laid to rest in a marble sarcophagus in the U.S. Naval Academy Chapel at Annapolis, Maryland

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About Builders
 Fore River Shipbuilding & Engineering Co., Quincy (Massachusetts)
The Quincy shipyard was started by Alexander Graham Bell's famous assistant, Thomas A. Watson, in 1886, as The Fore River Engine Company. It was originally located in East Braintree but soon moved to Quincy and became The Fore River Ship & Engine Company. It was one of the world's great shipbuilders. The company was sold to Bethlehem Steel in 1913 and in World War One operated an emergency facility at Squantum Point to build destroyers. Along with only a handful of other large yards, it remained in full operation between the wars. Its capabilities were expanded at the start of the World War Two emergency, with an injection of $21mm from the Navy. It operated an emergency facility in World War Two as well: this one, at Hingham, built landing craft, DEs and LSTs - see its table here. At its peak, the yard employed 32,000 people. The shipyard continued as both a merchant and a naval shipbuilder after the war but was not successful, even when Bethlehem's other yards were doing well, and Bethlehem sold it to General Dynamics in 1963. (Note that Bethlehem's last hull number was 1691: GD started again at hull #1, always an unlucky thing to do.) GD invested heavily and concentrated on naval shipbuilding, but they couldn't make money there either: they closed the yard in 1986 and sold the property to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. A start-up company called Massachusetts Heavy Industries bought it in 1997 and partially modernized it, with the aid of Title XI financing rammed down MARAD's throat by the Massachusetts congressional delegation. This company, which had no idea what it was doing, went bankrupt in 1999 before it could complete the modernization and the yard became MARAD's. It was sold at auction in January 2003 to a used-car dealer for $9 million and has now been liquidated.

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