french Marine Nationale Française - French Navy Albatros (+1942)
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  Details  
 
general
nationality french
purpose war
type destroyer
propulsion steam
date built 1930
status
unknown
details
weight (tons)  
dimensions
material steel
engine
power  
speed  
about the loss
cause lost naval battle
date lost 08/11/1942  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
Ateliers & Chantiers De La Loire, Nantes
owner
Marine Nationale Française - French Navy
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 13/03/2009
last update Lettens Jan
last update 26/12/2009
 
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan08/11/2009On November 8th, 1942, French (Vichy) North Africa is invaded in Operation TORCH. Allied Expeditionary Force under the supreme command of Lieutenant General Dwight D. Eisenhower, USA, lands at Casablanca, Oran, and Algiers.

U.S. naval vessels and carrier aircraft engage French naval forces at Casablanca, Morocco. On the morning of 8 November, French force (Rear Admiral Gervais de Lafonde) makes a valiant attempt to disrupt the landings off Casablanca, but is overwhelmed.

French ships sunk at Casablanca are merchant passenger liner Savoie Marseille and cargo ship Ile de Edienruder by Massachusetts; destroyer Fougueux by Massachusetts and heavy cruiser Tuscaloosa (CA-37); destroyer Boulonnais by light cruiser Brooklyn (CL-40) at 33°40´N, 07°34´W; destroyers Brestois and Frondeur by U.S. ships; Light cruiser Primauguet and destroyers Albatros and Milan survive, but are forced to beach. Submarines Oréade, Amphitrite, Argonaute and La Psyché by U.S. Navy carrier-based planes; submarine Sidi Ferruch by planes (VGS-27) from aircraft escort vessel Suwannee (AVG-27); and merchant passenger liner Porthos, tanker Ile d Ouessant, and cargo ships Lipari, Ville du Havre and Saint Blaize and trawler Sentinelle.
ref. used 
 Cressman R. J., Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII
Allen Tony13/03/2009The French destroyer Albatros, Capt. de Frig. Peries, was stationed at Casablanca and participated in the defence of that port when the American forces made their landing on November 8th, 1942. The fighting was bitter and the French naval losses were extremely heavy. At about 8.20 a.m. in company with five other destroyers the Albatros made a sortie from the harbour to attack American landing-craf t going in W. of Cape Fedhala.

The attempt failed and most of the destroyers were sunk by the guns of the American heavy ships. The Albatros was hit in quick succession by the guns of the U.S. cruisers Augusta, Tuscaloosa and Wichita, followed by bombs amidships from aircraft of the U.S. carrier Ranger. She was finally run ashore in a sinking condition outside the harbour. Of her complement often officers and 230 ratings 25 were killed and 80 were wounded.
ref. used 
 Hocking C., Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the Age of Steam


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