american Us Navy - United States Navy USS Bismarck Sea (CVE-95) (+1945)
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nationality american
purpose war
type aircraft carrier
subtype/class Casablanca class escort carrier (am.)
propulsion steam
date built 1944
weight (tons) 10400  disp (surf)
dimensions 156.2 x 19.8 x 6.9 m
material steel
engine 2 × 5-cylinder reciprocating Skinner Unaflow engines, 4 × 285 psi boilers, 2 shafts
armament 1 × 5 inch/38 caliber gun, 16 × 40 mm Bofors guns (8×2), 20 × 20 mm Oerlikon cannons, 28 aircraft
power 9000  s.h.p.
speed 19  knots
yard no. 341
call sign
about the loss
cause lost air raid
date lost 21/02/1945  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.318rank: 334
about people
Kaiser Shipbuilding Co. - Oregon Shipbuilding Corp. - Kaiser Cargo Inc.
Us Navy - United States Navy
complement 923
about the wreck
depth (m.)
war grave
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 07/03/2009
last update Gothro Phil
last update 22/12/2011
[1] Lettens Jan07/03/2009
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ref. used
 Cressman R. J., Official Chronology of the U.S. Navy in WWII
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Lettens Jan07/03/2009On 21st February 1945, off Iwo Jima, Japanese kamikazes sink escort carrier Bismarck Sea (CVE-95), 24°36´N, 141°48´E.

Despite damaging gunfire, two Japanese suicide planes hit and started uncontrollable fires and set off ammunition. All efforts to save the ship were halted by the exploding ammunition and she sank in 90 minutes with the loss of 318 men.

In the same attack, the kamilazes damage carrier Saratoga (CV-3), 24°56´N, 142°01´E (Saratoga is also hit by a bomb); escort carrier Lunga Point (CVE-94), 24°40´N, 141°44´E; tank landing ships LST-477, 24°40´N, 141°44´E, and LST-809, 24°08´N, 142°06´E; and net cargo ship Keokuk (AKN-4), 24°36´N, 141°48´E.
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[1] Cressman R. J. et al.
Allen Tony16/08/2008USS Bismark Sea (CVE-95) was a 10,982 ton escort carrier was launched in 1944 under the name ´Alikula Bay ´ and later renamed Bismark Sea. Joined the US 7th Fleet and saw action off Leyte and in the Lingayen Gulf landings. While taking part in the Iwo Jima invasion, the Bismark Sea (Captain J.L. Pratt) was attacked by three Japanese kamakazi planes from the island of Kyushu, Japan. One of the planes crashed onto her deck, the other two were shot down.

An explosion in her ammunition store caused uncontrollable fires and in spite of all efforts of her crew to save the ship, the carrier sank ninety minutes later. Of her complement of 860, a total of 318 men lost their lives.
ref. used: 
 Martime Disasters of WWII

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About Owners
Us Navy - United States Navy

John Paul Jones - An American Naval Hero and known as father of the American Navy.

John Paul was born in a gardener's cottage in Kirkbean, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. He went to sea as a youth and was a merchant shipmaster by the age of twenty-one. After killing a mutinous sailor at Tobago he added 'Jones' to his name and began a new life in America. He volunteered early in the War of Independence to serve in his adopted country's infant navy, and managed to obtain a lieutenant's commission in the Continental Navy.

He took the war to the enemy's homeland with daring raids along the British coast and the famous victory of the BONHOMME RICHARD over the HMS SERAPIS. After the BONHOMME RICHARD began taking on water and fires broke out on board, the British commander asked Jones if he had struck his flag. Jones replied, "I have not yet begun to fight!" In the end, it was the British commander who surrendered. Jones is now remembered for his indomitable will, his unwillingness to consider surrender when the slightest hope of victory still burned.

In 1781 he returned to America and Congress passed a vote of thanks to him for the way he had sustained the honour of the American fleet and in 1787 awarded him a gold medal. He also received a gold sword and the Order of Military Merit from Louis XVI.

Throughout his naval career Jones promoted professional standards and training. He spent the remaining years of the war advising on the establishment of the navy and the training of naval officers.

In 1792 Jones was appointed U.S. Consul to Algiers, but in July of that year he died before the commission arrived. He was buried in Paris and his body lay in an alcohol filled coffin in an unmarked grave for over a century. In 1905 his remains were found and taken to the United States where, in 1913, they were finally laid to rest in a marble sarcophagus in the U.S. Naval Academy Chapel at Annapolis, Maryland

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About Builders
 Kaiser Shipbuilding Co. - Oregon Shipbuilding Corp. - Kaiser Cargo Inc.
Henry J. Kaiser, established the shipbuilding company around 1939, specifically for the merchant shipping of the United States Maritime Commission. Kaiser constructed many Liberty ships, tankers and LSTs. Shipyards were located in San Francisco, Washington and Portland. The Kaiser Shipyards shut down at the end of the war.
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