british SS Bury Hill (+1936)
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1917
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 4521  grt
dimensions 121.9 x 15.86 x 5.3 m
material steel
engine 1 x 3 cyl. triple expansion engine, 3 single boilers, single shaft, 1 screw
power 425 
speed  
yard no. 653
IMO/Off. no. 139622
call sign
GWXT  
GWXT
about the loss
cause lost ran aground (wrecked)
date lost 07/12/1936  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
Richardson, Duck & Co., Thornaby (Stockton-On-Tees)
engine by
Blair & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
last owner
[1]Sussex Steamship Company, London
SS Bury Hill (+1936)
period 1934 ~ 1936
IMO/Off. no.: 139622
call sign: 
GWXT
prev. owners
[2]Cie. Générale Transatlantique (CGT, Cie. Générale d´Armements Maritimes), Paris
SS Pennsylvanie
period 1926 ~ 1934
[3]Brown, Jenkinson & Co. Ltd.-Harlem Ss Co. Ltd., London
SS Pensylvanie
period 1923 ~ 1926
IMO/Off. no.: 139622
[4]Cardigan Shipping Co. Ltd. (J. Jenkins & Sons Co. Ltd.), Cardiff
SS Cardigan
period 1917 ~ 1920
IMO/Off. no.: 139622
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
references
references
  plimsoll.org
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 15/02/2009
last update Racey Carl
last update 28/06/2013
 
  Position  
 
Allen Tony15/02/2009
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  History  
 
Allen Tony15/02/2009The Bury Hill SS official number 139,622, was a steel single screw vessel of the tramp class built in 1917 by Messrs. Richardson Duck & Co. Ltd. of Stockton-on-Tees. Her tonnage was 4,542´I gross, 2,767.05 net. Her length was 400 ft., her beam 52.05 ft. She was fitted with compound engines of 425 h.p. nominal, was equipped with wireless, and classed 100 A.I. at Lloyd´s. Formerly the "Pensylvanie" she had been purchased by her owners, the Sussex Steamship Company, from the French Compagnie Générale Transatlantique in 1934 for £8,500....

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About Builders
 Richardson, Duck & Co., Thornaby (Stockton-On-Tees)
Twenty-four year old Joseph Richardson and George N. Duck formed the company Richardson Duck late in 1854. In the period up to 1865 the yard built a total of 50 screw steamers, one paddle steamer, 10 sailing ships and 29 barges. the first steel ships built on the Tees were launched from this yard in 1859. Over the years the yard took over numerous other yards on the Tees until 1865 when it amalgamated with the engine builder Thomas Richardson and the shipbuilder Denton Gray, both of Hartlepool, forming Richardson, Denton, Duck & Co. though a year later split back in to its constituent parts. Over the period 1870-72 output of the yard averaged 10,000 tons per annum. By 1882 this had risen to 21,000 tons. In 1909 the company was put on the Admiralty List. The yard was busy throughout the first world War, building, amongst others , two Flower class sloops. During the 1920s the company suffered a fall in orders and went in to liquidation in 1925.

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Blair & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
Blair & Co. was formed from the engine maker Fossick & Hackworth.
In 1855 George Blair was appointed manager and in the spring of 1865 he was made a partner and the company became Fossick, Blair & Co. when Hackworth retired. Fossick died in 1866 and the company became Blair & Co. Blair was responsible for the expansion of the works to specialise in marine engines.

At this time the company had 700 employees (later to rise to 2,000) and covered an area of seven and a half acres. The first compound marine engine on the Tees was built by Blair's in January 1869 and fitted to the "Glenmore" built by Backhouse & Dixon.

In 1884 the company produced its first triple expansion engine for the "Burgos" built by Richardson Duck. In 1887 the sheerlegs, which were to become a Stockton landmark for many years were errected at a cost of £2,695. These shearlegs were capable of lifting up to 100 tons and were sighted near the river to lift marine engines into newly built ships.

By 1914 almost 1,400 marine engines had been built. At least 340 for Pearse, and later Ropner, 240 for Richardson Duck and 103 for Thomas Turnbull at Whitby. A total of 75 engines were built during the First World War.

The company was taken over by Gould Steamships and Industrials in 1919.

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  History  
 
Allen Tony15/02/2009The Bury Hill SS official number 139,622, was a steel single screw vessel of the tramp class built in 1917 by Messrs. Richardson Duck & Co. Ltd. of Stockton-on-Tees. Her tonnage was 4,542´I gross, 2,767.05 net. Her length was 400 ft., her beam 52.05 ft. She was fitted with compound engines of 425 h.p. nominal, was equipped with wireless, and classed 100 A.I. at Lloyd´s. Formerly the "Pensylvanie" she had been purchased by her owners, the Sussex Steamship Company, from the French Compagnie Générale Transatlantique in 1934 for £8,500.

The "Bury Hill" had left Bunbury, Western Australia, on the 20th October, 1936, with a cargo of wheat in bulk. She carried a crew of thirty-one (one below complement), of whom eight were deck hands. Her draught when loaded was 24 ft. forward, 24.06 ft. aft. On the 13th November she called at Durban for bunkers, cleared the same day and proceeded to Dakar for orders. On the 5th December she made Dakar, entering the harbour under pilot. On the 7th December at 9.27 p.m. she left Dakar without a pilot, for Falmouth, clearing the breakwaters of the harbour at 9.47 p.m. At II.43 p.m. the vessel stranded on the Almadi reef and subsequently became a total loss.

The Almadi reef is a congeries of rocks extending westward for about a mile from Almadi point, which forms the western extreme of Africa. Its dangerous character is sufficiently evidenced by the fact that there were at the time the "Bury Hill" stranded upon it no less than four other wrecked vessels lying in the immediate vicinity. The reef is marked by a light on one of the outer rocks, posi tioned approximately (according to the "Africa Pilot", part I) in lat. 14° 45´ N., long. 17° 33´ W. The light is a fixed white light with a range of 10 miles, and is shown from a circular concrete tower banded with alternate rings of black and white, the light itself having an elevation of 46 ft. above the mean level of high water spring tides. There was formerly a whistle buoy on the western extremity of the reef, but this had been removed or was not working at the time the vessel stranded.
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