british Sir Wm Reardon Smith & Sons Ltd. (Leeds Shipping, St. Just S.S., Cornborough Shipping, Instow S.S.) MV Fresno City [+1940]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion motor vessel (diesel)
date built 1929
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 4955  grt
dimensions 126.7 x 16.8 x -- m
material steel
engine 1 diesel engine, single shaft, 1 screw
power  
speed 12  knots
yard no. 597
IMO/Off. no. 161613
about the loss
cause lost gunfire - shelled
date lost 05/11/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.1rank: 669
about people
builder
Doxford W. & Sons - William Doxford & Sons Ltd., Sunderland
owner
Sir Wm Reardon Smith & Sons Ltd. (Leeds Shipping, St. Just S.S., Cornborough Shipping, Instow S.S.), Cardiff
captain Lawson R. A.
about the wreck
depth (m.) 2200 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Claes Johnny
entered 05/02/2009
last update Lettens Jan
last update 24/08/2014
 
  Position  
 
[1] Allen Tony05/11/2009
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copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Chipchase Nick copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Chipchase Nick  
 
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan13/08/2011CONVOY HX-84

The German battlecruiser Admiral Scheer sailed on 14 October 1940 and her first target was convoy HX-84 from Halifax Nova Scotia, which had been identified by B-Dienst radio intercepts. Admiral Scheer's seaplane located the convoy on 5 November 1940 and, believing it to be unescorted, Admiral Scheer closed in.

However, as the convoy appeared over the horizon, one vessel sailed out to challenge her. The HMS Jervis Bay , commanded by Captain Edward Fegen, was an armed merchant ship and was the only defence for the convoy. Owing to insufficient Allied warship numbers at this early stage in the war, convoys received destroyer escorts only on the last three days of their journey.

HMS Jervis Bay with her eight 6 in (15 cm) guns was hopelessly outclassed, but the German ship had to deal with her before pursuing the convoy, which had already begun to scatter and make smoke. Admiral Scheer succeeded in sinking six other ships, Kenbane Head, Beaverford, Fresno City, Maidan, Mopan, Trewellard and setting the tanker San Demetrio on fire (later salvaged).

The damage inflicted by Admiral Scheer would have been far greater, had it not been for the sacrifice of courageous HMS Jervis Bay and her heroic crew.

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About Owners
 
Sir Wm Reardon Smith & Sons Ltd. (Leeds Shipping, St. Just S.S., Cornborough Shipping, Instow S.S.), Cardiff

Reardon Smith founded his own company in 1905, Sir William Reardon Smith & Sons Ltd, based in Cardiff.

The company owned the St Just Steamship Company, Leeds Shipping Company and Cornborough Shipping Line and W.R. Smith and Instow Steamship Co. Ltd..
 
About Builders
 Doxford W. & Sons - William Doxford & Sons Ltd., Sunderland
William Doxford and Sons began in 1840 at Cox Green. William Doxford and Sons Ltd, often referred to simply as Doxford, was established in 1857 by William Doxford. From 1870 they were based in Pallion, Sunderland, on the River Wear in Northeast England. In 1904 the East Yard was built, and the 3 extra berths helped Doxford’s to win the blue riband in 1904 and 1907 for the highest production rate in the world.
The East Yard was rebuilt as a state of the art covered shipyard, which opened in 1976. Doxford’s joined Thompson’s, Laings and Greenwell’s in 1961 to form the Doxford and Sunderland Shipbuilding and Engineering Group. The Group was taken over in 1973 and re-named Sunderland Shipbuilders Ltd. It merged with Austin and Pickersgill’s in 1986, and closed in 1988.

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MV Fresno City [+1940]
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