british Cory Colliers Ltd. (Wm. Cory & Son) SS Ocean ? [+1917]
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nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
subtype/class coal cargo ship (collier)
propulsion steam
date built 1894
live live
weight (tons) 1442  grt
dimensions 75.3 x 10.7 x 4.6 m
material steel
engine Steam triple expansion by N.E.M.E. Co. Ltd. Sunderland, One single boiler
armament 1 16 pounder Hotchkiss & 1 Lewis gun.
power 155  n.h.p.
yard no. 183
IMO/Off. no. 102856
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 23/11/1917  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties 0
about people
Austin S. P. & Son Ltd., Sunderland
engine by
North Eastern Marine Engineers Ltd., Sunderland
last owner
[1]Cory Colliers Ltd. (Wm. Cory & Son), London
SS Ocean ? [+1917]
period 1896 ~ 1917
IMO/Off. no.: 102856
prev. owners
[2]Lambert Bros. Ltd. - Temple S.S. Co - Dornoch S.S. Co., London
SS Ocean
period 1894 ~ 1896
captain Henry Norman
complement 2
no. of crew 17
about the wreck
depth (m.) 36 max. / 24 min. (m)
orientation 50°
war grave
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
entered by Allen Tony
entered 20/08/2006
last update Racey Carl
last update 19/12/2011
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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Lettens Jan01/10/2009

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 UK Hydrographic Office

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  Hydrographic Service UK  
Racey Carl13/03/2009The Cory collier s.s. Ocean was on passage from Granton to London with 1830 tons of coal. She was making 9 knots on a SE heading in the buoyed channel. The weather was fine with a rough sea and strong westerly wind. There were 4 puddle steamers in the area and several patrol vessels.

A look out was posted on the bridge and a gunner was on station aft. At 3.30 p.m., without warning, a torpedo struck the ship abreast of the No4 hatch about 40 feet from the stern. The ship sank in 7 minutes. The crew of 19 put their life boat drill into action and left without incident. The master had been asleep in his berth aft when the torpedo struck. The explosion had jammed his door and it took him 2 minutes to free it. On reaching the deck he found the boats lowered and the last man leaving over the side.
ref. used: 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Racey Carl15/10/2009Built for Lambert Bros, London; Yard No 183; Launch Date: 08/03/1894; Fitted with a 16 pounder Hotchkiss & 1 Lewis gun; Vessel torpedoed by UB-21 whilst under the command of Walter Scheffer without warning. The torpedo struck abreast of the No 4 hatch about 40 feet from the stern; 17 crew and 2 gunners. No lives lost.

One of ten Cory Colliers, involved in the London coal trade, lost at this time along the Yorkshire coast to German U-boats or mines they had laid, the others were: Brentwood, Hurstwood, Harberton, Vernon, Harrow, Sir Francis, Corsham and Highgate.The Deptford was mined off Scarborough in 1915.
ref. used: 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Allen Tony08/09/2007Ocean was a 1,442grt defensively-armed British Merchantship. On the 23rd November 1917 when on route from Granton for London she was torpedoed by German submarine UB-21 when 4 miles E by N from Hartlepool, England. Owned by Cory Colliers Ltd, London.
ref. used: 
 His Majesty'S Stationary Office, British Merchant Shipping (Losses) WW1
Racey Carl15/10/2009The UB-21 became the most successful submarine that operated along the Yorkshire coast of England.
In February 1917 the UB-21 sank the LADY ANN off Scarborough. In the following 15 months she was responsible for the JOHN MILES, BYWELL, VICTORIA, RIKARD NORDRAAK, EDITH CAVELL, SNA II, SIR FRANCIS, TRELYON, GLOW, VANLAND, SPRINGHILL, AMSTELDAM, GEMMA, OCEAN, PATRIA, HERCULES (Whitby), HERCULES (Filey Bay), CONSTANTIA, ANBOTO MENDI, GOTHIA (off Hartlepool), HASLINGDEN (off Seaham), the sailing vessel MENTOR (off Hartlepool) and finally the PAUL in Sept 1918.
A total of 23 vessels where sunk by UB-21 off the Yorkshire Coast, and at least another 9 vessels sank or damaged along the east coast of England and 4 vessels taken as a prize of war. Also, under the command of Franz Walther, UB-21 sank the fishing vessel EXCEL 18/02/1917 and the Swedish steamer HAROLD on 06/05/1917, both NE of the Tyne
ref. used: 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
ref. used: 
 UK Hydrographic Office

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About Owners
Cory Colliers Ltd. (Wm. Cory & Son), London

Cory Colliers (William Cory & Son) Ltd. 52 Mark Lane, London. Originally in the coal trade, became tug operators. Later renamed to Cory Towage Ltd.
About Builders
 Austin S. P. & Son Ltd., Sunderland

Peter Austin (1) (1826-1846)
Peter Austin (2) (1846-1860)
Austin & Son (1860-1874)
Austin & Hunter (1874-1879)

S. P. Austin & Son Ltd. (1879-1896)
S. P. Austin Ltd. (1896-1953)

Austin’s was famous for its pontoon, which opened in 1904. The pontoon was a platform that could be sunk below a ship, then re-floated to raise the ship out of the water.

Austin’s merged with Pickersgill’s in 1954 to become Austin and Pickersgill. The yard closed in 1956

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North Eastern Marine Engineers Ltd., Sunderland
North Eastern Marine Engineering Co of South Docks, Sunderland was formed in 1860. Engine builders in Sunderland and Wallsend, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. By 1889 the company's works at Sunderland and Wallsend have supplied 100 vessels afloat with their triples fitted. In 1925 sees the Application of Superheated Steam to Marine Engines at both Wallsend and Sunderland. Also now manufacturing marine engines, turbines, marine oil engines, boilers, condensers, feed and ballast pumps, evaporators, feed-water cleaners and heaters, circulating pumps etc. In 1938 became North Eastern Marine Engineers Co. (1938) Ltd., Sunderland.

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