panamanian MOWT - Ministry of War Transport (WWII) SS Empire Caribou (+1941)
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nationality panamanian
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion steam turbine
date built 1919
is nickname no
weight (tons) 4861  grt
dimensions 126.5 x 17.1 x 8.4 m
material steel
engine 1 steam turbine, 3 water tube boilers, single shaft, 1 screw
power 3000  s.h.p.
speed 11  knots
yard no. 10
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 10/05/1941  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.34rank: 612
about people
Downey Shipbuilding, Corp., New York
engine by
[1] Westinghouse Electric & Mfg. Co., Essington
[2] Babcock & Wilcox Co. - B&W
last owner
[1]MOWT - Ministry of War Transport (WWII), London
SS Empire Caribou (+1941)
period 1940 ~ 1941
prev. owners
[2]American Sugar Transit Corp., New York
SS Defacto
period 1923 ~ 1940
[3]American Star Line Inc., New York
SS Northern Star
period 1921 ~ 1923
[4]Us Shipping Board - United States Shipping Board - Ussb, Washington D.C.
SS Waterbury
period 1919 ~ 1921
captain Bernard Edwin Duffield
complement 4
no. of crew 40
about the wreck
depth (m.)
war grave
[2] Lloyd´s of London, Lloyd's Register of Shipping
entered by Allen Tony
entered 13/11/2005
last update Gothro Phil
last update 17/04/2012
Allen Tony26/06/2007
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Allen Tony04/03/2008Empire Caribou SS was 4,861 tons. Dimensions 383,3 x 52,2 x 27,4 ft as built in1919 as the WATERBURY, for the US Shipping Board, New York.

In 1921 she was renamed NORTHERN STAR, and purchased by the American Star Line Inc, New York.

In 1923 she was renamed DEFACTO, and purchased by the American Sugar Transit Corp, New York.

In 1940 she was renamed EMPIRE CARIBOU, and requisioned as MOWT and managed by Sir William Reardon Smith & Sons.

On the 10th May 1941 when on route from London - Loch Ewe - Boston, Massachusetts carrying a cargo of 2,020 tons of chalk and in Convoy OB-318 she was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-556 and sunk about 465 miles southwest of Reykjanes.

The master, 31 crew members and two gunners were lost. Nine crew members and two gunners were picked up by the British destroyer HMS Malcolm (D 19) (Cdr C.D. Howard-Johnston), landed at Reykjavik and brought to Greenock by the British destroyer HMS Scimitar (H 21) (Lt R.D. Frank).
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About Builders
 Downey Shipbuilding, Corp., New York
Wallace Downey started this shipyard after selling his yard on Shooters Island. A former steel fabrication plant called Milliken Brothers, it was on Staten Island.

Babcock & Wilcox Co. - B&W
In 1867 Stephen Wilcox and partner George Herman Babcock patented the Babcock & Wilcox Non-Explosive Boiler, which used tubing to generate higher pressures and was more efficient than existing designs. In 1891, Babcock & Wilcox Ltd is established as a separate United Kingdom company, to be responsible for all sales outside the US and Cuba.
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SS Empire Caribou (+1941)
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