british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Viknor [+1915]
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general
nationality british
purpose transport
type passenger ship
propulsion steam
date built 1888
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 5386  grt
dimensions 128.3 x 15.2 x -- m
material steel
engine 1 x 3 cyl. Triple expansion engine, eight boilers, single shaft, 1 screw
armament Armed Merchant Cruiser
power 1000  h.p.
speed 14  knots
yard no. 410
about the loss
cause lost mine
date lost 13/01/1915  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.295rank: 346
about people
builder
Napier R. & Sons - Robert Napier & Sons, Glasgow
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMS Viknor [+1915]
period 1914 ~ 1915
prev. owners
[2]Viking Cruising Co.
SS The Viking
period 1912 ~ 1914
IMO/Off. no.: 95512
[3]Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. Ltd. (Royal Mail Lines), London
SS Atrato
period 1888 ~ 1912
IMO/Off. no.: 95512
captain Ballentine, E. O.
about the wreck
depth (m.) 86 max. / 75 min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 08/11/2005
last update Allen Tony
last update 22/09/2013
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
position disp.
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan13/01/2008

I don't know whether she has been found yet, but it should not be too difficult to locate with Sonar. While researching on maritime charts, I found a 'mountain' coming up to 49m LLWS in a region where the ocean dept is about 80m. This could be her. It should be possible to dive her with high-technology diving gear.
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 Lettens Jan

Lettens Jan01/10/2009

UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office


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  Pictures  
 
copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu  copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu  
 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Lettens Jan02/05/2013S/S Viknor

5.347 tons; 421x50 ft; Built by Robert Napier in 1888 as the Atrato for the Royal Mail Steam Co. Ltd.

S/S Atrato was a beautifully designed passenger ship, more resembling a luxury yacht than a liner. She was used in the service between England and the West Indies and could carry up to 280 passengers. Bought by Viking Cruising Co. Ltd. in 1912, she was renamed Viking.

At the beginning of WWI, she was requisitioned by the Admiralty, equipped with armament and renamed HMS Viknor. She was mainly used as a cruising patrol ship.

On 13th January 1915, while on patrol, she sank in heavy weather without any distress call. It was assumed that she was sunk by a mine, belonging to a minefield laid by the Germans. Not a single soul of the 295 crew was saved. Many of the bodies were washed ashore days after the sinking.
Lettens Jan02/05/2013On December 28th, 1914, the British steel cargo THE VIKING left Tyne and went missing. She was not heard of ever since, except some wreckage that washed ashore on the North Ireland coast. Note: Lloyds has this one wrongly with her ex-name 'The Viking'.
ref. used 
 Lloyd´s of London, Lloyd's Register of Shipping
Lettens Jan04/04/2013UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office
Allen Tony26/06/2007Vicnor HMS. Armed Merchant Cruiser, Captained by Cmdr E O Ballantine was mined approximately 11 miles west of Tory Island, Co Donegal, Ireland. Was formerly called Atrato of the BLUE STAR LINE, Built in 1914. 22 Officers Dead and 173 crew.

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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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HMS Viknor [+1915]
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