british Elders & Fyffes Ltd. SS Casanare [+1940]
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general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1924
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 5376  grt
dimensions 121.9 x 15.5 x 9.1 m
engine triple expansion engine, single shaft, 1 screw
power 447  n.h.p.
speed 13.5  knots
yard no. 897
IMO/Off. no. 147295
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 03/11/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.9rank: 652
about people
builder
Cammell Laird & Co., Birkenhead
owner
Elders & Fyffes Ltd., Garston
captain Moore, John Allan
no. of crew 63
about the wreck
depth (m.) 2000 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Lettens Jan
entered 28/08/2008
last update Lettens Jan
last update 24/07/2013
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan07/04/2010
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan01/10/2009

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 UK Hydrographic Office

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  History  
 
Lettens Jan03/11/2009CASANARE

Owned by Elders & Fyffes and built in 1924 at Cammell Laird & Co.; 5,376 tons; 400.3x51.4x30.4 ft.; 447 n.h.p.; 13.5 knots; triple expansion engines.

On November 3rd 1941, S/S Casanare (Capt. J. A. Moore) was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-99 (Kretschmer), some 200 miles West of Ireland.

Eight crew were killed. Capt. Moore was among the survivors.
ref. used 
 Hocking C., Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the Age of Steam
Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office
Lettens Jan01/07/2009On 26 August 1939 the passenger ship Laurentic of the Cunard White Star Ltd, Liverpool was requisitioned by the Admiralty and converted to an armed merchant cruiser. Conversion was completed on 15 October 1939.

At 21.40 hours on 3 November 1940, U-99 torpedoed the unescorted Casanare west of Bloody Foreland. Her distress messages brought the armed merchant cruisers HMS Laurentic (F 51) (Capt E.P. Vivian) and HMS Patroclus to the scene and the U-boat began a dramatic battle at 22.50 hours when the first torpedo struck the HMS Laurentic (F 51) from a distance of 1500 metres. ...

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  uboat.net
Lettens Jan17/07/2009One of the most succesfull U-boats of all time, U-99, Fregattenkapitän Otto Kretschmer, sank in one attack the two auxiliary cruisers Laurentic and Patroclus and the cargo steamer Casanare.

It was the distress call of Casanare that made the Laurentic and Patroclus change course and steam towards Casanare to assist, that actually lead to the sinking of both cruisers as well.

U-99 also sunk Scottish Maiden, a tanker of 6.993 tons.

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About Owners
 
Elders & Fyffes Ltd., Garston

Became Fyffes Group Ltd. in 1969.
 
About Builders
 Cammell Laird & Co., Birkenhead
Charles Cammell and Co, iron and steel founders, was established in 1824. Cammell, Laird and Co. was formed in 1903 when the Laird Brothers amalgamated their company with Charles Cammell and Co. - - The Cammell Laird site at Birkenhead on Merseyside was established in 1824, and has been successfully building, repairing ships right through to present times. The shipyard is in a world famous maritime region and is recognised internationally as having been at the forefront of the British Shipbuilding Industry. - - - - - - - Cammell Laird used to have their own flag. The flag was used on ships that were in their trials. Only when approved by the buyer, she changed flags

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  History  
 
Lettens Jan01/07/2009On 26 August 1939 the passenger ship Laurentic of the Cunard White Star Ltd, Liverpool was requisitioned by the Admiralty and converted to an armed merchant cruiser. Conversion was completed on 15 October 1939.

At 21.40 hours on 3 November 1940, U-99 torpedoed the unescorted Casanare west of Bloody Foreland. Her distress messages brought the armed merchant cruisers HMS Laurentic (F 51) (Capt E.P. Vivian) and HMS Patroclus to the scene and the U-boat began a dramatic battle at 22.50 hours when the first torpedo struck the HMS Laurentic (F 51) from a distance of 1500 metres.

After 30 minutes, a second torpedo struck the vessel, but she remained afloat. A third torpedo was fired at 23.30 hours from a distance of 250 metres into the hole opened by the first torpedo, at this time the lookouts spotted the U-boat on the surface and Kretschmer had a hard time in evading the gunfire.

In the meantime, HMS Patroclus began picking up survivors instead of participating in the fight against the U-boat and her lookouts did not see U-99 only 300 metres away.

A first torpedo struck the ship at 00.22 hours, a second at 00.44 hours and a third at 01.18 hours, but then the lookouts spotted the U-boat and Kretschmer had again to evade the gunfire.

After that, U-99 searched for the Casanare, but only found two lifeboats at her position, the vessel had foundered in the meantime. Suddenly, a Sunderland flying boat appeared over the U-boat, which had to dive, but no bombs were dropped.

Kretschmer used the time and reloaded the torpedo tubes under water. At 03.30 hours, the U-boat surfaced, went back to the auxiliary cruisers and fired a at 04.35 hours a torpedo from a distance of 250 metres at the HMS Laurentic (F 51).

The torpedo struck the stern and ignited the depth charges stored there, this caused the ship to sink by the stern at 04.53 hours. Around this time a destroyer was spotted and Kretschmer had to sink the HMS Patroclus in a short time. A fifth torpedo at 05.16 hours had no significant effect, but the sixth torpedo at 05.25 hours caused the vessel to sink immediately.

After that, U-99 was heavy attacked by the British destroyer HMS Hesperus (H 57) (Lt.Cdr. D.G.F.W. Macintyre) with depth charges, but the destroyer soon left the U-boat to pick up the survivors.
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  uboat.net
 
 
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