british Hain Steamship Co. Ltd. - Hain E. & Co. - Edward Hain SS Tregenna [+1940]
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nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
subtype/class WWI B-class standard cargo ship (br.)
WWI B-class standard cargo ship (br.) Balzac SS (+1941)
propulsion steam
date built 1919
is nickname no
weight (tons) 5242  grt
dimensions 125.8 x 15.8 x 8.5 m
material steel
engine Steam triple expansion engine, single shaft, 1 screw
power 517  n.h.p.
speed 11  knots
yard no. 915
call sign
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 17/09/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.33rank: 613
about people
William Gray & Co., Ltd., West Hartlepool (Sunderland)
engine by
Central Marine Engineering Works Ltd., Hartlepool
last owner
[1]Hain Steamship Co. Ltd. - Hain E. & Co. - Edward Hain, London
SS Tregenna [+1940]
period 1919 ~ 1940
call sign: 
prev. owners
[2]TSC - The Shipping Controller (WWI), London
SS War Bulldog
period 1919 ~ 1919
captain Care, William Thomas
no. of crew 37
about the wreck
depth (m.) 1070 max. / -- min. (m)
war grave
entered by Allen Tony
entered 25/06/2006
last update Vleggeert Nico
last update 28/03/2013
[1] Lettens Jan13/12/2008
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copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
Allen Tony26/06/2007Tregenna was built in 1919 and formerly called WAR BULLDOG (1919).She was oened by HAIN STEAMSHIP CO LTD. When on route from PHILADELPHIA for NEWPORT carrying a cargo of 8000 tons of steel she was torpedoed and sunk by U-65. 33 crew were missing from a total crew 37.
Allen Tony22/11/2011At 4.26 PM, German submarine U-65 sinks Tregenna carrying 8000 tons of steel from USA (33 crew killed, 4 rescued by British steamer Filleigh and landed at Avonmouth).
Lettens Jan28/08/2008UK hydro member
ref. used: 
 UK Hydrographic Office

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About Owners
Hain Steamship Co. Ltd. - Hain E. & Co. - Edward Hain, London

Existed in 1878 as 'E. Hain & Co' from St Ives, Cornwall. In 1901 named 'Hain Steamship Co.', operating from Cardiff Purchased in 1917 by P&O and moved to London, but maintained name & flag. In 1972 the company was merged into P&O's General Cargo Divison. The company ships started with the Cornish title Tre. Before 1938, the flag showed EH instead of a single H.

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About Builders
 William Gray & Co., Ltd., West Hartlepool (Sunderland)
William Gray and Company of Central Marine Engineering Works, West Hartlepool, was a shipbuilding firm from 1874-1963. They were the largest firm of shipbuilders in the Hartlepools and also lasted longer than any other local shipbuilding firm. For a hundred years the company ensured the towns’ prosperity by giving jobs to thousands of local people.

William Gray and Co always maintained its reputation for being in the vanguard of technological and technical innovation. The company regularly topped the output for British shipyards in the last decade of the nineteenth and early 20th century. Between 1883 and 1887 the yard expanded through the acquisition of one ten acre site (Central) and a three berth shipyard (Jackson).

Towards the end of the 19th century, demand was for bigger ships which could carry more cargo. This led to the opening, in 1887, of another Gray shipyard at the end of the Central Dock. In 1890 William Gray was knighted. He was active in the civil life of Hartlepool having been the first mayor of West Hartlepool among many other achievements.

In 1896 Matthew Gray died in 1896, followed two years later by both Sir William Gray, and Thomas Mudd. This left Sir William’s younger son, William Cresswell Gray, as Chairman of the company. In 1898 Sir William Gray died. His surviving son William Cresswell Gray became director of the yards.

During WWI output was 30 cargo-liners and tramps built to private order, 13 vessels built to Admiralty order and 30 standard "WAR" tramps built for the Shipping Controller. King George V and Queen Mary visited the yard to boost morale. The yard had a 100-ton hammer head crane which was a Hartlepool landmark until it was demolished in the 1960s.

The Company went into voluntary liquidation in 1962. The various yards were either acquired, auctioned or demolished in 1963.

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Central Marine Engineering Works Ltd., Hartlepool
Central Marine Engine Works of West Hartlepool and Hartlepool
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