british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN Duchess of Montrose (PP585) (+1917)
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general
nationality british
purpose war (prev. transport)
type minesweeper (ex-ferry)
propulsion paddle-steam
date built 1902
status
dead (not found) dead (not found)
details
weight (tons) 321  grt
dimensions 64 x 7.65 x -- m
engine 4 cyl. two crank triple expansion diagonal steam engine
power  
speed  
about the loss
cause lost mine
date lost 18/03/1917  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.12rank: 651
about people
builder
John Brown & Co. Ltd., Clydebank (Scotland)
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
Duchess of Montrose (PP585) (+1917)
period 1914 ~ 1917
prev. owners
[2]Caledonian Steam Packet Co. Ltd., Glasgow
PSS Duchess of Montrose
period 1902 ~ 1914
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 05/06/2006
last update Jan Lettens
last update 21/08/2012
 
  Position  
 
Allen Tony26/06/2007
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  copyright: SHOM copyright: Chipchase Nick copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu   
 
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  History  
 
Allen Tony08/05/2008HMS Duchess of Montrose was constructed in 1902 by John Brown of Clydebank and was 322grt. The engine was a 4 cylinder triple expansion diagonal steam engine, arranged for tandem working on two cranks, 206nhp, driving paddles, giving 16.5 knots. Tonnage: 321 tonnes. Length 64m, Beam 7.65m.

On the 18th March 1917 when on Government Service she hit a mine from German submarine UB-12 and sank off Dunkirk with the loss of 12 crew. Owned by Caledonian Steam Packet Co. Ltd, Glasgow.
ref. used: 
[1] His Majesty'S Stationary Office, British Merchant Shipping (Losses) WW1
[2] Stuart Cameron, clydesite.co.uk


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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 John Brown & Co. Ltd., Clydebank (Scotland)
One of the largest naval shipbuilders in the UK, John Brown produced both battleships and cruisers in quantity for the Royal Navy and approved foreign clients (Chile, Japan). Brown's was also noted for ocean liners of the largest size and speed, including the LUSITANIA, AQUITANIA, QUEEN MARY, and both QUEEN ELIZABETHs for the Cunard Line. The company had its own steelworks in Sheffield and shipyard in Clydebank, a city actually named for its shipyard, near Dalmuir on the Clyde. At peak workforce before WWI the works directly employed over 10,000 men. In the midst of this prewar arms race and prosperity in 1907, the company issued a commemorative volume on the completion of the LUSITANIA. Not content to tout the ship herself, the company produced an impressive brag piece for the yard -- our source for many of the photos here reproduced. Notable warships built at the yard included the Japanese battleship ASAHI, the British battleships HINDUSTAN, AFRICA, and VALIANT (QE class), and the battlecruisers TIGER, REPULSE, INDEFATIGABLE, and HOOD. In 1971 Browns was sold to Marathon Oil. The shipyard remained in service to the North Sea oil industry before being closed by a successor company; the site was demolished in 2002. It is now the site of Clydebank Community College; a few of the original buildings and the giant Titan crane remain in the midst of a bulldozed wasteland. The engineering arm of John Brown continues (after several bouts of acquisition) as John Brown Engineering Gas Turbines Ltd, E. Kilbride, UK.

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Gepassioneerd zoeken en onderzoeken we de talloze wrakken in de Franse, Britse, Nederlandse en uiteraard ook de Belgische wateren.

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