british Furness Withy & Co. Ltd. (Neptune Steam Nav. Co., Norfolk & North American Steam Shipping Co., Hessler Shipping Co.) MV Pacific Reliance [+1940]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion motor vessel (diesel)
date built 1927
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 6717  grt
dimensions 132.9 x 18.4 x 8.8 m
material steel
engine 2 x 8 cylinder, 4 stroke, SA H&W type diesels engines, dual shaft, 2 screws
power 4000  i.h.p.
speed 13  knots
yard no. 14
IMO/Off. no. 149888
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 04/03/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties 0
about people
builder
Blythswood Shipbuilding Co., Scotstoun
engine by
Kincaid John G. & Co., Greenock
owner
Furness Withy & Co. Ltd. (Neptune Steam Nav. Co., Norfolk & North American Steam Shipping Co., Hessler Shipping Co.), London
captain Captain Evan Owen Evan
no. of crew 53
about the wreck
depth (m.) 77 max. / 58 min. (m)
orientation 140°
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 11/05/2006
last update Allen Tony
last update 04/03/2014
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan01/10/2009
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Lettens Jan01/10/2009

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  History  
 
Allen Tony28/06/2008Pacific Reliance MV was a British Motor Cargo vessel of 6,717 tons built 1927 by Blythswood Shipbuilding Company, Scotstoun, Yard No 14 for FURNESS, WITHY & CO LTD. NORFOLK & NORTH AMERICAN STEAM SHIP. She was powered by Twin screw, two 8 clylinder, 4 stroke, SA H&W type diesels. 4000 ihp - service speed 13 knots. Engines by Kincaid, Greenock. On the 4th March 1940 when on route from N EW WESTMINSTER,LOS ANGELES,HALIFAX & LONDON for LIVERPOOL carrying general cargo and aircraft parts she was torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-29 off Cornwall.

The crew of 53 were all saved.
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 Stuart Cameron, clydesite.co.uk
Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office


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About Owners
 
Furness Withy & Co. Ltd. (Neptune Steam Nav. Co., Norfolk & North American Steam Shipping Co., Hessler Shipping Co.), London

Offices in West-Hartlepool, later London. Furness, Withy & Co. Ltd. was formed in 1891 by the merging Christopher Furness with shipbuilders Edward Withy & Co. The flag continued in use until 1949, when the a swallowtail with the circle and white "F" in the canton was added.

In 1878 Thomas and Christopher Furness commenced shipowning, in 1883 Christopher Furness purchased an interest in the shipyard of Edward Withy and in 1884 bought the company outright. In 1885 Christopher Furness collaborated with Thomas Wilson to form the Wilson-Furness Line to operate services between Newcastle and New York.

By 1891 the fleet contained 18 ships and Furness, Withy & Co was founded. The first subsidiary company was formed in 1892 as the Chesapeake & Ohio Steamship Co. Ltd and a joint service to Boston was started with Frederick Leyland & Co. In 1896 the Wilsons & Furness-Leyland Line was formed.

A new firm, Manchester Liners Ltd was formed in 1898 and the rights of the Canadian & Newfoundland SS Co, were acquired the same year. The Wilsons & Furness-Leyland Line with their London - New York service was sold in 1901 to the International Mercantile Marine Co., but in 1902 Furness, Withy purchased Gulf Line Ltd with their trade to South Africa and Australia.

Management of Neptune S.N. Co. was taken over in 1906 and the fleet was purchased in 1910. The same year, Agincourt SS Co. and Norfolk & North American Steam Navigation Company were acquired. In 1911 a 50% holding in Houlder Bros & Co. was purchased plus the coastal London Welsh SS Co. 1912 saw the purchase of George Warren's White Diamond Steamship Company. and a new company, George Warren & Co. (Liverpool) Ltd was formed.

A half share in Johnston Line was purchased in 1914 and in 1916 Prince Line Ltd was bought. By this time the Furness, Withy group owned 215 ships.

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About Builders
 Kincaid John G. & Co., Greenock
Clark Kincaid Co. Greenock, was originaljy John G. Kincaids Co. Ltd. (Marine Engineers)
 
 
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MV Pacific Reliance [+1940]
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