british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Simoom (H53) (+1917)
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type destroyer
subtype/class R class destroyer (br.)
R class destroyer (br.) Recruit HMS (+1917)
propulsion steam
date built 1916
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 975  disp (surf)
dimensions 84.1 x 8.2 x 2.8 m
material steel
engine 2 x Brown & Curtis steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers, dual shaft, 2 screws
armament 3 x 4"/101.6 mm guns, 1 x 2 pdr. A.A., 4 x 21"/530 mm T.T. (2x2)
power 27000  s.h.p.
speed 36  knots
yard no. 455
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 23/01/1917  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
John Brown & Co. Ltd., Clydebank (Scotland)
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
complement 82
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Slaats Martien
entered 02/05/2006
last update Allen Tony
last update 30/10/2013
 
  Position  
 
Claes Johnny02/05/2010
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  History  
 
Allen Tony06/03/2009The destroyer Simoom HMS, Cdr. Inman, was sunk in an engagement between British and German destroyers in the Flanders Bight on the night of January 22nd, 1917. The ship belonged to the Harwich Force under Cdre. R. Y. Tyrwhitt which had put to sea on the 22nd to intercept a German flotilla, under command of Cdr. Max Schultz, which was known to be making for Zeebrugge from German ports. This flotilla consisted of eleven V, S and G destroyers, 570-650 tons.

The rival forces made contact between the North Hinder Light and the Maas at 2.45 a.m. on the 23rd. In the fight which ensued the S 50, which had lost touch at about 4 a.m. ran into a line of four British destroyers of which the Simoom was the leading ship. There was a sharp exchange of salvoes and the S 50 discharged a torpedo which struc k the Simoom and exploded her magazine, causing heavy casualties. The S 50 then escaped in the darkness. The destroyer Morris took off all the Simoom´s survivors and she was then torpedoed and sunk by the Nimrod on Cdre. Tyrwhitt´s orders. The Simoom carried a complement of 90.
ref. used: 
 Hocking C., Dictionary of Disasters at Sea during the Age of Steam
Slaats Martien21/01/2007Simoom HMS was torpdoed by German destroyer S-50. The Harwich force including light cruisers Centaur, Conquest, Aurora, Penelope, Cleopatra, Undaunted and 18 destroyers was in action against the German 6th tbf off the Schouwen light vessel. After Simoom was hit, she was scuttled by destroyer Matchless.

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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 John Brown & Co. Ltd., Clydebank (Scotland)
One of the largest naval shipbuilders in the UK, John Brown produced both battleships and cruisers in quantity for the Royal Navy and approved foreign clients (Chile, Japan). Brown's was also noted for ocean liners of the largest size and speed, including the LUSITANIA, AQUITANIA, QUEEN MARY, and both QUEEN ELIZABETHs for the Cunard Line. The company had its own steelworks in Sheffield and shipyard in Clydebank, a city actually named for its shipyard, near Dalmuir on the Clyde. At peak workforce before WWI the works directly employed over 10,000 men. In the midst of this prewar arms race and prosperity in 1907, the company issued a commemorative volume on the completion of the LUSITANIA. Not content to tout the ship herself, the company produced an impressive brag piece for the yard -- our source for many of the photos here reproduced. Notable warships built at the yard included the Japanese battleship ASAHI, the British battleships HINDUSTAN, AFRICA, and VALIANT (QE class), and the battlecruisers TIGER, REPULSE, INDEFATIGABLE, and HOOD. In 1971 Browns was sold to Marathon Oil. The shipyard remained in service to the North Sea oil industry before being closed by a successor company; the site was demolished in 2002. It is now the site of Clydebank Community College; a few of the original buildings and the giant Titan crane remain in the midst of a bulldozed wasteland. The engineering arm of John Brown continues (after several bouts of acquisition) as John Brown Engineering Gas Turbines Ltd, E. Kilbride, UK.

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HMS Simoom (H53) (+1917)
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