british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Transylvania (F56) [+1940]
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nationality british
purpose transport
type ocean liner
propulsion steam turbine
date built 1925
is nickname no
live live
weight (tons) 16923  grt
dimensions 176.2 x 21.3 x 8.84 m
material steel
engine 6 steam turbines, dual shaft, 2 screws
speed 17  knots
yard no. 600
call sign
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 10/08/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.36rank: 610
about people
Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., Govan
engine by
Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., Govan
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMS Transylvania (F56) [+1940]
period 1939 ~ 1940
call sign: 
prev. owners
[2]Anchor Line Ltd. - Henderson Bros., Glasgow
SS Transylvania
period 1925 ~ 1939
call sign: 
captain Miles, F.N.
about the wreck
depth (m.) 129 max. / 116 min. (m)
orientation 110°
war grave
entered by Allen Tony
entered 21/04/2006
last update Vleggeert Nico
last update 11/03/2014
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  

Lettens Jan04/04/2013

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 UK Hydrographic Office

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 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu  copyright: UK Hydrographic Office 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
Allen Tony29/02/2008In August 1939 the passenger ship Transylvania of the Anchor Line (Henderson Bros) Ltd, Glasgow was requisitioned by the Admiralty and converted to an armed merchant cruiser. Conversion was completed on 5 October 1939. At 01.00 hours on 10 August 1940, HMS Transylvania (Capt. Francis Nigel Miles, OBE, (retired)) was hit aft of the stack by one G7e torpedo from U-56 about 40 nautical miles northwest of Malin Head, Donegal.

The ship of the 10th Cruiser Squadron on Northern Patrol had been spotted by the U-boat only 15 minutes before and the Germans had to left her behind because they had no torpedoes left. The disabled vessel was taken in tow but later foundered, while nearby trawlers rescued about 300 officers and ratings.
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Lettens Jan10/08/2009U-56 was sunk on 28th April 1945 at Kiel, by bombs from British aircraft. 6 dead and 19 survivors.
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Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office

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About Owners
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., Govan
Between the two World Wars Fairfield, Glasgow's largest shipyard, built many famous ships for customers which included Anchor Line, Donaldson Line, Canadian Pacific Line and Orient Line. A financial crisis at Fairfield in 1965 led to the formation of Upper Clyde Shipbuilders. UCS collapsed in 1971, but a determined campaign by shipyard workers ensured that the yard survived as Govan Shipbuilders. - The yard was sold in 1988 to the Norwegian company Kvaerner. Kvaerner Govan specialised in the design and build of large, sophisticated gas and chemical carriers as well as specialist, one-off vessels for a wide range of uses. Defence contractors BAE Systems acquired the yard in 1999, after Kvaerner decided to pull out of shipbuilding. As the sole remaining builder of merchant ships in Glasgow, the yard has strong hopes of future prosperity in the 21st century.

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HMS Transylvania (F56) [+1940]
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