british White Star Line, Oceanic Steam Nav. Co., Ismay SS Armenian [+1915]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type ocean liner
subtype/class Victorian class ocean liner (1895 br.)
propulsion steam
date built 1895
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 8825  grt
dimensions 156.06 x 18.01 x 10.7 m
engine 1 x quadruple expansion engines, single shaft, 1 screw
power 718  n.h.p.
speed 13  knots
yard no. 292
IMO/Off. no. 105338
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 28/06/1915  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.29rank: 619
about people
builder
Harland & Wolff Ltd., Belfast & Glasgow
last owner
[1]White Star Line, Oceanic Steam Nav. Co., Ismay, Liverpool
SS Armenian [+1915]
period 1895 ~ 1915
IMO/Off. no.: 105338
prev. owners
[2]Leyland Frederick & Co. Ltd., Liverpool
SS Indian
period 1895 ~ 1895
IMO/Off. no.: 105338
captain
about the wreck
depth (m.) 80 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 04/11/2006
last update Soukup Paulo
last update 11/04/2013
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan04/04/2013

UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office

Allen Tony06/03/2009

She now lies 50 miles off Newquay in about 95m of water. We have dived her only 3 times for the filming of "Deep Wreck Mysteries" and is completely upright and intact, we have recovered only one plate bearing the insignia of the "White Star Line" for identification puposes only.
ref. used 
 Chris Lowe-Atlantic Diver-Newquay


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  Pictures  
 
 
  copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: [1]  Defer David [2]  Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Charles Whitworth   
 
 copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Chipchase Nick copyright: Chipchase Nick copyright: Chipchase Nick copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Allen Tony24/01/2009ARMENIAN SS was built in 1895 by Harland & Wolff at Belfast with a tonnage of 8825grt, a length of 512ft 6in, a beam of 59ft 3in and a service speed of 13 knots.

Sister of the Victorian she was launched on 25th November 1895 as the Indian for Frederick Leyland & Co. but delivered in the following September as the Armenian, commencing her maiden voyage from Liverpool to Boston on 28th. From November 1899 until 1902 she served alongside her sister as a transport during the Boer War.

On 20th March 1903 she was transferred to White Star management, but not ownership, and joined the cargo service between Liverpool and New York, the passenger service having been discontinued.

In 1910 she reverted to the Leyland livery with a pink funnel. She commenced her last sailing on 3rd March 1914 prior to being briefly laid up before being deployed as a horse transport to France.

On 28th June 1915 she was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-24 off Trevose Head in Cornwall after the crew were allowed to abandon ship.
ref. used 
 His Majesty'S Stationary Office, British Merchant Shipping (Losses) WW1
Earl-Grey10/04/2013The remaining crew was picked-up on the 29th of june by the Belgian trawler O.85 President Stevens of skipper Pierre Defer, they were safely put ashore. Pierre Defer got a golden watch in gratitude with the inscription:Presented to Skipper Pierre Defer Of the Belgian Trawler “President Stevens” By the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty In recognition of his services in June 1915 In rescuing the crew of the torpedoed transport “Armenian”.
Soukup Paulo17/12/2011On the day she was sunk she was bound to Bristol with a load of 1,400 mules intended as replacements for the British Army in France. She was then chalenged by the german submarine U-24 but her captain ignored the warning shots and tried to escape, which proved a mistake. The crew were allowed to abandon ship and the vessel was sunk by two torpedoes fired into her stern. Twenty-nine members of the crew, mostly American, were lost in the sinking.

This is said to have sparked the entry of the United States on the conflict. As far as I know the wreck has been found by archaeologist diver Innes McCartney about 20 miles off the place it was thought to be resting.
ref. used 
 Discovery/History Channel
Lettens Jan04/04/2013UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office


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About Owners
 
White Star Line, Oceanic Steam Nav. Co., Ismay, Liverpool

In 1867-1868 the founder Thomas Henry Ismay bought the goodwill and flag of another White Star Line. Most ships had their name ending with "ic".

A fierce competitor to the Cunard Line on the North Transatlantic route, Cunard bought the White Star Line in 1934 to form the Cunard White Star Line Ltd.

Lloyd's reference: 1423

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About Builders
 Harland & Wolff Ltd., Belfast & Glasgow
Harland and Wolff was formed in 1861 by Edward James Harland and Hamburg-born Gustav Wilhelm Wolff. Based in Belfast at Queen’s Island, Harland and Wolff are a huge and very important shipbuilding company. The shipbuilding complex is only one of two yards left in the U.K. capable of building large merchant ships. The yard was most well known for building high-class transatlantic passenger liners and was considered to be the best in the world. The company has built over 1700 ships at four yards and has been in operation for over 135 years.

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SS Armenian [+1915]
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