british SS Girdleness [+1918]
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nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1905
is nickname no
live live
weight (tons) 3018  grt
dimensions 100.6 x 14 x 6.7 m
material steel
engine 1 triple expansion engine by Blair & Co. Engine serial No. 1528.
armament 1 x 4 inch & 1 x 2 inch howitzers.
power 280  h.p.
speed 10  knots
yard no. 414
IMO/Off. no. 120512
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 02/05/1918  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.2rank: 667
about people
Ropner & Sons Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
engine by
Blair & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
last owner
[1]Letricheux & David Ltd., Swansea
SS Girdleness [+1918]
period 1918 ~ 1918
IMO/Off. no.: 120512
prev. owners
[2]Gould J. C. & Co. Ltd. - Griffiths, Lewis & Co. - Griffiths Lewis Steam Navigation Co. Ltd.), Cardiff
SS Grelisle
period 1917 ~ 1918
[3]Farrar, Groves & Co. - Fargrove Steam Navigation Co. Ltd., London
SS Rockabill
period 1913 ~ 1917
[4]Holman R. H. & Sons, John Holman, London
SS Blacktor
period 1905 ~ 1913
no. of crew 35
no. of passengers 0
about the wreck
status broken in several pieces
depth (m.) 32 max. / 26 min. (m)
position on seabed upright
visibility excellent
protected no
war grave no
 Joe Clarke, Building Ships On The North East Coast
entered by Allen Tony
entered 15/03/2006
last update Lockett Graham
last update 22/11/2010
[1] Lettens Jan11/10/2011
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
ref. used
 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  

Lettens Jan11/10/2011

UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office

Hutchinson Steve09/12/2010

Large wreck. Prop shaft is on mountings holding it about 2-3m above general wreckage. Lots of patent coal fuel blocks with pheonix stamp. Engine and boilers are the highest point.
ref. used
 Steve Hutchinson, Harlyn Dive School, Padstow

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copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Alan Betteney , Shipbuilding in Stockton and Thornaby 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Lockett Graham  
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
Lettens Jan24/10/2010SS Girdleness, built by Ropner & Son, Stockton in 1905 and owned at the time of her loss by English SS. Co. Ltd. (Letricheux & David, Ltd.), Swansea, was a British steamer of 3018 tons.

On May 2nd, 1918, Girdleness Swansea - ? with a cargo of patent fuel, was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-60 (Franz Grünert), 1.5 miles northwest of Cambeck Point, Bude Bay. 2 persons were lost.
Allen Tony23/08/2007Girdleness was a 3,018grt, defensively-armed British Merchantman. On the 2nd May 1918 she was torpedoed and sunk without warning when 18 miles NE by E ½ E from Trevose Head, North Cornwall, UK. 2 lives lost.
ref. used: 
 His Majesty'S Stationary Office, British Merchant Shipping (Losses) WW1
Lettens Jan11/10/2011UK hydro member
ref. used: 
 UK Hydrographic Office

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About Builders
 Ropner & Sons Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
In 1888 Robert Ropner purchased the four-berth yard from Pearse, lockwood & Co. The shipyard was to be run by his son William who had been learning the business with Richardson Duck across the river. By the end of 1889 the yard had built 4 steamers for his company, all in steel, namely: "Maltby" & "Aislaby" both 4,350 ton dwt., "Raisby" 3,300 tons dwt and "Thornaby" 2,600 tons dwt. The total output for the yard in 1889 was 29,000 tons. By 1895 the yard was the third largest in the country with an output of 50,000 tons of shipping. A major innovation for the yard was the building of the first "trunk deck" steamer the "Trunkby", launched on the 21st October 1896 (4,000 tons dwt). This was a revolutionary design patented by Robert Ropner Junior. The yard was to build a total of 44 trunk deck ships. The yard was extended over the years and in 1914 employed some 1,500 people. In 1919 the yard was purchased by a syndicate of London and Cardiff ship owners and re-named Ropner Shipbuilding & Repairing Co. (Stockton) Ltd. In Dec. 1922 this company went in to voluntary liquidation. Though ships continued to be built with the "Willowpool" being the last ship built in 1925, with a yard number of 549. The company went in to final liquidation on 7th June 1928.

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Blair & Co. Ltd., Stockton-On-Tees
Blair & Co. was formed from the engine maker Fossick & Hackworth.
In 1855 George Blair was appointed manager and in the spring of 1865 he was made a partner and the company became Fossick, Blair & Co. when Hackworth retired. Fossick died in 1866 and the company became Blair & Co. Blair was responsible for the expansion of the works to specialise in marine engines.

At this time the company had 700 employees (later to rise to 2,000) and covered an area of seven and a half acres. The first compound marine engine on the Tees was built by Blair's in January 1869 and fitted to the "Glenmore" built by Backhouse & Dixon.

In 1884 the company produced its first triple expansion engine for the "Burgos" built by Richardson Duck. In 1887 the sheerlegs, which were to become a Stockton landmark for many years were errected at a cost of £2,695. These shearlegs were capable of lifting up to 100 tons and were sighted near the river to lift marine engines into newly built ships.

By 1914 almost 1,400 marine engines had been built. At least 340 for Pearse, and later Ropner, 240 for Richardson Duck and 103 for Thomas Turnbull at Whitby. A total of 75 engines were built during the First World War.

The company was taken over by Gould Steamships and Industrials in 1919.

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SS Girdleness [+1918]
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