british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMT Lochiel (FY14) [+1918]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose war (prev. transport)
type patrol boat (ex-ferry)
propulsion steam
date built 1908
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 241  grt
dimensions 41.1 x 6.7 x 2.7 m
material steel
engine Steam compound engine, one boiler, single shaft by Ross & Duncan, Glasgow
armament Two guns fitted for Admiralty service, one 6-pounder and one 12 pounder.
power 74  n.h.p.
speed  
yard no. 207
IMO/Off. no. 128207
about the loss
cause lost mine
date lost 24/08/1918  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.12rank: 648
about people
builder
Scott & Sons Co. (Bowling), Bowling
engine by
Ross & Duncan, Govan
last owner
[1]British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
HMT Lochiel (FY14) [+1918]
period 1917 ~ 1918
IMO/Off. no.: 128207
prev. owners
[2]Macbrayne David Ltd. - Coast Lines - LMS Railway, Glasgow
SS Lochiel
period 1908 ~ 1917
captain N. Mcdougall
about the wreck
status well broken up
depth (m.) 51 max. / 46 min. (m)
orientation 155°
position on seabed upright
visibility average
current normal
sea bed hard ground
protected no
war grave no
references
references
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 10/03/2006
last update Racey Carl
last update 24/08/2013
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
mark add position to my marks (+/-5miles)
dist. homeportdist. homeport
ref. used
 UK Hydrographic Office
position disp.
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan06/08/2007

As always for this area this is a slack water dive.

Lettens Jan01/10/2009

UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office

Racey Carl14/01/2014

This is a fairly well decayed and broken wreck, sat on an even keel, with only the stern section been mainly intact. From the stern to the front of the boilers it is still up off the seabed, with more freeboard on the port side. Many intact items of crockery have been found here in the silt. Forward of the boiler the wreck has fallen down to the seabed. The ship's bell was recovered from here.

The bow is well scattered and have collapsed to starboard, there is much evidence of a forward explosion here. A large 12 pounder gun in strewn in the seabed along with a porcelain toilet. Floating and wound-up trawl nets are laid on and over the stern, and also one hanging up from the boiler. The 6 pounder stern has being removed and recovered by divers along with many 12" brass backed portholes.
ref. used 
 Carl Racey & Crew


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copyright: Racey Carl
 
 copyright: Racey Carl copyright: Racey Carl copyright: Steve Tunstall copyright: Steve Tunstall 
 
 copyright: Bob Inman copyright: Racey Carl copyright: Racey Carl copyright: Racey Carl 
 
 copyright: Racey Carl copyright: Glasgow University Archives copyright: UK Hydrographic Office  
 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Lettens Jan19/05/2011HMT LOCHIEL was escorting convoy UT.76 which left Humber at 0400 hrs. on July 24, 1918 and was due to arrive Tyne at 2100 hrs. the same day. HMT LOCHIEL was the 'Senior Officer' of the armed trawler section of the escort group which consisted of four destroyers and five armed trawlers protecting a convoy of 38 merchant ships. At 1615 hrs. HMT Lochiel was blown up, cause unknown, in position 54.36.30N, 00.40W (a second report quotes 00.48W).

It is not known whether she was sunk by a mine or torpedo but, since no U-boat claimed the victim, it is presumed that she struck a mine. It should be noted however that at 1830 hrs, in approximate position 54.41N, 01.02W, the Greek steamer 'KILKIS', the second largest ship in convoy UT.76 at 4,302 tons, was torpedoed and sunk by UC-70. Eleven crew members are known to have lost their lives in HMT LOCHIEL:

Plymouth Memorial
BRANNON, Fireman, THOMAS, 701175.
CROCKFORD, Greaser, GEORGE HENRY.
LANGLEY, Deck Hand, WALTER.
LOVEJOY, Deck Hand, ALFRED LEONARD.
MAYNARD, Deck Hand, THOMAS JAMES.
MITCHELL, Fireman, HERBERT JAMES.

Chatham Memorial
COOK, Engineer Sub-Lieutenant, ROBERT DUFF.
INMAN, Ordinary Seaman, ROBERT HARDWICK, J/42548.
MORRISON, Seaman, ANGUS, 2748A.
ROBERTSON, Seaman, ALEXANDER, 7722A.
SANDERCOCK, Sub-Lieutenant, COURTENAY LYNE.
ref. used 
  convoyweb.org.uk
Racey Carl04/01/2012The Admiralty, who owned the LOCHIEL at the time of loss, requisitioned her in 1917 as a Mine-sweeper No. 14 and armed her with two deck guns.

At 1615 hrs on Wednesday, 24 July 1918 LOCHIEL (Skipper D. Macdougall) was escorting the 'UT' - Humber to Tyne - convoy at position 54 36 30'N / 00 04'W, when she foundered and was lost. No mines were laid around that area, but the KDM submarine SMU UB-34, commanded by Oblt.z.S. Erich Forste , fired a single torpedo at a 2000-ton steamer in a large convoy. The U-boat then dived, probably to avoid being rammed by another vessel in the path of the U-boat. Forste reportedly heard an explosion and presume he had sunk the vessel he had fired at.

The location of the sinking given by UB-34 was: 54 38'N / 00 54'W, Oblt.z.S. Forste did note, however, that the convoy's escorts included trawlers, which can manoeuvre easily. Escort vessels counter attacked and 30 depth charges were noted as going off, but the submarine got away safely.

It is certainly possible that the LOCHIEL was inadvertently torpedoed by UB-34 although not the intended target, if it got in the way of the U-boat and the vessel that the UB-34 fired the torpedo at.

Twelve crew died with the sinking of the LOCHIEL. The Admiralty replaced the vessel for David MacBrayne at the end of the First World War.
ref. used 
 Young, Ron, The Ultimate Shipwreck Guide: Whitby To Berwick
Racey Carl26/03/2009Yard No 207; Launched 30/05/1908; Vessel had one small forward hold but was generally intended to carry passengers and the Royal mail. Two guns fitted for Admiralty service, one 6-pounder and one 12 pounder. Ref “Ships of the Royal Navy” J. J. Colledge Vol 2, Greenhill Books.

Admiralty records suggest that the LOCHIEL was a trawler (hired on 12th June 1917), in fact she was a ferry owned by David MacBrayne and was used for submarine patrol duties along with her sister ship the DIRK.

In peace time the vessels had carried passengers and mail around the Scottish isles. The Admiralty were to loose both of these vessels during the war and had to replace both of them. The LOCHIEL was lost off Whitby and the DIRK off Flamborough Head.
ref. used 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Racey Carl14/03/2009No one is certain as to whether the LOCHIEL was sunk by mine or torpedo. No submarine claimed her as a kill and diving reports reveal that her bow section is badly damaged. It is therefore more likely that loss was caused by collision with a German laid mine.

Previously listed as a hired Trawler. No mention in Der Krieg Zur See. Presumed mined, with loss of all the crew.

The LOCHIEL was identified by the name on her bell which was recovered on 28th August 1993.

Glasgow University Archive are keepers of the records of the shipbuilder Scott & Sons of Bowling and have kindly supplied a photograph of her on her measured mile in the Clyde. They have also provided details from the yards Particulars Book which include, a full list of construction materials and fittings with their cost in 1908.
ref. used 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office
Allen Tony25/03/2008Lochiel HMT was a defensively armed trawler of the British Royal Navy sunk by a mine.

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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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