british Gas Light & Coke Co. (Stephenson Clarke & Co) SS Lampada [+1917]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
subtype/class coal cargo ship (collier)
propulsion steam
date built 1889
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 2220  grt
dimensions 85.65 x 12.19 x 6.04 m
material steel
engine Triple expansion engine by J. Dickinson & Sons, Sunderland, two boilers, single screw.
armament One 6 pounder Hotchkiss gun, One Lewis anti-aircraft
power 209  n.h.p.
speed  
yard no. 180
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
date lost 08/12/1917  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.5rank: 660
about people
builder
Short Brothers Ltd., Pallion (Sunderland)
engine by
Dickinson, John & Sons, Sunderland
last owner
[1]Gas Light & Coke Co. (Stephenson Clarke & Co), London
SS Lampada [+1917]
period 1915 ~ 1917
prev. owners
[2]Tully John & Sons, Sunderland
SS Snilesworth
period 1889 ~ 1915
captain Joseph Cook
no. of crew 22
about the wreck
status well broken up
depth (m.) 44 max. / 41 min. (m)
orientation 120°
position on seabed upright
visibility average
current normal
sea bed hard ground
protected no
war grave no
references
references
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 10/03/2006
last update Racey Carl
last update 29/01/2012
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan06/08/2007

Dive on slack water only. A gun can be seen.

Lettens Jan01/10/2009

UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office

Racey Carl16/11/2012

First dived by NORTHSTAR in 1994:- a fairly large typical WW1 type cargo ship having a triple expansion engine which is laid on it’s starboard side. She has two single boilers but the furnaces not fully visible being somewhat sited up.
The bow section has calsped back and over a little but is still standing up some 4m. The two large winches are down at the lower hold level. There is a resident, old, large trawl net, floating up around 10m high from the bow.
Dived by FRANCIS ANNE in 1996 and Dick Sellers reported a large gun at the stern which is lying on seabed.
Wreck thought to be LAMPADA.
ref. used 
 Carl Racey & Crew

Racey Carl16/11/2012

Dived by EMPRESS (Rob Broadhead's RIB) on August 2003 and they reported:- The bows face towards the north west and the wreck has no sign of any cargo. The remains of a compass and finndess bar where recovered.
In June 2006 a brass steering pedestal top and wheel boss inscribed. John Lynn & Co Ltd - Makers - Sunderland was recovered.
This wreck is known to be dived by the Whitby charter boat run by Alan Holmes.
ref. used 
 Scarborough Sub-Aqua Club

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copyright: Racey Carl
 
 copyright: Racey Carl copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
   copyright: Racey Carl , A Century of Steamship Losses  
 
 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Racey Carl27/02/2009The s.s. LAMPADA was on passage from Tyne to London with a cargo of coal. She was in convoy with 16 vessels ahead of her and another 3 astern. They were making 9 knots on a heading of SEE in the war channel. The sea was choppy in a light SW wind, the weather fine with visibility of about seven miles.

At 3.20 p.m. they were 3 miles north of Whitby when one of the convoy spotted a submarine and opened fire with 2 rounds. About 4 minutes later, without being seen, a torpedo struck the LAMPADA. It hit in the forward part of the No3 hold just behind the engine room on the port side and about 14 feet below the water line....

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ref. used 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Racey Carl07/09/2009Built for J. Tully & Sons, Sunderland as the SNILESWORTH; Yard No 180; Launched 15/11/1888; Armed with One 6 pounder Hotchkiss gun, & One Lewis anti-aircraft; Same fleet as LANTHORN 2299/89, SUNTRAP 1353/04, GLOW 1141/00, PHARE 1282/06 and ARDENS 1274/78, all sunk off the Yorkshire coast during WW1 by German U-boats, whilst transporting coal from Tyne to London. (all managed by Stepenson Clarke´s). The BATTERSEA 860/02 was lost in a collision off Robin Hood’s Bay in 1918.
The LAMPADA was torpedoed by UB-75, the torpedo hit the fore part of the No 3 hold near the engine room, about 14 feet below the water line, on the port side. 22 crew, 3 died of exposure 2 drowned.
ref. used 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Racey Carl25/10/2009After sinking the SS Frithjof Eide on 09/11/1917 (1109 tons) in Filey Bay the UB-75 commenced her 2nd patrol on 29th November off Yorkshire Coast sinking the SS Aigburth on 05/12/1917 (824 tons) 2 miles off Robin Hood’s Bay; SS Highgate 07/12/1917 (1780 tons) 3 miles off Robin Hood’s Bay; SS Lampada 08/12/1917 (2220 tons) 3 miles NW of Whitby; SS Venetia 09/12/1917 (3596 tons) 3 miles NNW of Whitby.
It is possible the UB-75 sank the SS Ottokar (957 tons) in the Whitby area, on 11/12/1917. The UB-75 failed to return to Borkum on 13/12/1917.
ref. used 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office
Allen Tony21/08/2007Lampada was a 2,220grt, defensively-armed British Merchant Ship. On the 8th December 1917 when 3 miles North from Whitby she was torpedoed without warning and sunk by submarine. 5 lives lost.
ref. used 
 His Majesty'S Stationary Office, British Merchant Shipping (Losses) WW1


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About Owners
 
Gas Light & Coke Co. (Stephenson Clarke & Co), London

The Gas Light and Coke Company (GLCC), World’s First Public Supplier of Gas, were formed in 1812, the year of Napoleon’s great retreat from Moscow. In 1868, the GLCC received the Royal Assent to build a gas works along the side of the River Thames between the entrance of the Barking Creek and the Royal Victoria Dock.

Existed from 1812 - 1949. Not sure if the flag is correct. -- NORTH THAMES GAS BOARD from 01/05/49

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About Builders
 Short Brothers Ltd., Pallion (Sunderland)
George Short started in 1850, and moved to Pallion in 1869. Short’s built more ships for local owners than any other yard. It closed in 1964 when the firm was unwilling to redevelop and build bigger ships. The yard was demolished, although Bartram’s took over the fitting out quay, which was still in use in the 1980s.
 
 
  History  
 
Racey Carl27/02/2009The s.s. LAMPADA was on passage from Tyne to London with a cargo of coal. She was in convoy with 16 vessels ahead of her and another 3 astern. They were making 9 knots on a heading of SEE in the war channel. The sea was choppy in a light SW wind, the weather fine with visibility of about seven miles.

At 3.20 p.m. they were 3 miles north of Whitby when one of the convoy spotted a submarine and opened fire with 2 rounds. About 4 minutes later, without being seen, a torpedo struck the LAMPADA. It hit in the forward part of the No3 hold just behind the engine room on the port side and about 14 feet below the water line.

As the ship began to sink there appears to have been a good deal of panic. The engineers left the engine room without waiting for orders and without stopping the engines. As a consequence of this the ship had so much way on her when the lifeboats were lowered that they were immediately swamped alongside.

Of the 22 crew, 3 died of exposure and 2 were drowned. The survivors were picked up by motor launches apart from the master who was picked up by the s.s. IGNAU and later transferred to a fishing boat. All were landed at Whitby.

Two Officers were later critical of the master who left the ship in the second boat without waiting to see if the remainder of the crew into the boats. The LAMPADA floated for 15 minutes before sinking and it was later considered that had the ship been stopped there would have been ample time to get the boats safely away.
ref. used 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
 
 
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SS Lampada [+1917]
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