british Gas Light & Coke Co. (Stephenson Clarke & Co) SS Lanthorn [+1917]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
subtype/class coal cargo ship (collier)
propulsion steam
date built 1889
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 2299  grt
dimensions 88.7 x 11.92 x 6.58 m
material steel
engine Steam triple expansion, 1 double boiler, Single shaft, by T. Richardson & Son Ltd. Hartlepool
power 202  n.h.p.
speed  
yard no. 184
IMO/Off. no. 95287
about the loss
cause lost charges/explosives
other reasons gunfire - shelled
date lost 21/05/1917  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties 0
about people
builder
Short Brothers Ltd., Pallion (Sunderland)
engine by
Richardson T. & Sons, Hartlepool
last owner
[1]Gas Light & Coke Co. (Stephenson Clarke & Co), London
SS Lanthorn [+1917]
period 1917 ~ 1917
IMO/Off. no.: 95287
prev. owners
[2]James Westoll Ltd., Sunderland
SS Magnus Mail
period 1889 ~ 1917
IMO/Off. no.: 95287
captain Tllotson / W.S. Sewan
no. of crew 18
about the wreck
status broken in several pieces
depth (m.) 31 max. / 25 min. (m)
orientation 20°
position on seabed upright
visibility bad
current normal
sea bed mud
protected no
war grave no
references
references
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 10/03/2006
last update Racey Carl
last update 05/01/2012
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan06/08/2007

Dark Wk should only be dived at slack water. Lots of nets.

Lettens Jan01/10/2009

UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office

Lettens Jan03/12/2010

UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office


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  Pictures  
 
copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu    
 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Racey Carl24/10/2009Built for J. Westoll, Sunderland, as the MAGNUS MAIL, one of the last clipper stemmed tramp steamers to be built; Aquired by Gas Light & Coke Co in 1916; Same fleet as Lampada 2220/89, Suntrap 1353/04, Glow 1141/00, Phare 1282/06 and Ardens 1274/78, all sunk off the Yorkshire Coast during WW1 by German U-Boats, whilst transporting coal from Tyne to London (managed by Stepenson Clarke’s). Battersea 860/02 was lost in a collision off Robin Hood’s Bay in 1918.

The LANTHORN was shelled and captured by UB-41 (some reports U-46) & scuttled with bombs, taken in tow by Whitby vessels before sinking half a mile South of Whitby Rock Bouy. The submarine was reported to have U-46 on her very high conning tower, approximately 300 feet long.
ref. used 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Racey Carl14/04/2009The s.s. LANTHORN was returning from London to Newcastle in ballast. At 9 a.m. she was 3 miles E of Whitby High light and making nine and a half knots, keeping close to the war channel buoys, steering NNW. The weather was hazy and there was a strong easterly swell and light easterly breeze.
A submarine attacked from astern on the surface. The first shot struck just astern of midships and carried through to the saloon. The second and third shots struck the port quarter and the forth, fifth and sixth fell just short. The seventh and eighth shots struck the stoke hold and engine room and burst the main steam pipe. The order was given to abandon ship, and the crew made for shore in the boats.
By this time the submarine had come around to the east of the ship and she was described as been about 300 feet long with a very high conning tower with U-46 on the side of it. She was dirty grey and old in appearance with two masts standing, the after one rigged as a drifter. As the crew rowed away, the submarine was seen to come along side the ship and it was assumed that she was boarded.
Half an hour later, in the distant haze, the crew saw a large explosion, amidships, on the starboard side. They then lost sight of the vessels in the haze and they did not see their ship sink. Soon afterwards all 18 were picked up by fishing boats close to Whitby rock buoy.
Miraculously the LANTHORN survived this bombing and the Germans fled. She was taken in tow and reached a position half a mile south of Whitby Rock buoy before she finally succumbed to her damage and sank.
ref. used 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Racey Carl24/10/2009Sinkings along the Yorkshire coast by UB-41 during 1917- ELLIDA (1124 tons) sank off Runswick Bay, Whitby on 19th April 1917; LANTHORN (2299 tons) scuttled by bomb off Whitby High on 22th May 1917; MONARCH (1318 tons) sank off North Cheek, Robin Hood’s Bay, on 23th May 1917; TALISMAN (153 tons) sank ESE of Hartlepool on 6th August 1917; HARROW (1777 tons) sank off North Cheek, Robin Hood’s Bay, on 8th Sept 1917; CLYDEBRAE (502 tons) sank off Scarborough on 2nd October 1917.
ref. used 
 Racey Carl, A Century of Steamship Losses
Lettens Jan03/12/2010UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office
Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
ref. used 
 UK Hydrographic Office
Allen Tony26/06/2007Mystery surrounds this wreck. May also be called the Spero.

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  Documents  
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About Owners
 
Gas Light & Coke Co. (Stephenson Clarke & Co), London

The Gas Light and Coke Company (GLCC), World’s First Public Supplier of Gas, were formed in 1812, the year of Napoleon’s great retreat from Moscow. In 1868, the GLCC received the Royal Assent to build a gas works along the side of the River Thames between the entrance of the Barking Creek and the Royal Victoria Dock.

Existed from 1812 - 1949. Not sure if the flag is correct. -- NORTH THAMES GAS BOARD from 01/05/49

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About Builders
 Short Brothers Ltd., Pallion (Sunderland)
George Short started in 1850, and moved to Pallion in 1869. Short’s built more ships for local owners than any other yard. It closed in 1964 when the firm was unwilling to redevelop and build bigger ships. The yard was demolished, although Bartram’s took over the fitting out quay, which was still in use in the 1980s.

Richardson T. & Sons, Hartlepool
Thomas Richardson developed his business of marine steam engines, but constructed two vessels in 1845-1846. He died in 1850 and his two sons, Thomas and John built a further series of vessels between 1855 and 1857. The Richardson name became prominent in the field of marine engineering in the town. --- Company became T. Richardson & Son Ltd., Hartlepool

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SS Lanthorn [+1917]
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