british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Torrent (+1917)
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type destroyer
subtype/class R class destroyer (br.)
R class destroyer (br.) Recruit HMS (+1917)
propulsion steam
date built 1917
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 975  disp (surf)
dimensions 84.1 x 8.2 x 2.8 m
material steel
engine 2 x steam turbines, 3 boilers, dual shaft
armament 3 x 4"/101.6 mm guns, 1 x 2 pdr. A.A., 4 x 21"/530 mm T.T. (2x2)
power 27000  s.h.p.
speed 36  knots
about the loss
cause lost mine
date lost 23/12/1917  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Wallsend
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
complement 82
about the wreck
depth (m.)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 26/06/2007
last update Racey Carl
last update 12/12/2009
 
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copyright: HM Royal Navy
 
 copyright: HM Royal Navy copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan12/12/2009The 23rd December 1917 must have been one of the worst days to remember for the British Royal Navy, as 3 destroyers and 252 seamen were lost in just one day.

HMS Tornado, HMS Torrent and HMS Surprise, were all three lost to a minefield laid by the Germans one month before near the Maas light Vessel to protect the port of Rotterdam.

They were all three just newly built in 1916-1917 and were at that time the best destroyers the British Royal Navy had.
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 Lettens Jan
Allen Tony26/06/2007HMS Torrent, British, R class Destroyer. Mined in the North Sea whilst going to meet a convoy. On the 23rd December 1917, Dutch North Sea coast, near Maas light buoy - mined. Torrent HMS and her three destroyer division ran into a minefield. Torrent HMS hit first, Surprise HMS went to assist and was mined, and as Tornado HMS tried to get clear, she detonated two mines and sank with only one survivor.

Only Radiant HMS got home. A total of 252 men were lost.

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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Wallsend
From: Janes Fighting Ships 1919

SWAN. HUNTER & WIGHAM RICHARDSON, LTD. (WALLSEND-ON-TYNE), Twenty-one building berths, fifteen of which are served by overhead electric cranes. Four berths covered in. Employees : about 8000. Annual gross shipbuilding capacity (1918) : 150,000 tons. Engine works : 100,000 H.P. output per year.

The dry docks dept, includes a large repairing yard with two graving docks and two floating docks. Engine works have developed the Neptune and Polar marine oil engines. Total area of works : 78 acres. Water frontage : 4000 ft. Shipyard also at Southwick-on-Wear, with three building berths. Allied firms are the Wallsend Slipway & Engineering Co., Ltd.. Wallsend ; Barclay. Curle & Co., Ltd., of Whiteinch, Govan. Elderslie and Glasgow.


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