british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Tornado [+1917]
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type destroyer
subtype/class R class destroyer (br.)
R class destroyer (br.) Recruit HMS (+1917)
propulsion steam turbine
date built 1917
status
unknown
details
weight (tons) 975  disp (surf)
dimensions 84.1 x 8.2 x 2.8 m
material steel
engine 2 x steam turbines, 3 boilers, dual shaft
armament 3 x 4"/101.6 mm guns, 1 x 2 pdr. A.A., 4 x 21"/530 mm T.T. (2x2)
power 27000  s.h.p.
speed 36  knots
yard no. 480
about the loss
cause lost mine
date lost 23/12/1917  [dd/mm/yyyy]
about people
builder
Stephen & Sons Ltd., Alexander Stephen, Glasgow
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
complement 82
about the wreck
depth (m.) 20 max. / 18.9 min. (m)
orientation
protected
war grave
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 12/10/2005
last update Lettens Jan
last update 23/12/2013
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan20/02/2009
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan20/02/2009

She lies in extremely busy waters, as she is just in front of the port of Rotterdam approach.

Due to the traffic, she must be a dangerous wreck to dive, explaining why there is no diving records of her.

Chances are great that a very special permission from authorities is needed to dive here.

She has probably been swept by authorities as she represents a danger to modern (deep) ships.
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 Lettens Jan

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 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Nederlandse Hydrografie copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu   
 
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  History  
 
Lettens Jan03/11/2010HMS TORNADO; British Navy destroyer; Built in 1917 by A. Stephen & Son; 1,091 tons; 276x26x11 ft.; 27,000 s.h.p.; 36 knots; turbine engines and Yarrow boilers; Armament of 3x4 in. guns and 4 T.T.;

In the night of 22nd December 1917, the destroyers Tornado and Torrent, both with a complement of 82, were on patrol duty in the North Sea, when off the Maas light-vessel they were attacked by enemy submarines and both were sunk.

Note: Hocking is wrong here: HMS Tornado and Torrent were not attacked by submarines, but both mined, together with HMS Surprise.
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 Hocking C. et Al.
Lettens Jan03/11/2010The 23rd December 1917 must have been one of the worst days to remember for the British Royal Navy, as 3 destroyers and 252 seamen were lost in just one day.

HMS Tornado, HMS Torrent and HMS Surprise, were all three lost to a minefield laid by the Germans one month before near the Maas light Vessel to protect the port of Rotterdam.

They were all three just newly built in 1916-1917 and were at that time the best destroyers the British Royal Navy had.
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 Lettens Jan
Allen Tony26/06/2007HMS Tornado, British, R class Destroyer. Mined in the North Sea whilst going to meet a convoy. On the 23rd December 1917, Dutch North Sea coast, near Maas light buoy - mined. Torrent HMS and her three destroyer division ran into a minefield.

Torrent HMS hit first, Surprise HMS went to assist and was mined, and as Tornado HMS tried to get clear, she detonated two mines and sank with only one survivor. Only Radiant HMS got home. A total of 252 men were lost.
Lettens Jan03/11/2010HMS TORNADO CREWLIST

ANDERSON, Robert L, Able Seaman, J 40476

BAKER, Alfred S, Stoker Petty Officer, 304334 (Dev)

BALL, Edward R, Leading Stoker, K 8542 (Dev)

BELL, Thomas, Able Seaman (RFR B 649), 196271 (Dev)

BENNING, Arthur F, Able Seaman, J 21918 (Dev)

BOOTON, Joseph T, Able Seaman (RFR B 632), 183679 (Dev)

BOUCHER, William R, Stoker 1c, K 29924

BROAD, Isaac T, Leading Cook's Mate, 347775 (Dev)

BROOKER, Alfred W, Stoker Petty Officer, 282606 (Dev)

CLARK, George J, Able Seaman, SS 6811 (Dev)...

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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Stephen & Sons Ltd., Alexander Stephen, Glasgow
Alexander Stephen and Sons Limited, often referred to simply as Alex Stephens, was a Scottish shipbuilding company based in Linthouse, Govan in Glasgow, on the River Clyde. Alexander Stephen, a member of the third generation of the family, merged the Aberdeen and Arbroath businesses in 1828 and then, after closing the Aberdeen yard in 1829, moved production to the Panmure yard in Dundee in 1842. In 1850 part of the business was transferred to Kelvinhaugh yard, now known as Yorkhill Quay, near Glasgow. The Arbroath yard finally closed in 1857. Then in 1870 the business moved to Linthouse near Glasgow.

In a tragic disater in 1883, the Daphne, a steamer, capsized after its launch from the yard, and 124 workers lost their lives. The Dundee shipyard was sold in 1893. In 1968, Stephens was incorporated into Upper Clyde Shipbuilders and was closed after the latter organisation collapsed in 1971.



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  History  
 
Lettens Jan03/11/2010HMS TORNADO CREWLIST

ANDERSON, Robert L, Able Seaman, J 40476

BAKER, Alfred S, Stoker Petty Officer, 304334 (Dev)

BALL, Edward R, Leading Stoker, K 8542 (Dev)

BELL, Thomas, Able Seaman (RFR B 649), 196271 (Dev)

BENNING, Arthur F, Able Seaman, J 21918 (Dev)

BOOTON, Joseph T, Able Seaman (RFR B 632), 183679 (Dev)

BOUCHER, William R, Stoker 1c, K 29924

BROAD, Isaac T, Leading Cook's Mate, 347775 (Dev)

BROOKER, Alfred W, Stoker Petty Officer, 282606 (Dev)

CLARK, George J, Able Seaman, SS 6811 (Dev)

CLEMO, Reginald, Stoker 2c, K 38321 (Dev)

CORNES, Joseph G, Ordinary Seaman, J 63192

COX, Alfred J, Chief Petty Officer, 202221 (Dev)

DEVENNY, Charles, Officer's Steward 3c, L 9346 (Dev)

DOBSON, Haco, Able Seaman, J 47978 (Dev)

EWART, Reginald, Officer's Steward 3c, (no service number listed)

FONE, William, Able Seaman, J 1075 (Dev)

FREELAND, James H, Gunner

GRANGER, Thomas H W, Leading Stoker, 310157 (Dev)

GRAY, Reginald J, Ordinary Telegraphist, J 38455 (Dev)

GREEN, Irving E, Able Seaman (RFR B 1291), 213485

HARRIS, John G, Able Seaman, J 7793 (Dev)

HEARN, Charles D T, Stoker 1c, K 31606 (Dev)

HILL, Colonel L, Stoker 1c, K 37467 (Dev)

HOLMAN, William C V, Able Seaman, 223720 (Dev)

JAMES, William C, Chief Stoker, 306224 (Dev)

JEPSON, Charles A, Chief Engine Room Artificer 2c, 271081 (Dev)

JOHNSON, Harry, Able Seaman, J 38483

KERSWELL, Charles J, Signalman, RNVR, London 2/2459

KING, Andrew, Wireman 2c, M 18898 (Po)

KING, Reginald C, Stoker 2c, K 40795 (Dev)

LAMBELL, Alfred H, Stoker 1c, K 43651 (Dev)

LANE, Tom W, Able Seaman (RFR B 5128), SS 2472

LEE, Arthur A, Able Seaman, J 13799 (Dev)

LEMON, Harold A, Stoker 2c, K 45145 (Dev)

LIDDLE, Morton R B, Act/Lieutenant

LOVE, Walter, Leading Seaman, 209960 (Dev)

LOVELL, William, Able Seaman, SS 7673 (Dev)

MACK, Ralph M, Lieutenant Commander

MARCH, John E, Able Seaman, RNVR, Tyneside Z 9198

MARDON, Sidney S B, Able Seaman, J 125 (Dev)

MARTIN, Arthur F, Engine Room Artificer 3c, M 6707 (Dev)

MATHEWS, George J, Engineer Lieutenant Commander

MCCABE, Thomas, Able Seaman (RFR B 2068), 178574 (Dev)

MCCALLAM, John, Ordinary Seaman, J 61277 (Dev)

MERCER, David, Able Seaman, J 23618 (Dev)

MILES, Albert, Able Seaman, J 67147 (Dev)

MORGAN, Joseph J, Stoker 2c, K 45146 (Dev)

MORLAND, Arthur, Leading Seaman, J 7671

NOBLE, Joseph, Stoker Petty Officer, 301503 (Dev)

O’KEEFE, James, Stoker 1c, K 32657 (Dev)

OYSTON, John W, Ordinary Seaman, J 70770 (Po)

PEACOCK, Jonathan, Ordinary Seaman, J 68514 (Po)

PETTIFER, Samuel W, Ordinary Seaman, J 58890 (Dev)

PRAVEY, Louis, Ordinary Seaman, J 65249 (Dev)

PUCKEY, Joseph H, Petty Officer 1, 207727 (Dev)

QUIGLEY, Patrick, Stoker 1c, K 37434 (Dev)

RENDLE, Charles J, Leading Stoker, 310437 (Dev)

ROONEY, William J, Able Seaman, J 36009 (Dev)

ROWLES, Charles B, Stoker 1c, K 16733

SANDERCOCK, Samuel, Stoker Petty Officer, K 5293 (Dev)

SILVESTER, Harold, Leading Telegraphist, J 21000 (Dev)

SIMMONDS, Harry L, Signalman, J 26410 (Dev)

SMYTH, Samuel, Ordinary Seaman, J 61607 (Dev)

SOLOMON, Tom, Stoker 2c, K 36960 (Dev)

SPITTLE, Frederick W, Engine Room Artificer 3c, M 6701 (Dev)

STOCKS, Samuel, Engine Room Artificer 4c, M 27051 (Dev)

TALKINGTON, Norman L, Leading Signalman, J 22884 (Dev)

THALLON, John B, Ordinary Seaman, J 60865 (Dev)

THOMPSON, William J, Able Seaman (RFR B 1026), 175096 (Dev)

TYLER, John L, Able Seaman, J 20335 (Dev)

WATTS, Thomas, Ordinary Seaman, J 58894 (Dev)

WEARNE, Robert W, Able Seaman, J 35650 (Dev)

WHITT, Ernest A, Stoker Petty Officer, K 6203 (Dev)

WILLIAMS, Frederick, Able Seaman, 176317 (Dev)
 
 
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HMS Tornado [+1917]
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