british Sir R. Ropner & Co. Ltd. (Pool Shipping) SS Hawnby [+1940]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type cargo ship
propulsion steam
date built 1936
is nickname no
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 5380  grt
dimensions 134.4 x 16.8 x 8.2 m
material steel
engine 2 steam turbines, 2 screws, dual shaft
power 2200  s.h.p.
speed 10.5  knots
yard no. 1063
IMO/Off. no. 162111
about the loss
cause lost mine
date lost 20/02/1940  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties 0
about people
builder
William Gray & Co., Ltd., West Hartlepool (Sunderland)
engine by
Central Marine Engineering Works Ltd., Hartlepool
owner
Sir R. Ropner & Co. Ltd. (Pool Shipping), West Hartlepool (Sunderland)
captain
no. of crew 39
about the wreck
depth (m.) 16 max. / 13.8 min. (m)
orientation 90°
position on seabed upright
protected
war grave
references
references
 Joe Clarke, Building Ships On The North East Coast
updates
entered by Slaats Martien
entered 03/12/2005
last update Lockett Graham
last update 22/08/2013
 
  Position  
 
[1] Lettens Jan01/10/2009
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Lettens Jan01/10/2009

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Allen Tony26/06/2007Hawnby was built in 1936 by Wm. Gray & Co., West Hartlepool and owned by the Ropner Shipping cpy. According to them she was mined in the Thames estuary on the 29th February 1940 and was 5404 tons.
Harland Donald06/08/2013Hawby was mined on 20 April 1940 not February. The master was W H Harland, who had been appointed four days before. He got the crew safely onto the capsized hull until they were all rescued.
Lettens Jan01/10/2009UK hydro member
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Slaats Martien21/01/2007Hawnby is door vliegtuigen van f.div:9 tot zinken gebracht

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About Owners
 
Sir R. Ropner & Co. Ltd. (Pool Shipping), West Hartlepool (Sunderland)

Lloyd's reference: 416
Founded in 1874 by Robert Ropner of Hartlepool, the company operated one of the largest fleets of tramp ships under the British flag. The principal business of the two companies which came under Sir R. Ropner & Co., were the Pool Shipping Co. and Ropner Shipping Co.
In 1946 a regular passenger / cargo service was started between Gulf of Mexico ports and the UK - Continent, originally from New Orleans and Houston to London and Bremen. Later the Continental calls were omitted with Liverpool, London and Manchester becoming the chief ports and occasional calls at Dublin and Glasgow. By 1954 the main ports in the Gulf were Mobile, New Orleans, Galveston, Houston, Tampa and Miami. This service continued until 1956 when it was discontinued due to strong competition from U.S. flagged ships. The ships were put to tramping and the passenger accommodation closed.
In 1997 the company was taken over by Jacobs Holdings Plc and still operates.

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About Builders
 William Gray & Co., Ltd., West Hartlepool (Sunderland)
William Gray and Company of Central Marine Engineering Works, West Hartlepool, was a shipbuilding firm from 1874-1963. They were the largest firm of shipbuilders in the Hartlepools and also lasted longer than any other local shipbuilding firm. For a hundred years the company ensured the towns’ prosperity by giving jobs to thousands of local people.

William Gray and Co always maintained its reputation for being in the vanguard of technological and technical innovation. The company regularly topped the output for British shipyards in the last decade of the nineteenth and early 20th century. Between 1883 and 1887 the yard expanded through the acquisition of one ten acre site (Central) and a three berth shipyard (Jackson).

Towards the end of the 19th century, demand was for bigger ships which could carry more cargo. This led to the opening, in 1887, of another Gray shipyard at the end of the Central Dock. In 1890 William Gray was knighted. He was active in the civil life of Hartlepool having been the first mayor of West Hartlepool among many other achievements.

In 1896 Matthew Gray died in 1896, followed two years later by both Sir William Gray, and Thomas Mudd. This left Sir William’s younger son, William Cresswell Gray, as Chairman of the company. In 1898 Sir William Gray died. His surviving son William Cresswell Gray became director of the yards.

During WWI output was 30 cargo-liners and tramps built to private order, 13 vessels built to Admiralty order and 30 standard "WAR" tramps built for the Shipping Controller. King George V and Queen Mary visited the yard to boost morale. The yard had a 100-ton hammer head crane which was a Hartlepool landmark until it was demolished in the 1960s.

The Company went into voluntary liquidation in 1962. The various yards were either acquired, auctioned or demolished in 1963.

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Central Marine Engineering Works Ltd., Hartlepool
Central Marine Engine Works of West Hartlepool and Hartlepool
 
 
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SS Hawnby [+1940]
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