british British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN HMS Hampshire [+1916]
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general
nationality british
purpose war
type cruiser
subtype/class Devonshire class cruiser
Devonshire class cruiser Argyll HMS [+1915]
propulsion steam
date built 1905
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 10850  disp (surf)
dimensions 137.2 x 20.9 x 7.3 m
material steel, armoured
engine 2 x 4 cyl. triple expansion engines, 23 Yarrow boilers, dual shaft, 2 screws
armament 4 x 7.5"/190.5 mm guns, 6 x 6"/152.4 mm guns, 18 x 3 pdr. guns, 2 x 18"/450 mm T.T.
power 21000  h.p.
speed 22.2  knots
yard no. 734
about the loss
cause lost mine
date lost 05/06/1916  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.643rank: 187
about people
builder
Armstrong W. G. & Whitworth Co. Ltd., Newcastle-Upon-Tyne
owner
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London
captain
complement 655
about the wreck
depth (m.) 70 max. / 55 min. (m)
orientation 152°
protected yes
war grave yes
updates
entered by Allen Tony
entered 07/10/2005
last update Lettens Jan
last update 26/10/2013
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan01/10/2009
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
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  The Wreck today  
 

Lettens Jan01/12/2007

The wreck of HMS Hampshire now lies in 70 metres, upside down and largely intact. The bow section has been devastated by the mine explosion and the more recent attention of salvors. The least depth to her upturned screw is 55 metres.

Lettens Jan01/12/2007

The wreck was designated as a controlled site under the Protection of Military Remains Act. She lies in around 65 metres of water off the north west coast of Orkney. In 1983 one propeller and part of a drive shaft were illegally salvaged. The prop was later given to Lyness museum, Orkney after protests.

Lettens Jan04/04/2013

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 UK Hydrographic Office


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copyright: HM Royal Navy
 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Allen Tony26/06/2007The HMS Hampshire was a armoured battle cruiser of the Devonshire class built for the Royal Navy. She was constructed at the Chatham Dockyard in Kent and commissioned in 1905 at a cost of around £900.000.

Weight/displacement: 10.850 ton. Length: 473,5 ft (144 m). Width: 68.5 ft (20,9 m). Draft: 24 ft (7,3 m). Speed: 22 knots (41 km/h); Armament: four 7,5 in (191 mm) guns; six 6 in (152 mm) guns; two 12-pounders (5 kg); eighteen 3-pounders (1,4 kg); two 18 in (457 mm) torpedo tubes.

Hampshire, carrying Lord Kitchener on a diplomatic voyage to Russia, struck a mine and sank with the loss of 643 officers and men including Lord Kitchener. Only 12 survivors. Mine believed to have been laid by U-75.
Lettens Jan30/11/2010Fritz Joubert Duquesne, a Boer and German spy, claimed to have sabotaged and sunk HMS Hampshire, killing Kitchener and most of the crew. According to German records, Duquesne assumed the identity of Russian Duke Boris Zakrevsky and joined Kitchener in Scotland.

On route to Russia, Duquesne signaled a German U-boat to alert them that Kitchener’s ship was approaching. He then escaped on a raft just before HMS Hampshire was destroyed.

Duquesne was awarded the Iron Cross for this act. In the 1930s and 40s, he ran the famous Duquesne Spy Ring and was captured by the FBI along with 32 other Nazi agents in the largest espionage conviction in U.S. history.
Lettens Jan04/04/2013UK hydro member
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About Owners
 
British Royal Navy - Admiralty - RN, London

In 1509 when Henry VIII was crowned he realised the growing navel power of King James IV of Scots. James had built an impressive fleet to control the Western Isles and was allied to France. Henry built up of his own fleet, the Navy Royal, as it was then known. New ships were constructed, the best known being the Mary Rose. Smaller types of warships (galleases) combining the best features of oars, sails and guns were also built. By Henry's death in 1547 his fleet had grown to 58 vessels.

In 1546 a 'Council of the Marine' was established which later became the 'Navy Board'. The Navy Board was in charge of the daily administration of the navy until 1832 when it was combined with the Board of the Admiralty.

Elizabeth I inherited a fleet of only 27 ships in 1558. Instead of building up her own fleet Elizabeth encouraged private enterprise against Spain's new empire. Men like Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake to command groups of Royal and private ships to attack the Spanish. When Spain threatened invasion with its Armada in 1588 the Navy of England both Royal and private defended the realm.

Early in the Seventeenth Century, larger galleons were built with heavier armaments. the largest English ship was Sovereign of the Seas built for prestige purposes by Charles I in 1637. The first ship with three gun decks to carry her 102 guns, she was the most powerful ship in the world for many years.

When King Charles II came to the throne in 1660 he inherited a huge fleet of 154 ships. This was a permanent professional national force and the beginning of the Royal Navy as we know it today.

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About Builders
 Armstrong W. G. & Whitworth Co. Ltd., Newcastle-Upon-Tyne
The company was a major British manufacturing company of the early years of the 20th century. Armstrong Whitworth engaged in the construction of armaments, ships, locomotives, automobiles, and aircraft.
 
 
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HMS Hampshire [+1916]
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