british Cunard Steamship Co. Ltd. - British & North American RMSP Co - Cunard White Star Line RMS Lusitania [+1915]
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  Details  
 
general
nationality british
purpose transport
type ocean liner
propulsion steam
date built 1906
status
live live
details
weight (tons) 31550  grt
dimensions 239.9 x 26.5 x 10.2 m
engine 25 Scotch boilers. 4 direct-acting Parsons steam turbines, 4 triple blade propellers
power 76000  h.p.
speed 26.7  knots
yard no. 367
IMO/Off. no. 124082
call sign
MFA  
MFA
about the loss
cause lost torpedo
other reasons explosion
date lost 07/05/1915  [dd/mm/yyyy]
casualties  max.1198rank: 82
about people
builder
John Brown & Co. Ltd., Clydebank (Scotland)
owner
Cunard Steamship Co. Ltd. - British & North American RMSP Co - Cunard White Star Line, Liverpool
captain William Thomas Turner
no. of passengers 1959
about the wreck
status bad state
depth (m.) 93 max. / -- min. (m)
orientation
position on seabed to starboard
visibility average
current normal
sea bed sand
protected yes
war grave
updates
entered by Andrewreck
entered 22/03/2006
last update Lettens Jan
last update 15/08/2013
 
  Position  
 
Lettens Jan06/08/2012
latitudeUK hydro member
longitudeUK hydro member
AISUK hydro member
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dist. homeportdist. homeport
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 UK Hydrographic Office
position disp.
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  The Wreck today  
 

Allen Tony26/06/2007

Lies about 12 miles off the south Coast of Ireland. The wreck was found by diver Jim Jarrett in 1935, and from then on, expeditions reported gaping holes in the wreck. So in 1993, Robert Ballard took a trip down to the wreck to find out what caused the second explosion. The ship was found to by lying on her starboard side, covering any damage, but the magazine itself appeard undamaged. The prescen ce of coal on the seabed led Ballard to conclude that the ship sank in 18 minutes due to the torpedo striking a coal bunker, and because she was at the end of her voyage, only dust would be present, which is highly explosive when shaken and ignited.

Smith Jim04/07/2008

the owner greg bemis is carrying out a detailed research trip in july 2008 using rov's and divers.  it was mentioned the discovery channel will be making a documentry

Lettens Jan04/04/2013

UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office

Algoet Gaetan25/05/2010

See documentary of Discovery Channel : Treasue quest season 1 episode 7 : Lusitania revealed
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  Pictures  
 
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 copyright: public domain copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
  copyright: UK Hydrographic Office copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Chipchase Nick copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu copyright: Unknown - onbekend - inconnu 
 
 
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  Hydrographic Service UK  
   
  History  
 
Allen Tony26/06/2007Lusitania RMS; propulsion: quadruple screw, four direct-acting Parsons steam turbines; Service speed: 25kts (46km/h); Builder: John Brown & Co. Ltd, Glasgow; Launch date: June 7 , 1906 Passenger accommodation: 563 1st class, 464 2nd class, 1,138 3rd class; Sunk : 07/05/1915; Location : South of Kinsale, Ireland

One of the more notorious disasters, this Cunard liner had set out from New York, USA, on 1st May 1915 with 1,959 people on board, including 440 women and 129 children, bound for Liverpool, England.

As she was approaching St. Georges Channel, England, on the 7th May, south of Kinsale, Ireland, she was torpedoed without warning by the German submarine U-20 (Kapitänleutnant Schwieger).

She sank in around 15 minutes with the loss of 1,198 souls.

Similar acts of aggression were to be repeated by Germany early in the Second World War. These days, however, hardened by the knowledge of far worse atrocities and fed theories of political correctness, we are more likely to accept excuses, and less likely to point the finger of blame.
Lettens Jan21/12/2009Anecdote :

The Captain of the torpedoed RMS Ivernia was the same captain as of RMS Lusitania (torpedoed in 1915): Captain William Thomas Turner .

Once again, Turner survived, but soon afterward, Cunard decided that " all Turner would be captain of, from then on, was his desk ".

Capt. Turner was fortunately exonerated of all false accusations for being partly responsible for Lusitania´s sinking.
Lettens Jan06/08/2012UK hydro member
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 UK Hydrographic Office
De Maisonneuve Bernard31/01/2009Le RMS Lusitania, est coulé le 7 mai 1915 à 14h10 près du Fastnet, à environ à 12 milles marins de la côte, au large de la pointe sud de l´Irlande (Old Head of Kinsdale), par un sous- marin allemand, le U-20. Le Lusitania était commandé par le capitaine William "Bowler Bill" Turner , âgé de 58 ans, officier expérimenté qui effectuait là son 102e voyage. Parti de New-York le 1er mai 1915 à destinat ion de Liverpool, après une escale d´une semaine (il était arrivé à New-York le 24 avril 1915).

Il aurait du être protégé par un croiseur britannique, le Juno, qui semble avoir été retiré de cette zone 2 jours plus tôt, le 5 mai 1915, par l´amiral Fisher et Winston Churchill lui-même, alors Premier lord de l´Amirauté. Le Lusitania a été touché par tribord alors qu´il naviguait à vitesse relativeme nt réduite vers le port de Queenstown (actuel Cobh), à 40 km de là sur la côte sud de l´Irlande. Cette zone venait d’être déclarée « zone de guerre » par les Allemands, et le capitaine a semble-t-il été informé de la présence d´un sous-marin allemand par les autorités britanniques. Selon les témoignages de survivants, le bruit de l´explosion à l´impact de la torpille a été suivi d´une seconde expl osion beaucoup plus violente, et anormale, officiellement attribuée à l´explosion d´une chaudière mais qui a rapidement suscité de nombreuses suppositions....

read more
ref. used 
[1] ARHIMS
[2]  archeosousmarine.n..
Lettens Jan06/06/2009U-20 ran aground in fog in Jutland in 1916. She was abandonned by her crew. Blown up by the Danish in 1925, there are still debris of her, including her motor near the coast.

U-20, Lt. Commander Walter Schwieger, became very famous for sinking the Lusitania, off Kinshead, Ireland, in 1915.

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  Documents  
 
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About Owners
 
Cunard Steamship Co. Ltd. - British & North American RMSP Co - Cunard White Star Line, Liverpool

Abraham Cunard, an American loyalist of German extraction, moved north to Canada after the War of Independence. His son Samuel became one of the leading businessmen in Halifax, Nova Scotia. He was awarded the Admiralty contract to carry mail by steam ship across the North Atlantic and to carry out the agreement founded the British and North American Royal Mail Steam Packet Co. . The mail service was inaugurated by 'Britannia' in 1840. In the 1850s the company extended its services to take on a Liverpool-Mediterranean route. In the early 1870s Cunard's supremacy in the North Atlantic was challenged by the White Star Line ; this revitalized the company's performance and it embarked on a programme of new building.


The North Atlantic Companies were hard hit by the 1930s recession and in 1934 Cunard took over White Star to form the Cunard White Star Line . Competition from air travel led to passenger retrenchment from the 1960s. The 'Queen Mary' and 'Queen Elizabeth' were sold but the company launched a new liner, the 'Queen Elizabeth 2' in 1969. In the 1970s the company diversified into cargo carrying. It is at present part of the American Carnival Corporation, with a fleet of three ships, cruising worldwide, including on its traditional transatlantic route.

Lloyd's reference: 1751


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About Builders
 John Brown & Co. Ltd., Clydebank (Scotland)
One of the largest naval shipbuilders in the UK, John Brown produced both battleships and cruisers in quantity for the Royal Navy and approved foreign clients (Chile, Japan). Brown's was also noted for ocean liners of the largest size and speed, including the LUSITANIA, AQUITANIA, QUEEN MARY, and both QUEEN ELIZABETHs for the Cunard Line. The company had its own steelworks in Sheffield and shipyard in Clydebank, a city actually named for its shipyard, near Dalmuir on the Clyde. At peak workforce before WWI the works directly employed over 10,000 men. In the midst of this prewar arms race and prosperity in 1907, the company issued a commemorative volume on the completion of the LUSITANIA. Not content to tout the ship herself, the company produced an impressive brag piece for the yard -- our source for many of the photos here reproduced. Notable warships built at the yard included the Japanese battleship ASAHI, the British battleships HINDUSTAN, AFRICA, and VALIANT (QE class), and the battlecruisers TIGER, REPULSE, INDEFATIGABLE, and HOOD. In 1971 Browns was sold to Marathon Oil. The shipyard remained in service to the North Sea oil industry before being closed by a successor company; the site was demolished in 2002. It is now the site of Clydebank Community College; a few of the original buildings and the giant Titan crane remain in the midst of a bulldozed wasteland. The engineering arm of John Brown continues (after several bouts of acquisition) as John Brown Engineering Gas Turbines Ltd, E. Kilbride, UK.

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  Movies  
 
Lettens Jan  28/06/2010
Lusitania
copyrights
 Unknown - onbekend - inconnu
May 7th 1915: RMS Lusitania, enrute from New York to England was torpedoed and sunk by the German Submarine U-20. It is to the victims that this video is declared
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  History  
 
De Maisonneuve Bernard31/01/2009Le RMS Lusitania, est coulé le 7 mai 1915 à 14h10 près du Fastnet, à environ à 12 milles marins de la côte, au large de la pointe sud de l´Irlande (Old Head of Kinsdale), par un sous- marin allemand, le U-20. Le Lusitania était commandé par le capitaine William "Bowler Bill" Turner , âgé de 58 ans, officier expérimenté qui effectuait là son 102e voyage. Parti de New-York le 1er mai 1915 à destinat ion de Liverpool, après une escale d´une semaine (il était arrivé à New-York le 24 avril 1915).

Il aurait du être protégé par un croiseur britannique, le Juno, qui semble avoir été retiré de cette zone 2 jours plus tôt, le 5 mai 1915, par l´amiral Fisher et Winston Churchill lui-même, alors Premier lord de l´Amirauté. Le Lusitania a été touché par tribord alors qu´il naviguait à vitesse relativeme nt réduite vers le port de Queenstown (actuel Cobh), à 40 km de là sur la côte sud de l´Irlande. Cette zone venait d’être déclarée « zone de guerre » par les Allemands, et le capitaine a semble-t-il été informé de la présence d´un sous-marin allemand par les autorités britanniques. Selon les témoignages de survivants, le bruit de l´explosion à l´impact de la torpille a été suivi d´une seconde expl osion beaucoup plus violente, et anormale, officiellement attribuée à l´explosion d´une chaudière mais qui a rapidement suscité de nombreuses suppositions.

Ce solide navire (ultra-moderne pour l´époque) coule anormalement vite et par la proue, alors qu´il disposait de compartiments étanches que le capitaine avait fait fermer par des portes étanches après avoir reçu un avis de la Royale annonçant q u´un sous-marin allemand croisait dans les parages (il avait aussi fait préparer les canots de sauvetage). Le paquebot a sombré en 15 à 18 minutes, ne permettant qu´à 6 canots sur 48 d´être mis à l´eau. Les notes du capitaine du sous-marin allemand le Kapitanleutnant Walther Schwieger, qui venait dans la semaine les 5 et 6 mai de couler 3 cargos dans ce secteur, nous apprennent qu´il a tiré sa tor pille à 700 mètres (500 yards) de distance à 14h10 et que l´impact a été suivi d´une « détonation exceptionnellement importante », avec un grand nuage de fumée et «des débris projetés jusqu´au dessus des cheminées».

En plus de la torpille, une deuxième explosion s´est produite ("chaudière, charbon ou poudre?" s´interroge-t-il). Des notes plus tardives de ce capitaine disent que le sous-marin avait déjà tiré ses meilleures torpilles et qu´il ne lui restait que 2 (3?) torpilles de bronze, moins puissantes. L´emplacement précis de l´épave semble rester inconnu ou oublié durant 20 ans jusqu´en 1935 où un officier survivant du Lusitania, Albert Bestic rapporte au capitaine Turner qui finit ses jours à Crosby près de Liverpool un papier presque illisible où il avait griffonné la position au mome nt du torpillage.
ref. used 
[1] ARHIMS
[2]  archeosousmarine.n..
 
 
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RMS Lusitania [+1915]
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