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31/10/1917 Phare SS [+1917] wreck
Phare SS [+1917]The Gas, Light and Coke Company steamer PHARE was carrying 1700 tons of gas coal out of the Tyne for London. She was following the buoyed channel in clear weather with a choppy sea. At 3 p.m. she was between the C and S buoys, on a line 60 yards inside them, when a torpedo was sighted. The helm was put hard over but the torpedo struck abreast of the after bulkhead of the engine room well below the water line. The crew of 18 rushed to the starboard lifeboat, but before it could be lowered the vessel turned over to port and the boiler burst. The master and crew jumped into the water and supported themselves on spars and debris. Two hours later they were picked up by the armed trawler CALVIA and landed at Scarborough. Of the 18 crew only 4 survived. Hydrographic reports at the time of loss give the position of the ship between 2.5 and 3 miles north of Scarborough, between and inside "can buoy ´C´ and can buoy ´S´". These were the swept channel markers in position during the WWI.
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31/10/1914 Hermes HMS (+1914) wreck
Hermes HMS (+1914)HMS Hermes, built by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., Glasgow in 1898 and owned at the time of her loss by the Royal Navy, was a British seaplane carrier of 5600 tons. On October 31st, 1914, HMS Hermes was sunk by the German submarine U-27 (Bernd Wegener), 8 miles WNW of Calais. 22 persons were lost.
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31/10/1962 Galantry MFV (+1962) wreck
Galantry MFV (+1962)On October 31st, 1962, the French trawler GALANTRY, built in 1953, sprang a leak and sank on the Grand Banks.
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31/10/2000 Ievoli Sun MV [+2000] wreck
Ievoli Sun MV [+2000]On 30 October 2000, at 4:30 a.m., the MRCC (Marine Rescue Co-ordination Centre) CROSS Corsen received a distress call from the Ievoli Sun, a chemical tanker flying the Italian flag. The vessel, en route from Fawley (UK) to Barcelona with 14 crew members and 6,000 tonnes of chemicals, was 45 nautical miles north of the île de Batz. The master reported a leak in the bow section double bottom. The maritime Prefect of the Atlantic in Brest mobilised the ocean-going tug Abeille Flandre, on stand-by at the île d'Ouessant, to lend assistance to the distressed vessel. A Super Frelon helicopter crew and an evaluation team arrived on site at 8:05 a.m. and, considering the gravity of the situation, began to winch the crew. The rescue operation ended successfully at 9:20 a.m.. At 12:00, the maritime Prefect activated the Polmar Mer (Polmar Sea) plan. On arrival on site, the Abeille Flandre noticed some pollution around the Ievoli Sun bow section. Weather and sea conditions in the area at that time made the risk of grounding obvious, therefore creating a major pollution threat on the Côtes d'Armor coast. After studying the possible options, a salvage team was winched on board the levoli Sun and passed a tow to the Abeille Flandre. Towing began at 5:15 p.m., at 4 knots to the North-East, the only possible route given both the weather and sea conditions and the vessel's position. On 31 October, at 9:00 a.m., at two thirds of the way down to shelter in the Cotentin peninsula, the Ievoli Sun sank at a depth of 70 m, 9 nautical miles north of the Casquets, 12 nautical miles from Alderney and 20 nautical miles from the Cap de la Hague.The situation changed hands within a few hours. The maritime Prefect in Cherbourg took over operations on the French side. From the late afternoon of 30 October he knew that the vessel was carrying 160 tonnes of heavy fuel and 40 tonnes of diesel plus a cargo of 3,998 tonnes of styrene, 1,027 tonnes of methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) and 996 tonnes of iso propylic alcohol (IPA). To meet potential risks of air pollution from styrene and marine pollution from fuel, general surveillance missions began immediately with the help of French and British vessels and aircraft. The wreck was marked out with beacon buoys and maritime traffic was diverted. Initial observations showed only a small number of slicks.The vessel sank in international waters, at the limit between French, British and Channel Islands waters. Within the framework of the Manche Plan, the English authorities sent representatives of the Maritime and Coastal Agency (MCA) to Cherbourg where the maritime Prefect had activated the Polmar Command Centre. On Tuesday, 31 October, at 07:00 p.m., the Manche Departmental Prefect implemented the Polmar Terre (Land) plan and set up the Polmar Command Centre at Saint-Lô Préfecture. On 1 November, the French Western Area of Defence, co-ordinator of the Polmar Terre (Land) plan, set up an emergency centre in its Command Centre in Rennes, still operational on the Erika pollution.
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31/10/1941 Rose Schiaffino SS (+1941) wreck
Rose Schiaffino SS (+1941)Rose Schiaffino SS was a British Cargo Steamer of 3,349 tons built in 1920. On the 31st October 1941 when on route from WABANA for CARDIFF carrying a cargo of 4,200 tons of iron ore she was torpedoed by German submarine U-374 and sunk off NEWFOUNDLAND. Crew of 41 lost.
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31/10/1943 K-94 (+1943) wreck
K-94 (+1943)On October 31st, 1943, U.S. airship K-94, en route from Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to San Juan, Puerto Rico, catches fire and crashes 35 miles north of Cape Borinquen, Puerto Rico.
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31/10/2002 Auriga MFV [+2002] wreck
Auriga MFV [+2002]See also this story on the BBC website.
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31/10/1943 Chedabucto HMCS (+1943) wreck
Chedabucto HMCS (+1943)On the 21st October, 1943 the cable ship LORD KEVIN collided with HMCS CHEDABUCTO hitting her in the Officers Wardroom, which led to the death of Sublieutenant Engineer D. W. Tuke, RCNVR. HMCS CHEDABUCTO eventually sank on the 31st October, 1943
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31/10/1944 Bremerhaven SS (+1944) wreck
Bremerhaven SS (+1944)Bremerhaven SS was a German ex-refrigerated cargo ship, converted to a troop transport in 1942 and then to a hospital ship early in 1944, sailed from the Latvian port of Windau at 5:30pm on October 29th, bound for Gotenhaven in the Bay of Danzig. On board were 1,515 wounded soldiers (stretcher cases) 156 walking wounded, 680 refugees, 511 workers from Organization Todt, 200 SS guards, 42 medical staff, 22 anti-aircraft gunners and 45 civilian crew, a total of 3,171 persons. At 9:30am on the 31st, the ship, commanded by Captain Grass, was attacked by five Russian planes when about 60 miles from its destination. Hit by one air-borne torpedo and two bombs, one of which exploded below deck setting the ship on fire. When the fire got out of control, the order to abandon ship was given. Luckily, the Bremerhaven (5355 Tons) stayed afloat long enough for rescue boats, including the tug-boat Danzig, to approach and save 2,795 from the burning vessel. Unfortunately, 410 souls were lost as the still burning vessel rolled over and sank at 7:30pm.
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31/10/1965 Friesenland MV [+1965] wreck
Friesenland MV [+1965]German coaster, grounded 31th october 1965.
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31/10/1780 Ontario HMS (+1780) wreck
Ontario HMS (+1780) Deep sea divers have found the wreck of a Royal Navy warship which sank during the American Revolution. The discovery of HMS Ontario, at the bottom of one of the Great Lakes on the US-Canada border, has been hailed an "archaeological miracle". The 22-gun vessel, with 130 men on board, disappeared without trace in Lake Ontario in a gale in 1780. The ship is now being treated as a war grave and there are no plans to raise it or remove any of its artefacts. Shipwreck enthusiasts Jim Kennard and Dan Scoville have revealed how they used side-scanning sonar and an unmanned submersible to find the 80ft (24.4m) ship. They claim HMS Ontario is the oldest confirmed shipwreck and the only fully-intact British warship to have ever been found in the North American Great Lakes. 14th June 2008
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31/10/1861 Peerless PSS (+1861) wreck
Peerless PSS (+1861)PSS Peerless was sunk in the Atlantic on the 14th November 1861 on the Port Royal Expedition. She was powered by two trunk engines.
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31/10/1869 Lightning SV (+1869) wreck
Lightning SV (+1869) LIGHTNING; Cargo; 2367 tons; Length: 74.1 m.; Owned by T. Harrison; Built at Donald Mckay in 1854. Registered at Liverpool. On 31 October 1869, LIGHTNING (Capt. Henry Jones) with a cargo of wool, tallow, copper, leather and wines, was lost due to a fire.
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31/10/1870 Mary M. Scott (+1870) wreck
Mary M. Scott (+1870)The Mary M. Scott with a cargo of iron ore was driven ashore in a storm where she broke her back.
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31/10/1875 Magenta (+1875) wreck
Magenta (+1875) Magenta Navire amiral de la flotte de la Méditerranée basé à Toulon (Provence). Explosa dans son port d'attache chargé du produit des fouilles de Carthage. 1994-1998: épave localisée, fouillée, antiquités (fragmentées par l'explosion retirées) et le navire dynamité pour ne pas entraver l'accès au port Flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet based in Toulon (Provence). Exploded in her home port in loaded of finds of Carthago. 1994-1998: wreck located, excavated, antiques (fragmented by the explosion) removed and the wreck blasted for not obstruct access to the port Buque insignia de la Flota del Mediterráneo basado en Toulon (Provenza). Explotó en su puerto de armamento cargado de los hallazgos de Carthago. 1994-1998: pecio localizado, excavado, antigüedades (fragmentados por la explosión) retiradas y el pecio dinamitado para no obstruir el acceso al puerto Navio insignia da Frota do Mediterrâneo baseado em Toulon (Provença). Explodiu no seu porto base carregado com descobertas de Carthago. 1994-1998: naufrágio localizado, escavada, antiguidades (fragmentadas pela explosão) removidas e o naufrágio explodido para não obstruir o acesso ao porto
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31/10/1885 William T. Graves SS (+1885) wreck
William T. Graves SS (+1885)Rig converted to propeller, Buffalo, NY, April 27, 1870 (207 x 35.42 x 14.25; 1001.30 gross). Work done by Robert Mills; deck cabins added about midships. Full-length deck cabin added at Toledo, OH, June 6, 1881 (207 x 35 x 14; 1074.52 gross - 821.89 net).Stranded on Dover's Point, on southwest tip of North Manitou Island, Lake Michigan, in snow storm on October 31, 1885; no lives lost. Was bound from Chicago for Buffalo with corn; schooner GEORGE W. ADAMS in tow.
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31/10/1894 Circassia SV (+1894) wreck
Circassia SV (+1894)
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31/10/1908 Edward Percy SV (+1908) wreck
Edward Percy SV (+1908) SV EDWARD PERCY Built by John Laird, Sons & Co., Birkenhead (#278); 917 grt, 842 nrt, 1183 dwt.; 187.0 x 31.2 x 20.7 On October 31st, 1908, the Norwegian barque SV EDWARD PERCY, owned at the time of her loss by Berg Ths., Stavanger, was on a voyage from Swansea to Cardenas with a cargo of coal, when she was wrecked, off P. Cebollas, Cuba. From Norway sources : 1861: Levert som EDWARD PERCY for Ed. Bates & Sons, Liverpool, UK 1890: Solgt til A. Blaney, Belfast, UK 1895: Solgt til Skibs A/S Edward Percy (Thomas Berg), Stavanger 1908: 31.10 .: Grunnstøtte ved P.Cebollas, Cuba, på reise Swansea – Cardenas med kull.
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31/10/1910 Paca Nova (+1910) wreck
Paca Nova (+1910)After a long service on the British Isles, the paddlesteamer PSS Brodick Castle was sold to Argentinian owners and renamed Ceca Nova (.?Peca Nova). Ceca Nova, however sank while under tow, off Portland.
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31/10/1911 D. Leuty SS (+1911) wreck
D. Leuty SS (+1911)She drove ashore in a gale while trying to enter the harbor at Marquette and later broke up. The vessel was a total loss, but after deckhouse was used as a summer cottage nearby until 1965.
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31/10/1912 Ariel SS (+1912) wreck
Ariel SS (+1912)On October 31st, 1912, the Swedish iron cargo ship ARIEL, built in 1883 by Smith T. & W. and owned Hudviksvalls Rederi AB, on voyage from Rotterdam to Riga with a cargo of coke, sank after a collision 8 miles south of Oland.
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31/10/1913 Kong Carl SV (+1913) wreck
Kong Carl SV (+1913) SV KONG CARL Built by P. Sager, Bremen; 520 grt, 470 nrt; 143.1 x 29.5 x 17.2 On October 31st, 1913, the Norwegian barque SV KONG CARL, owned at the time of her loss by Sohlberg T., Kragerø, was on a voyage from Grimsby to Brevik with a cargo of coal, when she was wrecked, off Figgenskjær, Langesundsfjorden. From Norway sources : 1865: Levert som KONG CARL for D. H. Berner m.fl., Stavanger 1886: Solgt til Sømme & Wattne m.fl., Stavanger 1892: Overtatt av Andreas Sømme m.fl., Stavanger 1895: Solgt til A/S Kong Carl (Fred. Wattne), Stavanger 1898: Solgt til Red.selsk. Kong Carl (Zacharias Christensen), Brevik 1901: Solgt til T. Sohlberg m.fl., Brevik 1912: Overtatt av Red.selsk. Kong Carl (T. Sohlberg), Kragerø 1913: 31.10. : Grunnstøtte på Figgenskjær i Langesundsfjorden på reise Grimsby – Brevik med kull.
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31/10/1914 Somali SS [+1914] wreck
Somali SS [+1914]The Somali was launched as the Osiris for the Deutsche Dampfahrt Gesellschaft and used for some years on the Hamburg - South America run. On 22 August 1901 the ship was sold to the Deutsche Ost Afrika Linie and renamed Somali sailing between Durban and Bombay. Towards the end of July 1914 the ship was anchored at Dar es Salaam awaiting cargo. The cruiser Königsberg had recently departed and would require a supply of coal and Somali was loaded and sailed on 3 August to contact the cruiser. War was declared the following day and two days later Königsberg captured the British merchant ship City of Winchester. Coal and provisions were transferred to the raider before the ship was scuttled. After a week of steaming around the Gulf of Aden with no further prizes, Königsberg was required coal and met Somali at Ras Hafun on the Somaliland coast. A second transfer was arranged at Aldabra Island following a fruitless search for French ships at Majunga in Madagascar. This was the last of the Somali’s coal, the only other source being German East Africa. Captain Herm of the Somali suggested taking refuge in the Rufiji Delta while coal was shipped from Dar es Salaam and other ports. After a brief run to Zanzibar in September to destroy H.M.S. Pegasus, Königsberg returned to the delta for engine repairs. At the beginning of November the cruiser H.M.S. Chatham arrived and shelled the Somali, which caught fire and burnt for four days becoming a total loss. During the next forty years the riverbank gradually encroached the wreck and before long the mangroves started growing through the ship. A recent visit showed part of the port side of the hull, bridge,top of the boiler, rudder stock and stem frame still visible in the heavy undergrowth.
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31/10/1914 Torgrim SS (+1914) wreck
Torgrim SS (+1914)Torgrim SS was a Swedish cargo steamer that was wrecked off Rattray Head on the 31st October 1914 when on a voyage from Stockholm for Grangemouth with a cargo of wood.
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31/10/1915 Aries ? HMY [+1915] wreck
Aries ? HMY [+1915]HMY Aries, built by Barrow Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., Barrow in 1880 and operated at the time of her loss by Royal Navy, was a British navy yacht of 268 tons. On October 31st, 1915, HMY Aries was sunk by a mine from the German submarine UC-6 (Matthias Graf von Schmettow), off Leathercoat. 22 persons were lost. Notes : 1. James Ramsden was the founder of Barrow Shipbuilding. 2. There was another yacht ARIES, launched in 1873 by Barrow for Ramsden, just like this ARIES.
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31/10/1915 Llama SS (+1915) wreck
Llama SS (+1915)The 3.189 ton American Tanker Llama, on route to Copenhagen, was lost on the Skea Skerries Reef, Westray Firth on the 31/10/1915 while attempting to enter Kirkwall to undergo contraband control. She sank, when slipping off the reef.
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31/10/1915 Louis HMS (+1915) wreck
Louis HMS (+1915)HMS Louis was a Laforey class destroyer built in 1913. On 31 October 1915, she was wrecked in Suvla Bay and then destroyed by the Turkish coastal artillery.
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31/10/1916 Glenlogan SS (+1916) wreck
Glenlogan SS (+1916)SS Glenlogan, built by Workman, Clark & Co. Ltd., Belfast in 1896 and owned at the time of her loss by Glen Line (McGregor, Gow & Co.), Ltd., Glasgow, was a British steamer of 5838 tons. On October 31st, 1916, Glenlogan, on a voyage from Yokohama to London & Hull with general cargo, was sunk by the German submarine U-21 (Otto Hersing), 10 miles southeast of Stromboli Island. There were no casualties.
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31/10/1916 Delto SS (+1916) wreck
Delto SS (+1916) SS DELTO SS Delto, built by W. Gray & Co., Ltd., West Hartlepool in 1908 and owned at the time of her loss by B. Stolt-Nielsen, Haugesund, was a Norwegian steamer of 3193 tons; 2028 nrt, 6200 dwt. 330.8 x 47.7 x 22.5; triple expansion engine (Centr. Mar. Eng. Works, W.Hartlepool), 278 nhp, 1200 ihp; On October 31st, 1916, SS Delto, on a voyage from Naples to Barry, in ballast, was sunk by the German submarine U-63 (Otto Schultze) . There were no casualties. From Norway sources : 1908: 01.05.: Levert som ROMSDAL for A/S Romsdal (Joh. Johanson & Co.), Kristiania 1915: 16.04.: Solgt til A/S Doris (Willy Gørrisen), Kristiania. Omdøpt MESNA 1915: 17.07.: Solgt til A/S D/S Havø (Henrik Østervold), Bergen 1915: 17.11.: Omdøpt HAVØ 1916: 18.01.: Solgt til A/S S/S Delto (B. Stolt-Nielsen), Haugesund 1916: Mai: Omdøpt DELTO 1916: 31.10. : Stanset og skutt i senk av tysk ubåt U-63 på reise Napoli – Barry Roads i ballast.
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31/10/1916 Adriatic SS (+1916) wreck
Adriatic SS (+1916)Adriatic SS was a British cargo steamer of 3,028grt that sailed from Newport for Marseille with coal (Admiralty charter) on the 31st October 1916 - missing, presumed war loss
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