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25/10/1944 Zuikaku IJN (+1944) wreck
Zuikaku IJN (+1944)On October 25th 1944, HIJMS Zuikaku, an aircraft carrier, was sunk by Aircraft of TF38 in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, Phase 5, The Battle of Cape Engano. Zuikaku rolled over and sank, taking Rear Admiral Kaizuka Takeo and 842 men with her. 862 men were rescued by Wakatsuki and Kuwa
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25/10/1747 Reigersdaal (+1747) wreck
Reigersdaal (+1747)Reigersdaal was discovered in 1979 by the salvage team of Brian Clark and Tubby Gericke. They salvaged the cannons and a great deal of lead. However, Jimmy Rawe en Arthur Ridge found later some 6.800 coins. Divers later found the real treasure, the coffins with the big party of silver. A great majority of the coins from this wreck are Mexican pillar dollars (in excellent condition), but it also yielded a few hundred New World silver cobs, including Guatemala cobs, which are rarely seen from shipwrecks.
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25/10/1944 Douglas Dakota C47 (+1944) wreck
Douglas Dakota C47 (+1944)An American air force C-47 Dakota transport plane, en route from Paris to Cherbourg with twelve men on board, overshot the French coast and found itself over Jersey. The pilot, 1st Lieutenant Robert Blackler, circled the island with his navigation lights on, the international signal of an aircraft in distress and needing to land. However, the Germans fired at the plane and she was hit. Lieutenant Blackler ditched his aircraft reasonably smoothly in the sea and all men leapt into the sea as the plane began to sink. As they neared the rocks they were flung against the granite over and over again. Blackler swam away from the shore as, one by one, the rest of the men drowned, defeated by the rocks, the cold and sheer exhaustion. Blackler was rescued by the Germans and treated in hospital, while the bodies of the crew were recovered from the sea and buried with full military orders.
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25/10/1915 Velox HMS [+1915] wreck
Velox HMS [+1915]HMS Velox, built by Hawthorn, Leslie & Co. Ltd., Newcastle in 1902 and owned at the time of her loss by Royal Navy, was a British destroyer of 380 tons. On October 25th, 1915, HMS Velox was sunk by a mine from the German submarine UC-5 (Herbert Pustkuchen), off the Nab lightvessel. 4 persons were lost.
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25/10/1917 Gefion SS [+1917] wreck
Gefion SS [+1917]SS Gefion, built by Bergens Mek. Verks., Bergen in 1914 and operated at the time of her loss by The Shipping Controller (Mordey, Jones & Co.), London, was a British steamer of 1123 tons. On October 25th, 1917, Gefion, on a voyage from Penarth to Rouen with a cargo of coal, was sunk by the German submarine UB-40 (Hans Howaldt), 10 miles northeast of Berry Head. 2 persons were lost.
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25/10/1927 Principessa Mafalda SS (+1927) wreck
Principessa Mafalda SS (+1927)The Principessa Mafalda was an Italian luxury liner, in service for the Genoa-South-American crossings. She could carry up to 1.600 passengers and had 2 triple expansion engines, giving her a top speed of 19 knots. On October 25th, 1927, while approaching Porto Seguro, on the Brazilian coast, one of her propellor shafts was broken, causing a huge water leak in her engine rooms. Soon after, with the inrush of cold water, her boilers exploded. It is nearly unbelievable, that, despite she stayed afloat for 4 hours and many ships coming to her rescue, out of her 977 passengers and 287 crew, 305 passengers and 9 crew were lost.
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25/10/1944 Yamashiro IJN (+1944) wreck
Yamashiro IJN (+1944)Yamashiro was the Imperial Japanese Navy´s second Fuso-class battleship, and was laid down at the Yokosuka Naval Arsenal on November 20, 1913, launched on November 3, 1915, and commissioned on March 31, 1917. She was the first Japanese vessel equipped with aircraft catapults. The ship was named after the Japanese province where Kyoto is located. At the battle of Surigao Strait on the 25th October 1944, she came under attack and was sunk by U.S. naval forces, receiving four hits from destroyer torpedoes and numerous 14" and 16" shells from U.S. battleships.
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25/10/1944 Chikuma IJN (+1944) wreck
Chikuma IJN (+1944)The Battle of Leyte Gulf (23-27 October 1944)

October 23rd

U. S. submarine Bream (SS-243) torpedoes heavy cruiser Aoba off Manila Bay. Aoba, however does not sink.

Subsequently, submarines Darter (SS-227) and Dace (SS-247) attack what proves to be the "Center Force" (Vice Admiral Kurita Takeo), one of the three main bodies of the Japanese fleet moving toward Leyte in a major effort to drive U.S. forces from the Philippines.

Dace sinks heavy cruiser Maya, while Darter sinks heavy cruiser Atago and damages her sistership Takao.

October 24th

Planes from TG 38.2, TG 38.3, and TG 38.4 attack the Japanese "Center Force" (Vice Admiral Kurita Takeo) in the Sibuyan Sea. Planes from carriers Enterprise (CV-6), Intrepid (CV-11), and Franklin (CV-13), and small carrier Cabot (CVL-29) sink battleship Musashi south of Luzon.

Aircraft from the three task groups also damage battleships Yamato and Nagato, heavy cruiser Tone, and destroyers Kiyoshimo, Fujinami and Uranami.

TG 38.4 planes attack Japanese "Southern Force" (Vice Admiral Nishimura Shoji and Vice Admiral Shima Kiyohide) as it proceeds through the Sulu Sea.

Planes from Franklin sink destroyer Wakaba off the west coast of Panay, aircraft from Enterprise and Franklin damage battleships Fuso and Yamashiro. Japanese planes, however, attack TG 38.3; combat air patrol and effective use of rain squalls as cover limits the damage to small carrier Princeton (CVL-23), hit by bomb from dive bomber.

In trying to save Princeton, however, light cruiser Birmingham (CL-62) and destroyers Morrison (DD-560), Gatling (DD-671), and Irwin (DD-794) are damaged by rolling against the stricken carrier or by fragments from the explosion of Princeton's magazines when fires gain the upper hand; in addition, Morrison's bridge is damaged by a jeep (used to tow aircraft) falling from Princeton's flight deck.

Birmingham suffers the greatest destruction because she is alongside the carrier when the latter's magazines explode. The cruiser's decks literally run red with blood: 229 men killed, four missing, 211 seriously wounded and 215 with minor wounds. Ultimately, light cruiser Reno and Irwin scuttle Princeton.

U.S. freighter Augustus Thomas, anchored in San Pedro Bay, Leyte, is attacked by a Japanese plane. The kamikaze presses home his attack, a wing striking the stack of the nearby tug Sonoma (ATO-12) before it crashes the freighter's starboard side. The bombs detonate in the water between the two ships and the exploding suicider sets Sonoma afire. There are no casualties on board Augustus Thomas (41-man merchant complement, 27-man Armed Guard and 480 troop passengers), which is subsequently beached by tugs Chowanoc (ATF-100) and Whippoorwill (ATO-169). Sonoma sinks off Dio Island.

October 25th

TG 77.2 (Rear Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf), augmented by TG 77.3 (Rear Admiral Russell S. Berkey) and TG 70.1 (39 motor torpedo boats) execute the classic maneuver of "crossing the tee" of the Japanese "Southern Force" (Vice Admiral Nishimura Shoji and Vice Admiral Shima Kiyohide) in the Battle of Surigao Strait.

TG 70.1 begins the action against the Japanese ships. PT-137 torpedoes light cruiser Abukuma, but PT-493 is sunk by enemy secondary battery gunfire.

DESRON 54 (Captain Jesse G.Coward) then attacks. McDermut (DD-677) sinks destroyer Yamagumo and damages destroyers Asagumo and Michisio.

Subsequently, light cruiser Denver (CL-58) sinks Asagumo at the entrance of Surigao Strait.

DESRON 24 (Captain Kenmore M. McManes) enters the fray and Hutchins (DD-476) (McManes's flagship) sinks Michishio.

DESRON 56 (Captain Roland M. Smoot) attacks. Albert W. Grant (DD-649) is damaged by both friendly and Japanese gunfire at this phase of the battle.

Two Australian warships take part in this fleet action. Heavy cruiser HMAS Shropshire (in TG 77.3) and destroyer HMAS Arunta (in DESRON 24) see the destruction of battleships Fuso and Yamashiro.

Heavy cruiser Mogami and destroyer Shigure are damaged.

Meanwhile, the "Center Force" (Vice Admiral Kurita Takeo), which includes four battleships and five heavy cruisers, having passed into the Philippine Sea during the night, surprises TG 77.4 (Rear Admiral Thomas L.Sprague) off Samar. Kurita's force wreaks havoc on the six escort carriers, three destroyers and four destroyer escorts of TU 77.4.3 (northernmost carrier force) (Rear Admiral Clifton A. F. Sprague).

In this battle, which becomes a precipitate flight in the face of an overwhelming enemy force, Kurita's ships inflict severe damage but emerge bloodied by the Homeric efforts of the "small boys" (destroyers and destroyer escorts) and planes from the escort carriers that compel Kurita to retire, inexplicably, without destroying the CVEs and their consorts in detail.

In the Battle off Samar, Japanese surface gunfire sinks destroyers Hoel, Johnston and destroyer escort Samuel B. Roberts (DE-413). Destroyer Heermann (DD-523), E and destroyer escort Dennis (DE-405) are damaged. Johnston damages heavy cruiser Kumano.

Japanese surface gunfire (either battleship Haruna or Kongo) straddles escort carrier White Plains (CVE-66), St. Lo (CVE-63), and Kitkun Bay (CVE- 71) but scores no direct hits. Heavy cruisers Chikuma, Haguro, Chokai, light cruiser Noshiro and a destroyer sink escort carrier Gambier Bay (CVE-73).

Japanse surface gunfire also damages Fanshaw Bay (CVE-70) and Kalinin Bay (CVE-68). Navy carrier-based aircraft damage battleships Kongo (from near-misses) and Yamato and heavy cruisers Chikuma, Chokai, and Suzuya.

Subsequently, Japanese planes attack escort carriers of TU 77.4.1 (Rear Admiral Thomas L. Sprague). Suwannee (CVE-27) is damaged by kamikazes and Santee (CVE-29) by suicide plane and Japanese submarine I-56. Kamikazes near-miss Sangamon and Petrof Bay (CVE-80). Destroyer escort Richard M. Rowell is damaged by strafing.

Following its ordeal off Samar, TU 77.4.3 (Rear Admiral Clifton A.F. Sprague) comes under Japanese air attack. Kamikazes sink St. Lo and damage Kalinin Bay and Kitkun Bay.

At the same time, in the Battle off Cape Engano, carrier aircraft from the Third Fleet (Admiral William F. Halsey, Jr.) strike the Japanese "Northern Force" (Vice Admiral Ozawa Jisaburo). Planes from carriers Essex and Lexington sink carrier Zuikaku, 220 nautical miles east-northeast of Cape Engano and carrier Chitose 235 nautical miles east of Cape Engano. Carrier Chiyoda, damaged by planes from carriers Lexington and Franklin and small carrier Langley, is sunk by heavy cruisers New Orleans and Wichita and light cruisers Santa Fe and Mobile (CL-63) 260 nautical miles southeast of Cape Engano.

Carrier Zuiho is sunk by planes from Essex, Franklin, Lexington, Enterprise, and small carrier San Jacinto east-northeast of Cape Engano.
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25/10/1944 Chitose IJN (+1944) wreck
Chitose IJN (+1944) CHITOSE HIJMS Japanese Navy light aircraft carrier built in 1936 at Kure Navy Yard. Dimensions: 9,000 tons, 577.5x61.7x19; Engine: 15,000 b.h.p.; 20 knots; turbine engines. Armament: Six 5 in. guns, several smaller; 30 aircraft. The Japanese light aircraft carrier Chitose was a unit of the Northern Force of two battleships, four aircraft carriers, five cruisers and six destroyers steaming southward from Cape Engaiio, Luzon, to take part in the battle of Leyte Gulf, October 23rd-26th, 1944. The force was intercepted by the U.S. Third Fleet and a determined air-sea action was fought throughout the 25th in which the Japanese aircraft carrier squadron was completely destroyed, together with one light cruiser. By nightfall the remnants of the Northern Force, of which the larger units were all badly damaged, broke off the action and retired.
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25/10/1842 Dart SV (+1842) wreck
Dart SV (+1842)SV Dart was Sketched on the Morning after the Storm of the 25th Octr 1842) at Madeira
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25/10/1854 Forerunner SS (+1854) wreck
Forerunner SS (+1854)The British ship SS FORERUNNER, built in 1852, owned by the African Steamship Co., Liverpool, was wrecked in 1854, at Fora, Madeira. 14 lives were lost. Notes : 1. FORERUNNER. was the first ship to be owned by the African Steam Ship Company (ASSC), She was ordered together with FAITH, HOPE, CHARITY and NORTHERN LIGHT. 2. Even though she lost her fore and main masts and her funnel in severe gales in the Bay of Biscay, FORERUNNER successfully completed her first return voyage to West Africa – arriving back in Plymouth on 21st November 1852.
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25/10/1864 Hydaspe SS (+1864) wreck
Hydaspe SS (+1864)The French liner Hydaspe was lost when she ran aground in Riau Channel, near Singapore, October 25th, 1864. The passengers, crew and a large part of her cargo were saved, but only 3 days later she was completely smashed to pieces.
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25/10/1865 Republic PSS (+1865) wreck
Republic PSS (+1865)Republic was a side wheel paddle steamer that had departed New York in October 1865 bound for New Orleans. She carried 80 passengers and crew. She also carried gold and a mixed cargo including supplies for New Orleans now depleted by years of war and Union occupation. She was overcome by bad weather and sank. Her remains were located by the Salvage company Odyssey Marine in 2003 in a third of a mile deep water. In the course of time 51,000 coins and a large amount of diverse cargo including some 6000 bottles were recovered. The bottles are recorded in " Bottles from the Deep" by Ellen C. Gerth. 2006. Republic was launched as Tennessee and later renamed USS Mobile. Her wreck lies some 100 miles south east of Savannah, Georgia
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25/10/1880 Isaac Webb SV (+1880) wreck
Isaac Webb SV (+1880)On October 25th, 1880, while bound from Europe to New York, Isaac Webb was abandoned at sea by its crew of 24, who were rescued by a passing steamship bound for Boston.
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25/10/1880 Vingorla SS (+1880) wreck
Vingorla SS (+1880)Foundered 70 miles NW Bombay.
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25/10/1884 Maasdam SS (+1884) wreck
Maasdam SS (+1884)The Dutch liner Maasdam was abandoned after a fire became uncontrolable. Her complement of 262 crew and passengers were all picked up by German steamship Rhein.
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25/10/1902 Camphuijs SS (+1902) wreck
Camphuijs SS (+1902)Lost after a fire near the island of Boano, Ceram
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25/10/1905 Soerabaja SS (+1905) wreck
Soerabaja SS (+1905)Built as Soerabaja. Wrecked 30 m north of Cape Menshikov, Sea of Okhotsk
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25/10/1905 Ogarita (+1905) wreck
Ogarita (+1905)The Ogarita was once a swift three-masted barkentine built for the competitive Lake Michigan grain trade of the 1860s. Long since converted to a lowly towbarge, the ship suffered a disastrous fire in its coal cargo and went down North of Thunder Bay Island. The crew all escaped safely.
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25/10/1913 Tell SS [+1913] wreck
Tell SS [+1913]The French ship Tell ran aground on 25th October 1913, between Cap Camarat and the rock Fouras.
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25/10/1915 Selma ? SS [+1915] wreck
Selma ? SS [+1915] SS SELMA SS Selma, built by Nylands Verksted, Christiania in 1906 and owned at the time of her loss by A/S Excelsior (S. O. Stray & Co.), Kristiansand, was a Norwegian steamer of 1.654 tons. 987 nrt, 2720 dwt.; 270.2 x 39.2 x 17.2; triple expansion engine (Nyland), 219 nhp, 1100 ihp On October 25th, 1915, Selma, on a voyage from Middlesbrough to Nantes with a cargo of pig iron and steel plates, was sunk by a mine from the German submarine UC-3 (Erwin Waßner), 25 miles ENE of North Foreland. 19 persons were lost. From Norway sources : 1906: Des.: Levert som CASSIOPEIA for A/S Cassiopeia (L. Castberg), Kristiania 1912: Solgt til A/S Cassiopeia (Lauritz Kloster), Stavanger 1915: Febr.: Solgt til A/S Excelsior (S. O. Stray & Co.), Kristiansand. Omdøpt SELMA 1915: 25.10. : Minesprengt 25’ ØNØ North Foreland på reise Middlesbrough – Nantes med jern. 19 mann omkom.
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25/10/1915 Trafalgar SV (+1915) wreck
Trafalgar SV (+1915) SV TRAFALGAR Built by J. E. Scott, Greenock (#6); 1501 grt, 1350 nrt; 243.1 x 38.4 x 22.0 On October 25th, 1915, the Norwegian barque SV TRAFALGAR, owned at the time of her loss by Rose D. & Co., Aberdeen, from Liverpool to South Georgia with coal, was abandoned. From Norway sources : 1875: Nov.: Levert som TRAFALGAR for Donaldson, Rose & Co., Aberdeen, UK 1903: Aug.: Solgt til A. F. Klaveness m.fl., Sandefjord 1904: Overført til A. F. Klaveness & Co., Sandefjord 1909: Reg.havn endret til Kristiania 1915: 23.10.: Selvantennelse i kullasten på reise Liverpool – Sør-Georgia 1915: 25.10. : Forlatt
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25/10/1916 River Tyne SS (+1916) wreck
River Tyne SS (+1916) RIVER TYNE SS was a British cargo steamer of 1,450 tons built in 1894 by Naval Construction & Armanents, Barrow, England for the British & Irish Shipping Co. Ltd., Dublin as the LADY WOLESLEY SS. In 1916 she was renamed KINVARRA SS and in 1916 RIVER TYNE SS for Armstrong Lord. On the 25th October 1916 she foundered when 30 miles off Oporto, Portugal.
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25/10/1916 Dag SS (+1916) wreck
Dag SS (+1916) SS DAG Built by J. Elder & Co., Glasgow (#255); 963 grt, 576 nrt, 1350 dwt.; 226.0 x 31.7 x 14.3; 2-cyl. compound engine (J. Elder), 123 nhp On October 25th, 1916, the Norwegian steamer SS Dag, on a voyage from Arkhangelsk to King's Lynn with a cargo of lumber, was sunk by the German submarine U-56 (Hermann Lorenz), 3 miles off Berlevaag. There were no casualties. From Norway sources : 1882: Juni: Levert som LOCH NESS for Dundee Loch Line (SS Co. Ltd.; Leitch & Co.), Dundee, UK 1899: Solgt til A/S D/S Dag (Bachke & Co.), Trondhjem. Omdøpt DAG 1916: 25.10. : Stanset og torpedert av tysk ubåt U-56 ca. 3 kvm. av Berlevåg, på reise Arkhangelsk – King’s Lynn med trelast. DAG’s kaptein protesterte mot senkningen, som han mente skjedde i norsk territorialfarvann.
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25/10/1917 Churchill SV (+1917) wreck
Churchill SV (+1917)The 4-masted American wooden schooner Churchill was launched in 1900 for the San Francisco based lumber company of Capt. Simpson. On October 25th, 1917, CHURCHILL, on voyage from Tonga to Seattle with a cargo of copra, was wrecked on the French Frigate Shoals. A mysterious fire broke out right after her wrecking and totally destroyed the ship. Her crew of 14 stayed on French Frigate Shoals for 30 days and were rescued. The captain was later accused of sabotage.
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25/10/1919 Roma SS (+1919) wreck
Roma SS (+1919) SS ROMA Built by Annanias Dekke, Bergen ; 568 grt, 332 nrt, 800 dwt.; 163.3 x 25.7 x 15.6; triple expansion engine (Aker MV, Kristiania), 52 nhp On October 25th, 1919, the Norwegian cargo SS ROMA was on a voyage from Breivik via Ålesund and Bergen to Sarpsborg with a cargo of limestone, when she was wrecked off Hestholmen, Bergen. From Norway sources : 1891: 02.10.: Levert som ROMA for P. Hamre m.fl., Bergen 1900: 13.09.: Solgt til A/S Roma (A. O. Lindvig), Kragerø 1913: 10.02.: Solgt til D/S A/S Roma (Otto W. Bergmann), Bergen 1919: 25.10. : Grunnstøtte ved Hestholmen på reise Breivik v/Ålesund – Bergen – Sarpsborg med kalkstein. Fartøyt var under kommando av los. Denne ble bøtlagt for uaktsomhet.
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25/10/1920 Canisteo SS (+1920) wreck
Canisteo SS (+1920)The Canisteo was built for the coal, ore and lumber trade. Later she was converted into a sand-dredge. After a long life the Canisteo was dimantled and sank - disposed of.
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25/10/1936 Cristobal Colon SS (+1936) wreck
Cristobal Colon SS (+1936)Cristobal Colon SS is Bermuda´s largest shipwreck, measuring 499 feet in length and three decks high. This Spanish trans-Atlantic luxury liner was completed in 1923 and operated between New York and Central America. She was wrecked on October 25, 1936, when she crashed into a coral reef at a speed of 15 knots on a northern reef between North Rock and North Breaker.
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25/10/1936 Elanchove SS (+1936) wreck
Elanchove SS (+1936)On a voyage from Bilbao to Cardiff with iron ore, the Spanish steamship Elanchove broke in two and foundered in a storm about 150 miles off Bilbao.
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25/10/1937 Kaitangata SS (+1937) wreck
Kaitangata SS (+1937)1930 Sold to S.T. Williamson'sn Ling Nam SS Co., Hong Kong 1937 Oct 25 On Passage Hong Kong-Hainan she caught fire in the China Sea and sunk
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